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Each site requires a secure fence. An excellent alternative to the traditional fence will be a hedge, fast-growing, perennial, it does not only protect the property from extraneous views and uninvited guests, but also color the whole territory.
With a thoughtful selection of shrubs do not take much time and energy to care, and in return will present a naturally renewable fence that performs several important functions at once.
Requirements for fast growing shrubs and hedges
Perennial shrub plants, chosen for fringing the site, can be deciduous and evergreen, tall and very small, ornamental-deciduous, blooming and even fruit.
In this case, the hedge on their basis not only plays the role of a "green border it:
- helps to divide the space inside into functional zones;
- purifies the air, and when choosing flowering shrubs it is a honey-bearer and a serious bait for insect pollinators;
- changing shape during the year, decorates the territory;
- Keeps loose soils on the slopes of ravines, prevents soil erosion;
- protects garden and garden plantations from cold air direct sunlight.
To the fast growing shrubs for the hedge are several important requirements. Such plants should not only be distinguished by the speed of shoot formation, but also:
- unpretentiousness, that is, without painstaking care;
- frost resistance, especially in regions with severe winters and the danger of spring recurrent frosts;
- the ability to form a uniformly dense green wall;
- good tolerance of regular forming trimming.
Care for planting will be much easier if fast-growing hedges for hedges will not grow over time, leaving the limits of their assigned sites.
However, it is not always possible to find such cultures. Therefore, summer residents enjoy simple agricultural techniques that help to contain the indomitable desire of bushes to take as much space as possible. The simplest during the planting is to limit the planting trenches, digging up the slate sheets to the depth of the root system.
Which shrubs for hedges are growing rapidly and are most likely to meet the requirements listed above?
Types of fast growing bushes for hedges
To create a hedge, lately evergreen rocks are often used. Such plantings retain color brightness regardless of the season. Juniper and thai can easily be sheared and perfectly keep the desired shape. However, conifers have one drawback - in most cases they grow slowly.
In deciduous crops, the rate of growth is much higher than that of conifers, and high decorativeness from spring to autumn compensates for the absence of foliage in winter.
What types of shrubs are suitable for a perennial fast-growing, hedgerow? A small selection of well-known plants with photos will help to make the right choice.
One of the first places in popularity among such breeds deservedly takes barbaris. Plants with densely covered dense foliage shoots perfectly tolerate both a haircut, and Russian winters. They can be safely recommended as fast-growing plants for hedges for the Moscow region, other areas of the middle belt and even to the north.
Thanks to the long-preserved leaves and fruits on the branches, the hedge, changing its appearance, remains attractive throughout the year. And the presence of thorns on dense branches adds to its reliability. At the disposal of summer residents there are enough orts not only with traditional green foliage, but also purple-purple, golden. From grade to variety, the maximum possible height of plants, and hence fences, also changes seriously.
For medium-height fences, strict or free form is often chosen as a vesicle. The leaves of the plant look like foliage foliage, the lush flowering in the first half of summer is no less impressive than that of Kalina or spiraea. In addition, the average increment in this winter-hardy and completely non-selective shrub in the year leaves about 40 cm.
With regular haircut, a perennial hedge from a fast-growing shrubbery is not so densely covered with flowers, but acquires additional density and solidity. If the vesicle is not cut, the width and height of the crown can reach 4 meters.
For small decorative fences and curbs there is no better shrubbery than a snow creeper. The hedge on the basis of the plant grows to 80-120 cm, and although it does not have sufficient density, it is interesting at any time of the year.
From the end of the vein until mid-summer, between the oval, bluish-green leaves, white or pink flowers can be seen. Then in their place there are unusual fruits, similar to snow lumps. They remain in the bush even in winter.
The hawthorn is incredibly popular with landscape designers. In the photo of a fast growing shrub for a hedge, it is clear that the plant not only meets all the requirements for such crops, it retains decorative from the spring to the deep autumn.
Choosing one of the tall hawthorn species, you can surround the house and garden with a dense green wall, which in the spring actively attracts bees, and by the end of the summer pleases with ripening fruit.
On the branches of many varieties of hawthorn there are peculiar lignified outgrowths, similar to long spines. They will help make the fence not only high and attractive, but also unassailable.
Amazing in all respects, the fast growing shrub for hedges is good for enclosures ranging in height from 120 to 180 cm.
Due to the wide crown of the plant, a regular and fairly frequent haircut is needed. But the hedgerow in winter, thanks to the bright reddish shade of shoots, will be an excellent reference point.
In spring, on a bush with variegated foliage in a silvery-green, pink-green or yellow-green color, it blooms, and by the fall, white globular fruits appear on the place of white brushes.
Karagan or yellow acacia
This decorative plant is exceptionally winter-hardy, unpretentious and easy to manage without regular watering.
Yellow acacia can be used as a tree or fast-growing shrub for hedges. Planting in this case is dense, plastic, decorative. In height, such a fence can reach 4 meters. The plant does not have a bad shape and does not want to form a lot of trees. In the garden it will be useful as an excellent honey plant.
Park and polyanthus rose
Unbelievably beautiful, lush and stylish look the hedges of bushes of park and polyanthus roses.
Plants one of their kind create an atmosphere of the Victorian garden, while such hedges are not given a strict shape, but only maintain the decorative bush. However, it must be remembered that all roses tend to give shoots that are carefully cut out.
The magnificent hedge in a free style is obtained from different types of spiraea, which responds well to the Chubushnik's haircut, as well as traditionally grown in the country lilac sites. All these cultures blossom perfectly and tolerate winter without losses.
Blackthorn and other thorny fast-growing bushes for hedges
It's no wonder that for a green garden fence, cultures with spines are often chosen. Barbed perennial hedge from fast-growing species even with insufficient density and lack of foliage turns into an insurmountable obstacle not only for people, but also for street animals and domestic livestock. With such a fence for the site you can be calm!
One of the thorniest bushes used in gardening, only slightly inferior to the dog rose. It is a thorn or bramble with oval dark green foliage and rounded blue-blue tart fruit-drupes. Frost-resistant, perfectly tolerated haircut bush for a couple of years turns into a part of a dense homogeneous fence, which can not only delineate the territory, but also perfectly strengthen the slope of the ravine or reservoir.
The fences from the bushes have no less effect:
- sea-buckthorn, well branching with pruning, unpretentious and abundantly giving root shoots;
- Japanese quince, suitable for creating low decorative borders.
Aronia and arthrogia
To create high garden fences, except for protection, providing owners with tasty fruits, plant irgu and chokeberry. These plants are able to form a hedge up to 3 meters high and higher.
They are winter-hardy, undemanding to growing conditions and pleasing the eye not only with a festive white blossom, but also with tassels of edible fruits, and also changing foliage by autumn.