The installation of a fireplace stove is carried out in several stages. First you need to figure out where to put the equipment, taking into account fire safety requirements. The installation itself is not very complicated, but requires precision in planning and assembly. The main steps and requirements are detailed below.
The content of the article
- Location selection
- Tools and materials
- Step by step installation instructions
Before you figure out how to install a fireplace, you need to find a suitable place. It is determined taking into account considerations of convenience, aesthetics and fire safety. There are several basic requirements:
- As a rule, a fireplace is placed next to a wall or in a corner. It is necessary to determine the position in such a way that the distance to the opposite wall in a straight line is at least 130 cm.
- If the nearest wall where the fireplace stands is covered with non-combustible material, the distance to it should be at least 40 cm. In the absence of such insulation, the interval should be from 110 cm (taking into account the fact that to the opposite wall - from 130 cm).
- The room should not be too small - if the device is powered by wood, the minimum area is 16 m2.
- It is important to decide what to put the stove on. To do this, the so-called pre-furnace sheet must be laid on the floor. In fact, this is a small base in height and area, which can be made of different materials.
At the base of the fireplace, there may be asbestos cardboard, on which a steel sheet with a thickness of 1 mm or more is placed. Around it, boards are formed from a material of non-combustible composition. From the firebox door, this sheet should go at least 60 cm, and along the other sides - at least 30 cm. Another option is to make a brick base, i.e. podium as shown in the photo.
A protective screen is also installed on the walls, which must completely cover the corresponding sides of the case and protrude 30% more (minimum 30 cm).
Installation and installation of a fireplace stove also involves the choice of a place for the chimney. The pipe runs along the wall, then exits through a hole in the wall immediately to the street. Then it goes again vertically and rises above the roof, ending in a small head. Therefore, you should plan in advance where to make an exit hole - usually it is formed in the upper part of the wall under the ceiling.
Tools and materials
Now it remains to figure out how to install a fireplace stove in the house. The stove itself is purchased ready-made, taking into account the size of the room, the material of the case and other parameters. For assembly and installation, you will need the following tools and materials:
- a set of keys;
- construction level;
- container for mixing the solution;
- heat-resistant sealant;
- ceramic tiles;
- mineral wool foil;
- drywall sheets;
- bricks and masonry mix (if you plan to make a brick podium).
Step by step installation instructions
Now it remains to figure out how to properly install the stove in the house. You need to act in several stages:
- First, they outline and form a cut in the wall into which the chimney will be led. A small rectangular hole is made in the wall, as shown in the photo.
- Since the installation of a fireplace stove in the country requires mandatory thermal insulation, at the next stage they proceed to the installation of an aluminum profile frame. Supports are placed at a certain interval, depending on the size of the material.
- Then covered with non-combustible material. It can be, for example, Supersilika with heat resistance up to +1200°C. The next layer is a coating with a reflective surface, for example, foil basalt. Seams should preferably be sealed with foil tape.
- Next, they put a heat-insulating plate, for example, superizol. They pass along the seams with a composition of heat-resistant glue. A 10 mm thick gypsum fiber board can be installed on the upper tier.
- Equip a hole in the wall through which the chimney will be removed. Supersilika material can also be used here.
- They put a pipe and fill the inside with a composition of basalt fiber. The seams are glued with heat-resistant glue - it should look like this (outside view).
- Next, they mount the chimney, strengthening the pipe with clamps every 1.5-2 m.
- Trim the podium with ceramic tiles.
- The walls can be finished with artificial stone.
- Now we are moving on to the final stage - you need to figure out how to properly install the stove. Collect it according to the instructions and connect it to the chimney. Then firewood is laid and heated in test mode.
Thus, you can put the stove-fireplace with your own hands. Since firewood is used for the firebox, there is a need for smoke removal. To do this, they plan in advance a place for the chimney and begin installation from it. At the preliminary stage, it is important to plan materials and distances so as to take into account all fire safety requirements.