Strawberry care Queen Elizabeta aaaaaJa Strawberry Care for strawberries Queen Elizaweta ASA 8787from the most favorite plants at gardeners, giving tasty and fragrant berries. Every year, thanks to the efforts of professionals and amateur breeders, new strawberry varieties appear. Despite this, there are varieties that for several decades have been favorites of numerous summer residents and farmers who produce stable yields. Strawberry Queen Elizabeth and her successor Queen Elizabeth 2 are the most popular remontant varieties.
Description of the variety Queen Elizabeth
A variety of strawberries with the “loud” name Queen Elizabeth was obtained by English breeders more than two decades ago. A distinctive feature of the Queen Elizabeth are large berries, which, with proper farming techniques, can reach a weight of 85-90 grams.
The variety belongs to early ripening, reparative plants and yields 3 times a year - at the end of May, in the middle of July and in September. And the berries can ripen until October in areas with warm climates. Early fruiting is caused by the fact that the buds on the plants are tied back in the fall. For early harvests it is necessary to protect strawberries from freezing with the help of various shelters.
Strawberry Elizabeth has dense fruits, characterized by high transportability. The strawberry pulp of this variety is tasty, fragrant, suitable for cooking compotes, jams and jams. Berries can be frozen for the winter, they do not lose their shape. It should be noted that by autumn the taste qualities deteriorate somewhat, the berries become less sweet.
Variety description Koroleva Elizaveta 2
In 2001, on the basis of the Queen Elizabeth variety, Donskoy Nursery, a ball was used to produce a new “clone”, a genetically identical form — Queen Elizabeth Strawberry 2. The breeder of the new variety is M.V.Kachalkin. Interestingly, the strawberry Elizabeth 2 appeared quite by accident.
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Growing on the plantations of NPF Donskaya Nursery, the Queen Elizabeth variety, the breeder drew attention to several plants, which were distinguished by large berries and increased repair. These plants had fewer fruiting waves. So a new favorite appeared - Queen Elizabeth 2.
From its predecessor, Elizabeth 2 differs in the following characteristics:
- in early maturity( in late April, residents of the southern regions can enjoy delicious berries);
- more powerful green mass;
- larger berry;
- longer fruiting;
- less susceptibility to disease.
Remontánaya Strawberry Elizaveta 2, unlike its English progenitor, has erect peduncles at leaf level.
Growing strawberries Queen Elizabeth from seeds
Growing strawberries from seeds is a time-consuming, but effective way to get the plants of the desired variety. Capacities for seedlings no more than 12 cm high are filled with soil. Strawberry seeds Queen Elizabeth germinate in the light, so you should not bury them in the ground. It is only necessary to moisten the soil before planting and evenly distribute the seeds on the surface, slightly pressing down to the ground. Landing is made at the end of January with the possibility of further additional illumination. If this is not possible, you can plant seeds in late February - early March.
For better seed germination after planting, cover the container with glass.
Polyethylene film is also suitable for this purpose. Strawberry seeds are germinated on a bright window. Every day, glass or film must be lifted to allow air not 8-10 minutes. The soil should be kept wet, for which it is convenient to use a spray gun.
When sowing strawberry seeds you need to know that they have low germination( 50-60%).Strawberry seeds Elizabeth begin to germinate in 14-18 days. When the first leaf appears, it is necessary to increase the ventilation time to half an hour. With the growth of strawberry seedlings should be accustomed to its environment.
When two leaves appear, the seedlings are swooped in separate cups. Several plants can be left in the tank, where they grew. Watering seedlings should be carried out with caution, otherwise blackening of the outlet and the death of the plant is possible. Illumination is of great importance for the proper development of seedlings. If there is not enough natural light, additional lighting should be provided.
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Two weeks before planting strawberries in the ground you need to start hardening. To do this, young plants are taken out on the street for a short time. In the future, the duration of the seedlings in the fresh air should be increased.120 days after germination, strawberry seedlings Elizabeth are ready to move to a permanent place.
Agrotechnical cultivation of strawberry cultivars Queen Elizabeth 2 is similar to the cultivation of its English mother. Plants grown from seed, begin to bear fruit this year - in the month of September.
Planting strawberries of the Queen Elizabeth variety on the bed
The Elizaveta variety strawberries are a demanding crop that has high requirements for soil fertility, therefore it is necessary to prepare the land carefully before planting it. Soil should be dug, remove all the roots, break up large clods of earth and make humus in the amount of 7-8 kg per 1 square meter. For strawberry varieties of Queen Elizabeth and its genetically identical form, the presence of mineral fertilizers in the soil is important.
Phosphorus is applied to the soil during planting, and nitrogen and potash fertilizers should be applied during the growing season of the plant.
When planting strawberries in the ground, the following dimensions should be maintained:
- distance between plants - 20-25 cm;
- distance between rows - 65-70 cm;
- with a two-line landing, the distance between two rows is 25-30 cm.
A prerequisite for planting strawberries of any kind is to place the outlet directly above the ground.
Deepening the socket into the ground, as well as its high placement above the ground, will lead to a lack of harvest. After planting, strawberries should be watered thoroughly, and the ground around the plant should be tamped down a bit to remove the resulting voids. This technique will allow roots to settle down faster.
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Strawberry care Queen Elizabeth
Strawberry seedlings Elizabeth planted in a permanent place, requires regular care, which is as follows:
- Regular watering is the key to a good strawberry harvest.
- Removing weeds and loosening the soil after watering. In recent years, the method of mulching the soil around strawberries has been widely used, which prevents the growth of weeds and the need for frequent watering.
- Strawberry Queen Elizabeth bears fruit throughout the summer, so she just needs regular supplementation with potash and nitrogen fertilizers.
- For large berries, the first flower stalks that appeared in spring should be removed.
- Strawberry Queen Elizabeth 2 is more resistant to diseases than its predecessor, but gray rot can also appear on it. During the entire growing season it is necessary to carry out procedures aimed at combating diseases and pests.
- The Queen Elizabeth strawberry variety produces the main crop of large berries in the first two years of cultivation. Every 2 years planting strawberries of this variety must be updated. The same applies to the strawberry variety Queen Elizabeth 2.
- Before hibernation, you must remove all strawberry leaves and cover it with a special material.
In the absence of a land plot, strawberries of the Queen Elizabeth 2 variety can be grown in portable containers. The variety is also widely used for winter cultivation in heated greenhouses.
How to grow a strawberry queen at the cottage - video