.These types include kolery, care at home for which does not cause serious trouble, but in the collection will be another green exhibit with bright flowers, bells.
In nature, the plant belonging to the Gesnerian family lives in the tropical regions of Central and South America. It is a perennial herbaceous shrub with thin, almost non-branching shoots, pubescent leaves and velvety tubular bells that can please the grower almost all year round.
Features of the photo gallery and in the description of
The leaves of the ovate-pointed form sit on the shoots oppositely and, depending on the type and variety, can be not only green, but also purple, gray-blue or almost purple. Flowers in chores, as in the photo, are mostly red and orange tones. But there are varieties with purple or pink bells. Not uncommon motley, speckled corollas. Flowers with a diameter of 4 cm are formed on the tops of the stems and hold on long peduncles.
If the plant has a well-established regular care, the home-style colony responds with massive flowering, when 15-20 flowers are opened on one bush at a time.
Unlike the close relatives of gloxinia, forming tubers, a thickened scaly rhizome is formed in the kaleria under the topsoil.
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Types of kalerii: photos of indoor crops
In nature, there are several dozen types of kolerii, but only a small part is grown as a pot culture. This plant has differences:
- in crown sizes;
- in the foliage and flowers;
- in the place of growth in natural conditions.
Koteria pleasant or Kohleria amabilis is distinguished by a dark green or brownish color of foliage with a silvery pile. Stems, cuttings and veins have a purple tint. On peduncles one, two or less often three flowers are revealed. The color of the corolla can vary from pale pink or orange to purple. In the type depicted in the photo, colors are not uncommon two-tone beaters with a motley, speckled throat.
Kohleria eriantha or Cohleria flowerpot is most often found in indoor conditions. Plants are easily recognizable by olive-green pubescent leaves, which, due to the reddish hairs on the edges, appear brown. The flowers of this species, as in the photo, have a predominantly bright orange-red color. In the mouth of the bell, the shade is replaced by yellow. On the petals scattered red or burgundy spots. On the peduncles revealed several colors at once.
Kohleria bogotensis, Kohleria bogotensis or, in the alternative opinion of nerds, Kohleria amabilis var. Bogotensis, can be recognized by green leaves and red-yellow flowers with burgundy specks on the inner surface of the petals and pharynx.
In addition to the variety with a smooth green color of the foliage, there are specimens of this type of color, as in the photo, striking the imagination of the grower with dark, brown-green foliage and the same shoots.
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Koleria Varshevich or Kohleria warszewiczii is another plant species that deserves the attention of indoor plants. This large variety of kolerii:
- rather dense erect stems of dark green color;
- pointy-elliptical leaves;
- unusual flowers with a lilac or pinkish tube and light yellow-green petals covered with purple or brownish specks.
Another name of the type depicted in the photo is often used - namstyonkolotsvetnaya koleriya or Kohleria digitaliflora.
Home care for
. Coleria is one of the most unpretentious plants in the family. It grows without any problems and blooms at room temperature. Culture loves light, but in the hot sun it can wither, lose its decorativeness and drop flowers early, so it is better to provide shading for midday hours on the southern windows. When there is a shortage of sunlight, shoots are drawn out, becoming disproportionately thin and weak. The leaves are shallow, flowering is not happy mass.
In the cold season, many plants shed leaves, complete flowering, and over time, all of the aboveground part of the plant dies. In this case, the air temperature is better to reduce by 5–7 ° C and reduce watering, only occasionally moistening the soil. In the spring, when the roots show signs of awakening, the pots are exposed to light and resume the old care of the color.
If for the winter the kolery, as in the photo, keeps the foliage, it still needs light, regular, but not as abundant as the watering in summer and the temperature of the content is 16–18 ° C.
In addition to watering and maintaining the optimum temperature, caring for the household at home includes measures to humidify the air, which is especially useful on hot days and with heating on.
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In the spring, the grapes are transplanted into nutrient loose soil. To do this, take the finished mixture for senpoly or universal substrate for flowering crops. Since the rhizomes of the plant are shallow under the surface, it is better to choose wide, not too deep containers, at the bottom of which the drainage must be equipped.
Replanting is used for reproduction of parts of rhizomes. Small fragments with several dormant buds are separated from the parent plant, dried, and instilled into the soil to a depth of 2 cm. After that, it is only necessary to moisten the soil. And when sprouts appear above its surface, they begin systematic care of the crop, including monthly supplements, which continue until the autumn.
The obligatory stage of home care for koleriya - crown formation. It consists in pinching growing and lodging shoots. Removal of the apex stimulates:
- awakening of the axillary buds;
- formation on the side shoots of new buds.
The cuttings obtained while nipping can be rooted in water or in the substrate, thus obtaining not only a compact flowering plant, but also new young colors of the favorite species.
When a pair of adult leaves appear on a small bush, they pinch the top again to start crown formation. If the formation is not carried out, in most species of the shoot the shoots lodge, turning the plant into ampelous.
Video about home care