Discomfort in the room can occur not only due to fluctuations in air temperature. The health of the occupants depends on the level of humidity. Fortunately, it is possible to set optimal parameters using climate technology.
We will try to find out what the house air humidifier is for and define what types of devices are on the market. This overview of the characteristics of different devices, as well as tips on choosing climate technology will help determine the model and not lose money with the purchase.
The content of the article:
- Purpose of a humidifier in the house
- Humidity norms according to GOST
Types of air humidifiers for home
- Cold-Type Devices - Traditional
- Steam humidifiers - "the principle of the electric kettle"
- Multifunctional air washing
- Effective ultrasound models
- Tips for choosing a humidifier
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Purpose of a humidifier in the house
Compact mobile devices that can humidify air to a comfortable value are important for residential premises and offices in which the average citizen spends most of the work or free of time.
Too dry air worsens the health of healthy people, and also can aggravate the diseases of those who suffer from allergies and respiratory diseases.
Young children are especially sensitive to excessive dryness, therefore it is recommended to equip children's bedrooms and playrooms with household humidifiers. Due to compliance with the norms of humidity, the child’s immunity increases, the probability of catching a cold or an infectious disease is reduced.
Modern humidifiers are not limited to the function of spraying moisture in the room. Many of them are able to independently regulate humidity, some even clean the air of harmful impurities and pathogens.
It is useful to apply humidifiers where they grow indoor plants or seedlings - in specially designated rooms, on terraces, balconies and loggias, in winter gardens and greenhouses. It is proved that normal humidity favorably affects the preservation of furniture made of natural wood, paintings, books.
Humidity norms according to GOST
To find out the humidity standards for a particular room, it is enough to look into the GOST documentation, where all indicators are divided into optimal (recommended) and acceptable. To measure moisture content, use a special device - a hygrometer.
The table shows the permissible and optimal rates of humidity and temperature for residential premises. Please note that during the warm season the humidity should increase with the temperature increase (+)
If the readings of the hygrometer are lower than acceptable humidity standardsshould get a humidifier. This concerns, first of all, residents of regions with a sharply continental climate, as well as northern areas, where the air is almost always drier than required.
Types of air humidifiers for home
The division into types is a conditional concept, so we consider two options: categories according to GOST and modern, close to reality separation.
According to GOST 22270-76, each of the humidifiers refers to any one of the following types:
- spray nozzles - the liquid is sprayed through the nozzles;
- rotary - the main active part is a rotating disk;
- film - the air is moistened by contact with the wet surface of the special nozzle;
- porous - air evaporates naturally from the porous material;
- boiling - evaporation occurs during boiling caused by heating;
- steam - steam consisting of the smallest particles of water is drawn off by a stream of air.
However, new technologies make their own adjustments.
Today, the following division into categories looks more logical (we are talking about household appliances):
- traditional - cold, adiabatic;
- air washing - climate systems.
Let us dwell in more detail on each categories of air humidifiers.
Cold-Type Devices - Traditional
The instruments of the classical type (cold) work without additional heating and take a small amount of heat for evaporation from room air.
The air flow blown by the fan passes through a filter (or a replaceable cartridge) moistened with water, as a result of which the humidity rises and the temperature, on the contrary, slightly decreases.
Philips HU4801 - classic type humidifier. Service area - up to 25 m², capacity - 0.2 l / h, water tank volume - 2 l. Equipped with a water level indicator, it turns off automatically during a critical drop.
Advantages of traditional type models: low power consumption, air humidity within 60-65%, low noise level.
Feature of care: for pouring into the tank it is better to take distilled water so that the details of the device do not fail due to sediment. If the device is placed near a heater (for example, an electric heater or a central heating radiator), the efficiency of humidification will increase.
Steam humidifiers - "the principle of the electric kettle"
Indeed, the steam model can be compared with a kettle, from the spout of which a jet of hot steam flies out during boiling. As you remember, the process of boiling water is accompanied by very intense evaporation, and if it is on time do not stop, all boiled water will first be in the air, and then settle on the surrounding items.
Therefore, all steam models are equipped with a hygrostat - a convenient device for controlling the level of humidity.
The principle of operation of the steam device: water boils under the influence of the heating element, rises up and is sprayed into the surrounding space. Using the steam model, you can increase the humidity of air up to 100% (+)
Steam at the outlet becomes safe and sterile, since the heat destroys all germs and bacteria.
Sample of steam humidifier - Boneco Air-o-Swiss S 450 model, designed for servicing an area up to 60 m², power consumption - from 160 W to 480 W
For full operation, the device does not need replaceable cartridges or filters. The water is cleaned with an anti-lime disk, in addition, there is a mode of self-cleaning of scale using CalcOff.
A photo of
The steam temperature at the outlet is from +48 ° C to +58 ° C, that is, it does not burn even at high intensity
The weight of the device - 4.5 kg, the volume of a plastic water tank - 7 liters
Adjustment unit - i-touch touch panel with auto-dimming, which varies depending on the degree of lighting
Steam humidifier often replaces the traditional inhaler for the prevention of colds
Outlet steam temperature
Device weight and tank volume
Comfortable i-touch touch panel
Inhaler function for disease prevention
If you purchase Boneco S450, separately to buy flavoring is not required. The device is equipped with a bath in which it is possible to dissolve aromatic oils. When heated, the air in the room is filled with a favorite coniferous, citrus or floral scent.
Multifunctional air washing
At their core, sinks are improved and more powerful humidifiers of the classic (cold) type. The main active element is the drum, consisting of absorbing disks.
When rotating, he dips the discs into a tank of water, then raises it to the fan. A jet of air from the fan dries the discs, moistening the surrounding air.
As an example of air washing, we present the model Boneco W2055DR - the result of the work of Czech engineers. The device is capable of serving an area of 50 m², which is more than enough for a standard room.
The advantage of the device in the additional filtration of air masses - such devices belong to humidifiers, air purifiers.
The dust particles are washed off with water from the tank, as a result of which the air at the exit is not only humid, but also really clean.
A photo of
A large plastic tank with a volume of 7 liters must be filled with water and in the future try to maintain the working level.
In addition to automatically maintaining a certain humidity, the device has a useful air ionization function.
The housing is equipped with a control panel with indicators for replacing the silver rod ISS and cleaning
For proper operation of the humidifier, it is enough to install on a horizontal surface and connect to the power supply. Power consumption - 0.02 kW
Large plastic tank of 7 liters
Additional air ionization function
Stylish control panel with indicators
Rules for the installation and connection of the humidifier
The device is unpretentious in the care, fills with water from the tap. It is time to remove the cover of the case, wash the discs and the tank, wipe the fan. Additional features: aromatization and quiet night mode.
Humidifier is hardly suitable for improving the microclimate in greenhouses, where higher humidity is needed, but for the home it is a suitable option - it cleans the air perfectly during quiet operation.
Effective ultrasound models
An ultrasonic device is the best choice for a city apartment, office or private house, as it combines all the advantages of other types and is distinguished by maximum efficiency.
If we analyze the choice of customers, we can conclude that this is the most popular humidifier of all the listed modifications. We will understand what is the cause of such popularity.
How does a V / C humidifier
Outside, the device is not much different from other types of models. Working parts are enclosed in a stylish case, which is equipped with a removable panel. The material of the body - heat-resistant modified plastic, shape, size and color may vary.
Beautiful appearance, functionality and ease of use have become decisive in the purchase of ultrasound models by users with different priorities. The safety of the device also played a significant role.
The humidifier differs from alternative models by a piezoelectric radiator located inside the case. It causes u / s oscillations in the region of 5 MHz, which affect the upper layer of water and form the so-called fog, which then spreads through the air, saturating it with moisture.
The design of the ultrasonic humidifier. Main elements: ultrasonic membrane, low power fan, cleaning cartridge, water tank with tray, humid air spray (+)
Almost all models are equipped with a hydrostat to determine and maintain the required level of humidity, some - with an ionizer and flavor.
Principle of operation of the device
Consider what happens behind the walls of the casing before the steam jet flies out of the sprayer. The emitter (disk or membrane) begins to act when an alternating current is applied.
Ultrasonic frequency in the form of vibrations is transmitted to water, which is divided into many small droplets in a special chamber. Then a humid environment resembling a mist or aerosol is pushed out by the air flow created by the fan.
Many ultrasound models are more reminiscent of not a technical device, but a decorative element for interior decoration. Desktop models are distinguished by graceful forms and stylized body trim.
Departing from the sprayer, the fog dissipates around the room. The humidity level is monitored by a hygrometer. As soon as the parameters reach a predetermined value, membrane oscillations become less noticeable or cease.
In standby mode, the humidifier can be several hours - until the moment when the air becomes dry below normal. Powerful u / s devices allow you to raise the humidity of air up to 100%.
Main technical characteristics
The indoor climate is completely dependent on the capabilities of the device, so it is important not only to choose a beautiful design, but also to study the technical characteristics.
First of all, we pay attention to the following parameters and details:
- performance - minimum up to 200 g / h, average - 350 g / h, maximum - more than 350 g / h;
- working area - average indicators for household models - 50-70 m²;
- noise level - As a rule, does not exceed 25-30 dB;
- water tank capacity - medium tanks are considered to be from 3 to 5.5 liters, however, there are also mini-models up to 3 liters, as well as devices with more capacious containers - 6-7 liters; some tanks have antibacterial coating;
- moisture regulator - convenient possibility to control air parameters in order to achieve values close to the norms;
- mechanical or electronic control - modern models are also equipped with a touch panel with a digital display;
- availability of remote controlwhich increases the level of comfort;
- water heating temperature - for ultrasonic devices, it is usually equal to 80ºС;
- cartridge availability - Except for one mandatory kit, spare ones may be included, but rarely.
With choosing an ultrasonic humidifier You should pay attention to the presence of a security system - auto power off. The device goes into standby mode or turns off as soon as the water level in the tank drops to a critical one.
Overview of additional features
The additional options are paid attention to those for whom the starting model is not enough, but the most convenient apparatus is needed.
The range of standard features of ultrasound models can be complemented by the following functions:
- a set of modes, including "child", "night";
- ultraviolet water purification;
- backlight control unit or tank;
- sound indication
Note that some budget models, despite the low price, have all the possible options. And others, on the contrary, are unreasonably expensive, although they are equipped with a minimum set of useful “lotions”. The latter category includes the famous brand. Bork.
Tips for choosing a humidifier
In the process of purchasing a device for the home, you should be guided by the area of the room in which you plan to install the humidifier, as well as on the required humidity parameters.
Humidifiers for children's rooms are distinguished not only by optimally selected characteristics, but also by an interesting design for children. Crane's line for children are devices in the form of funny owls, frogs, puppies, beetles, monkeys
If you want to purchase an inexpensive model for temporary use, analyze the catalog of steam and classical devices - there you can find suitable options no more than 5 thousand. rub. Elite humidifiers are much more expensive, for example, the price of an ultrasonic device Dyson AM10 - about 45,000 rubles.
Lack of free space? You need a / c model that takes up little space. Decorative compact body can be placed on the table, on the shelf or window sill. But get ready for the fact that from time to time you have to change the filters.
If quiet operation of the device is needed (in the children's bedroom, office), an ultrasonic device is also required, the noise level of which usually does not exceed 25 dB
Maximum moisture and cleansing can be achieved by buying an air wash. You will have to devote more time to caring for appliances, but the air in the room will always remain clean and healthy.
Lovers of room flora and home greenhouses have little choice - steam is the best solution. humidifier, which, if necessary, will raise the humidity of the air to 100%, and additionally also increase temperature
Additional tips for choosing the best air humidifier for the apartment and house are given in this article.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video tips from competent people will help you better navigate modern air humidifiers and their functions.
Recommendations of Dr. Komarovsky for choosing a humidifier for a child’s room:
The best ultrasound models:
When you know the design and purpose of humidifiers for your home, it is easier and faster to choose the right model. When buying, read the technical parameters and functionality, specify which consumables will be required. Make sure that the device is suitable for power and service area.
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