Using the motion sensor to activate the lights when approaching the lamp significantly increases the level of comfort in the home / office / apartment. Miniature device leads for your system, allowing you to not have to worry about such trifles. Reduced power consumption, and can install it easily by hand.
Economical from all sides of the unit is to acquire. Do you agree? We'll show you how to connect the motion sensor to the light bulb. In the present article we are given the technological rules and schemes available to the novice electrician. Lists accommodation options, describes the specifics of the settings.
The content of the article:
- Motion Sensor: basic functions and working principle
- Landmarks proper choice
- Location and method of orientation
- How to install the unit and connect it to the lamp?
- Testing and adjustment of the motion sensor
Embodiments connecting circuits IC device to the lamp
- Connection to control without switch
- Connecting to a light bulb with a switch
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Motion Sensor: basic functions and working principle
The main purpose of the motion sensor - switching power supply. It can be operated as an active load circuit, and a resistive-inductive. Any movement in the controlled zone first starts the process of determining the illumination level (if allowed by the apparatus).
If the index is below the set threshold, the device closes the contacts and turns on the lamp. Thus, the detector can work at night and in the daytime. Is set threshold using the controls, it may be from 3 to 2000 lux.
In a life often mounted device whose operation is based on the capture of electromagnetic waves of vibrations in the infrared spectrum. The time after which the detector is activated in case of detection of a moving object, is also set.
Rotate, set the shutter speed mode. Different models of the time delay can be adjusted from 10 seconds up to 7-15 minutes (may be a small error).
Work detector device based on motion detection or identification of human habitation in the field of view
Landmarks proper choice
Different models may have different purposes. Some are intended only to control the internal lighting equipment, others are more universal and can be used for electrical circuits, with the signaling devices, with street lighting system.
Sensors can be restricted and round visibility, have different horizontal and vertical angles of observation. Device for connection to the wall at an angle control zone 110-120 ° or 180 ° at 15-20 ° horizontally and vertically.
Models with a moving body viewing it much easier to setup, but do not have fixed such a possibility, so they need to more carefully choose a placement.
For models with a limited view angle may vary and range from several to hundreds of degrees. When choosing a device, you must take into account how much area will be able to control the device
Detectors with a circular survey may cover a controlled area at an angle of 360 ° horizontally. Their field of view is shaped like a cone, expanding downward. Despite the greater the control zone, not viewed sites (outside the radius of the corners) in the room still remain.
For mounting the sensor on the street or in a high humidity is necessary to select a device with a high degree of protection from external factors (dust, moisture).
For example, a device with protection degree IP20 is permissible to use only in interiors with normal humidity with IP33 can be installed on the street - on the terrace, porch, garden furniture. With IP44 can be mounted on the outside, but to protect the visor from falling drops of water during precipitation.
You can buy ready-made complex of switch and motion sensor. With the features of its choice and installation of the recommended article introduces us.
Location and method of orientation
General rules of the sensors as follows:
- height above the surface of the observed may be from 2.5 to 4 m (parameter depends on the model);
- When choosing a location for installation into account the fact that the detector is more sensitive to motion that occurs across the area of observation;
- The total load power of the lamps is limited, and may be, for example, from 60 to 1200 W for incandescent bulbs and from 0 to 600 watts for fluorescent lighting.
On the sensitivity of the detector is influenced also temperature. The range of temperature values at which the device normally performs its function - from -20 to 40 ° C.
Methods for installing motion sensors on an example TDM ELEKTRIK company devices: DDPt 01 is mounted in the cartridge; E27, DDT-03, 02-DDT DDT-01 installed in a mounting hole for spotlights (diameter different in different devices and may be 40-65 mm); MFDC-01 can be mounted on the wall, ceiling luminaire
Do not install a lamp:
- on the vibrating surface;
- about fans, air conditioners;
- on glossy white wall surfaces;
- near a heat source - electric radiators, Lamps;
- on the surface, under direct sunlight.
To avoid false alarms, avoid exposure to infrared electromagnetic wave sources detector, wind and heat flux.
By choosing a suitable location for mounting objects allow for detection zone at different placement device
Nor can it be to fall into the zone of action incandescent lamp - gradually cools the thread will trigger the detector as it responds to changes in the inclusion of its temperature.
So can continue indefinitely - the light will be switched on and off. False positives can also occur in windy weather because of the swaying branches.
When selecting the sensor itself and the installation location must be taken into account: the installation height, the ambient temperature, ensure no interference every
How to install the unit and connect it to the lamp?
To begin, consider the installation of the motion sensor on the example of the models that are installed in the holes for spotlights.
Installation sequence of actions is as follows:
- Unplug the AC mains voltage.
- Remove the protective plastic cover (Fig. 1).
- Connect the wires (Fig. 2). Wiring diagram indicates the manufacturer of the device and the device passport.
- Folded spring-catches, guiding them upwards (Fig. 3).
- A sensor mounted in the prepared hole (Fig. 4) - the spring will lock its position.
Installation is complete. Left adjust and test the device.
Wiring installation traffic sensors that are installed in holes for fixture point, indicated on the back side. It may differ slightly from the different series of devices
Simply install a sensor, which is screwed into the socket. Then in his screwed the light bulb. In this case, only the lamp must be used, which is not stronger than that specified in the device ID. It is advisable to buy special lampsDesigned to work in tandem with the detectors.
To install the remote sensor in the ceiling or wall luminaire housing need to have a device in the prepared hole, to fasten the housing to the mounting surface via screws. Next, turn off the main power and to connect the phase and neutral conductor of the supply cable to the terminals according to the scheme.
Before connecting Be sure to verify the nature of the conductors. Color coding in practice does not always correspond to generally accepted standards
Testing and adjustment of the motion sensor
Each device has a minimum of two controls. Testing and adjustment is made for two main parameters - the glow duration (TIME) and trigger sensitivity (LUX). The first indicator indicates a time period for which the sensor leaves included lamp.
With each movement recognizable glow countdown time duration starts again. It can be adjusted by the user in an interval from 10 seconds to 4 minutes.
The sensitivity of the device is also adjustable magnitude response. With it you can adjust the level at which natural light will turn on the light. Thus, you can adjust the lamp switch for a day and night or only at night.
Triggering a motion sensor in the work, carried out his mandatory testing. For this adjusted light level controller to a position corresponding to daylight. The regulator time is set to a minimum of control.
After connecting to the power supply, you should wait about 30 seconds - the sensor will work and also including lighting for 30 seconds. Further, should send the sensitive area of the sensor to the area that needs to be monitored, to verify the sensitivity and range.
To test whether the period of operating time and the lamp with the specified parameters. Check operation of the device also during the night and finally set comfort parameters for itself.
More complex construction of the device, which are used in security to have more distance regulator acts in its design (SENS). With it occurs sensitivity adjustment zone. Sensors are also fitted with built-in microphone with noise level controller (MIC), at which the device should work.
The last two control rarely used for low-cost sensors, since their functionality is rarely in demand in the domestic environment.
Embodiments connecting circuits IC device to the lamp
Using a variety of connection schemes and options, you can achieve greater functionality of the motion sensor. For example, to expand the controlled area, to disable automatic lighting control system or illumination control group temporarily without the motion sensor, and so on. D.
Connection to control without switch
The circuit consisting of the lamp and the detector is the simplest. She applied on the back side of the manufacturer or device described in the attached instructions.
The most simple connection method solves the basic problem - the inclusion lamp when motion is detected in the control zone
At arrangement of elongate space along the tracks in the yard or on the perimeter of the device to Motion detection is not enough to control the lighting - it limited review does not allow it do.
In such cases, using two or more detectors. Their like terminals are connected in parallel, and then lead to the lamp.
Wiring with two detectors: the operation of any of them in the electric contact is closed and the lamp illuminates
Connecting to a light bulb with a switch
To disable the automatic inclusion, which operates on the basis of the motion detector in the working circuit breaker added. Connect it to the portion of the incoming power supply cable to the sensor.
In the ON position the switch circuit operates in the same way as if the compiled without it. When he turned off the motion sensor module is completely de-energized and the system does not work.
One of the options for connecting to the circuit breaker: the opening of the contacts system completely stops working
If you want to find the person with the room lights on, while finding it in a fixed position does not lead to shutdown of lighting, then use the following scheme.
To the input and output phase conductor switch connected sensor - thus creating branching electric network, bypassing the main portion. Now using the switch can include lighting, which does not depend on motor activity in the controlled area.
In this circuit breaker shunts portion included an electrical circuit passing through the lighting control sensor. This connection creates a greater comfort in the management of the lighting device
Proven lighting control device connection circuit breaker using disassembled and see the articleAnd read that we strongly recommend.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Video # 1. How to connect the device by a simple circuit and configure it:
Video # 2. Two options for connecting the sensor to the lamp with the switch:
The method of motion sensor is connected to the lamp depends on the objectives to be achieved. Due to the fact you need to organize automatic lighting in the apartment or on the street, near the protected building or garage, picked up the device and a working circuit.
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