- Laminate structure and its properties
- Performance of the laminate for the hallway
- Wear resistance
- Water resistant or water resistant?
Laminate flooring for the hallway todayconfidently competes with tile and linoleum. Despite the nitpicking of some skeptics, this is quite a good and durable coating - it is important only to choose the appropriate option from all offered on the market. Of course, dirt from shoes, melting snow, scratches from sand and sled can resist not any kind of coating. We will try to determine,which laminate to choose for the hallway, and what qualities he should have.
Laminate structure and its properties
In order not to be unfounded in listing the advantages and disadvantages of the material, it is better to turn to its structure, and then it becomes clear what are the main properties of the laminate.The laminate flooring consists of several layers:
MDF or chipboard- base layer. The stiffness and strength of the plates may differ and depend on the amount of wood in their composition. The higher this index, the higher the reliability and moisture resistance;
- decorative layercompletely determines the appearance of the material. It is a thick paper on which can be printed a drawing of any kind of wood, stone, ceramic tiles, etc .;
- upper protective layer, made on the basis of melamine or acrylic resin. It provides protection against abrasion, sunlight and moisture. Some types of laminate have several layers of protection, which increases their durability. Often, manufacturers add various substances to this layer to improve performance: for example, silicon dioxide, cellulose fibers or corundum are added to increase strength;
- the bottom layer made ofof dense kraft paper. Its function is to protect the plate from high humidity.
Plates have a thickness of 7-12 mm, a width of 20-25 cm and a length of 1 m. Laminate has such advantages asstrength, reliability, easy installation and care, excellent decorative qualities and reasonable price. Among the minuses are usually called low durability and moisture resistance, but thanks to modern technology, manufacturers have learned to doLaminate, resistant to moisture and characterized by increased strength and durability. It is he who is suitable for the hallway.
Performance of the laminate for the hallway
This is the first parameter that you should pay attention to when selecting. Since bypassing the hallway, it is impossible to enter the apartment, the load on its floor covering will be very high. Accordingly, it is necessary to choose a laminate that is as stable as possible to loads, especially point-like.
The wear resistance of the laminate is divided into several classes, which is determined after testing. It consists in the circular scratching of the material: the longer the laminate remains undamaged, the stronger it is.The wear resistance class is written in the form of two digits: one means the recommended class of the room, the second - the degree of load on it. For example,class 23It is intended for residential premises with a high degree of load and can be used in hallways, butmuch better suited laminate class 32 and 33- a laminate for commercial premises with medium and high degree of load, respectively.
As already mentioned, the thickness of the laminate canvary from 7 to 12 mm.The thickness of the castle is directly related to the thickness, and the resistance to mechanical stress depends on this. Since daily through the hallway will walk often, it is better to choose a thicker material. It, of course, will cost more, but buying more thin material, you risk in a few years again to repair and change the cover in the hallway.
To date, a laminate with suchtypes of lock connection:
- Lock when the laminate panels are driven. Suitable only for horizontal laying;
- Click when the panels snap into place. This is one of the most reliable and durable options, the more so that you can lay the laminate not only horizontally, but also in a L-shaped way.
In general, modern laminate is laid without glue. This is an additional simplicity in the installation process and excellent maintainability, because in that case it is enough to change the damaged board, and the flooring again, like a new one.
However, it is still usedadhesive lamination. This is not only additional spending on glue, but also the ability to use water-repellent adhesive composition to protect the most dangerous place - joints of panels. The main disadvantage of this method is that if one board is damaged, it can not be changed, it will be necessary to dismantle the entire cover.
Water resistant or water resistant?
Everyone agrees that it is better to use the hallwayLaminate resistant to moisture, which here can appear often enough, because in the rain and snow it is brought along with shoes, clothes and umbrellas, and if the house has also pets, then its number increases. Sowhat kind of laminate is better to choose - waterproof or waterproof?
Moisture resistant laminatediffers in that its ends are additionally treated with water-repellent compositions. Often this treatment yields and an external protective layer. The result is a material that can be washed using household chemicals, and which for some time withstands the effects of moisture, but it is better to clean the puddles from it, not sludgy. For joints of panels it is better to use water-repellent adhesive compositions, after all this is the most vulnerable place. This is a good option for the hallway, which will ensure the floor covering sufficient durability, even in the specific conditions of this room.
For those who want to get the most durable and water-resistant material, a new look has been developed -waterproof. Thanks to new production technologies, we managed to achieve fantastic results. Such material not only withstands the accumulation of water on the surface - if the panels are lowered into the water for a day, it will not swell and change its appearance. For this, of course, have to pay, and there is a laminate two times higher than moisture resistant. But it with calmness can be used not only in the hallway, but also in the kitchen and even in the bathroom.
Decorative qualities and practicality
Laminate, offered to us today by a huge number of manufacturers,differs not only in color and pattern, but in the type of surface and the way it is produced. This largely depends on how practical, convenient and beautiful the coverage will be.
Laminate is usually divided into the following types:
- with a smooth coating. This is not the most suitable option for hallways, and if the surface is also glossy, then there will be traces on it, and with the slightest wetting the floor will turn into a skating rink;
- with a matte coating. This laminate more naturally repeats the surface of the wood, it is not so slippery and traces on it remains less, but nevertheless for vestibules the variant not the most good, especially if through it passes much of people;
- laminate with chamfers is not only very similar to natural wood, but also has increased practicality;
- Textured laminate is the best option for hallways. Firstly, the surface of the tree is completely simulated, and the resemblance to the massive board is striking, and secondly, the surface is obtained by non-slip and non-mark.
To give the laminate wood texture, several methods are used:
- embossing. On the laminate is applied a thicker protective layer, then it is pressed to form a characteristic texture. This is an additional strength, and the coating will have to be washed less often;
- embossing in the register. Here, not only the protective layer differs in relief, but also the decoration pattern. It looks even more impressive;
- Brushing is not only in stamping, but also in the painting of grooves, after which the coating is covered with one more protective layer. This material is excellent for hallways, because it gets additional strength and resistance to abrasion;
- "Chrome-zone". For the decoration of the grooves, an alloy of chromium is used, which allows the laminate to acquire useful performance and a spectacular appearance.
As for theshades, patterns and textures, then there is a choice for each of us, and there is a choice from what. It can be a monophonic coating, imitation woods, natural stone or even tiles. All these options look equally impressive, it remains only to decide what will be better fit in the interior of the hallway.
Common sense suggests that for a hallway, which is often devoid of a natural light source, it is better to choose a light laminate. By the way, you can lay it diagonally, which allows you to visually expand the space.
Combination of laminate with tiles
For those who are still afraid to use laminate, there is a compromise option - to combine it with other materials.At the threshold you can use ceramic tiles or granite tiles, which will take the brunt. The rest of the hallway can be finished with a laminate to give the room coziness. Moreover, in this case, you can choose a laminate with not the highest performance, because the impact on it will be minimal.
Using this combination is easyzonate hallway space, clearly highlighting the place where you need to take off your shoes. For too long hallways, this is a great way to make space more harmonious. Tiles and laminate should be combined, but the boundary between the coatings should be clearly visible, therefore it is not recommended to use identical shades.
The transition between zones can be made direct, diagonal, curvilinear or wavy - it all depends on your own desires and style of the interior. Some prefer a zone near the threshold to raise a little, making a mini-podium. This allows even more clearly to divide the zones, but most importantly, do not get carried away and do not make a podium above 3 cm.
Thanks to the rapid development of technologylaminate today can be called without exaggeration an excellent option for hallways. If you do not save and choose a material with suitable wear and water resistance properties, the hallway will turn out decorate with a beautiful durable and durable coating, bringing comfort and withstanding all possible negative impact.