Many people who are not well versed in gardening affairs believe that since green grass has not yet made its way through the snow cover, it’s too early to get to work on your plot. This is a misconception. Summer residents expect a lot of things that they do now, working for the benefit of the future harvest.
At the beginning of spring, abrupt changes in temperature from hot to sub-zero occur. This adversely affects the condition of fruit trees planted on the street. In the sundial, the branches get very hot and begin to actively evaporate moisture. With the arrival of night the temperature drops. The bark can get burned, causing the branches to die off, and in some cases frost can destroy the whole tree.
Thus, the grower must prevent excessive heating of the bark. Either in the autumn or in early spring it is necessary to whitewash the lower part of the trunk and the base of the skeletal branches, which in diameter exceed 20 mm. If there is no whitewash, you can use snow, lapnik or brushwood to create an artificial shadow on the required areas.
Lapnik is also an excellent protection against hares and mice in the winter.
At the end of March, one should take care of plantings of chokeberry, gooseberry, strawberry, currant, cherry. The adjacent snow must be covered with sheets of cardboard, brushwood or spruce branches. Thus, you can delay the melting of snow for almost 2 weeks and protect the delicate plants from the spring frosts.
Improving soil drainage from meltwater is another important item in the spring schedule of works. In case the site is sloping, sprinkle it with strips of humus or wood ash at intervals of several meters. In these areas, the land will better absorb moisture from the melted snow.
If the surface is flat, then the snow should be well tamped down or rolled. This will slow down melting and prevent the formation of protalines. To reduce evaporation of water, as well as slow the early warming of the soil, areas without planting can be covered with a film.
If you have not prepared cuttings for grafting fruit plants in the fall, you can do it in March.
Beginning-mid-March is the latest time to prepare a soil composition for growing vegetables( ideally, they should be prepared in the fall).If you do not know the specific composition for your existing crops, then you can use the universal formula:
- garden( or sod) land - part 1;
- humus - 2 parts;
- sand mixed with a glass of wood ash - 1 part;
- superphosphate - 3 tbsp.lon the bucket mix.
It is better not to use shop earth in its pure form due to the fact that it has a high acidity and is saturated with salts. It is best to mix it with another soil mixture, achieving a 1: 1 ratio. Also add a glass of wood ash in it in a volume of 1 cup per bucket.
After that, let the earthy substance freeze well, and then pour it with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. These simple actions well disinfect the soil.
If sand is difficult to get, you can use old sawdust. Or take fresh, pre-aged in a solution of urea( 2 tbsp. L. per bucket)
In such a mixture, well plant leeks, celery, white cabbage and cauliflower, eggplant, tomatoes and peppers. Sowing of these crops should be carried out in early March.
Toward the end of March, early species of potatoes are being laid for germination and vernalization. This increases the resistance of the plant to environmental changes, and also contributes to a reduction in crop availability by almost 3 weeks.
In order for spring garlic stored at room temperature to give heads until the fall, place it in a refrigerator six weeks before planting. There he will undergo the process of vernalization.
Onions should be planted as early as possible in the spring, but only after the soil has "ripened".It is easy to check, - if the ground does not stick to a shovel during digging, the soil is ready.
Do not forget that the stored vegetables should be checked for the presence of rotten fruit. Be sure to sort out the potatoes and carrots. Remove bad tubers from the crowd.
Carefully examine the branches of currant bushes in March. If you see swollen buds, then they are most likely a haven for the kidney tick. Collect and destroy them, otherwise, with the advent of heat, the tick will come out and procreate throughout the plant. If the entire branch is affected by a large number of such buds, it should be removed completely and burned.
The beginning of spring is the time for pruning your trees and shrubs. For apple, pear, plum and other fruit trees, it is required for crown formation, as well as for good summer yields. Pruning is one of the key types of work in the country at this time.
At times, there are even more preparatory troubles in the early spring than at the time of sowing and harvesting. However, the timely implementation of the described procedures will help your garden flourish, and your efforts will be rewarded a hundredfold.