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As well as, you will be able to use other objects, such as
, which are used to make Jerusalem artifacts. Not only that the tubers of this culture are not inferior in nutritional properties to potatoes, the benefits of Jerusalem artichoke and the harm from ill-considered consumption of the product have been well studied for a long time.
The native American species was cultivated several thousand years ago by tribes of local residents. Jerusalem artichoke gave the necessary food, durable fiber for mats and clothing. Today the value of the plant is preserved. Juicy, sweetish, starchy tubers weighing from 20 to 100 grams are beautifully stored and can serve as a complete food from autumn to the next harvest.
The useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke are not limited to the possibility of preparing delicious culinary dishes. One of the main advantages of culture is the incredible healing power of tubers.
Composition and beneficial properties of Jerusalem Artichoke
If for centuries it was possible to talk about the therapeutic effects only on the basis of observations and on a whim, today scientists have taken the side of doctors. The biochemical analysis of Jerusalem artichoke showed that modest tubers resembling cabbage stumps contain a record number of active substances and compounds.
What is topinambur useful for? What substances national and official medicine pays the closest attention?
Fresh tubers are a source of ascorbic acid, vitamins B1, B2, B6, A, and PP.Jerusalem artichoke is rightfully considered to be the leader among root crops and tubers in the content of the element that is very important for a person - iron. Regular consumption of tubers helps to meet the needs for potassium and calcium, phosphorus and sodium, magnesium and silicon. All these micro and macro elements are contained in sufficiently large quantities, which determines the active effect of the product on human well-being.
Therefore, the beneficial properties of Jerusalem artichoke or earthen pear, as gardeners and healthy lifestyle advocates often call the plant, are in demand when there is a deficiency of certain elements in the body:for example, it can lead to the development of neuralgia.
In addition, with tubers and dishes from them, fiber gets into the body, which has the antioxidant properties of pectins, proteins, organic acids, sugars and the most valuable amino acids.
Passing through the digestive tract, fiber, like a brush, cleanses the intestinal walls, taking with it not only slags, but also excess cholesterol harmful to the body. As a result of regular consumption of tubers, the risk of atherosclerosis is reduced, and the process of defecation is improving.
Thanks to the ability of Jerusalem artichoke to have a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora, we can talk about the effectiveness of the therapeutic properties of Jerusalem artichoke in dysbiosis, dyspepsia and other digestive disorders.
Tuber dishes can be included in the diet to prevent exacerbations of gastritis and pancreatitis. Jerusalem artichoke not only helps the harmful substances to leave the body on time, it suppresses the vital activity of such microflora species as staphylococcus, salmonella and enterococci.
A peculiar "star" in the composition of Jerusalem artichoke is inulin, a plant substance that is very close to insulin in its properties. The presence of the compound, the content of which in the dry matter reaches 20%, determines the active use of Jerusalem artichoke in diabetes, but the interest of physicians is not limited to inulin.
Pharmaceuticals The long list of amino acids present in the tubers deserves close attention. Among them, more than a dozen bioactive compounds that affect:
- on the processes of aging and metabolism;
- for neuropsychiatric status;
- on muscle tone;
- on the state of immunity
- on the rate of tissue regeneration.
It is interesting that compounds found in tubers form natural combinations that allow using the healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke for a variety of ailments and painful conditions, for example, for the prevention of such formidable diseases as stroke, for gout and weakened natural defense of the body.
Dishes and medicines from Jerusalem artichoke: cooking recipes, benefits and harm
Jerusalem artichokes are eaten raw, boiled, fried and baked. On the basis of tubers are prepared:
- dietary mashed potatoes;
- original side dishes for delicious poultry and vegetable dishes;
- pie fillings;
Flour of Jerusalem artichoke, similar to potato starch, is added to bakery products, and for diabetics, the preparation of Jerusalem artichoke recipes is a real find, allowing you to significantly diversify the menu even with previously inaccessible, and at the same time, safe pastry.
With the great benefits of Jerusalem artichoke there is practically no harm from its inclusion in the diet. If the tubers are heat treated, especially roasting and boiling, in moderation they will be extremely useful. Jerusalem artichoke is recommended to include in the diet menu:
- for gout;
- for anemia;
- for gastritis with high acidity;
- for pancreatitis;
- in atherosclerosis;
- for hypertension;
- in the formation of kidney stones and bladder;
- with overweight and obesity.
A useful product will not be superfluous if a person works in hazardous industries or lives in a region with an unfavorable environmental situation. However, studying the recipes for the preparation of Jerusalem artichoke, the benefits and harm from the uncontrolled use of tubers, you need to remember that in the fresh plant raw materials active substances are much more. But caution when taking in this case should be more. It is safer to add slices of raw Jerusalem artichoke in salads and vegetable snacks. If you do this regularly, the risk of heart and vascular disease, thrombophlebitis, atherosclerosis, and hypertension is dramatically reduced.
For the treatment of the above diseases, it is advised to take a decoction of root crops, which is also effective against urolithiasis and heartburn.
There are recipes for the preparation of Jerusalem artichoke, which help to cope with external skin problems with the use and without harm. Masks and lotions based on crushed tubers relieve irritation, soothe the skin after burns, long exposure to the sun or eczema.
Natural organic acids in combination with mineral salts and starch help to cope with the manifestations of acne, increase skin tone, whiten and dry. Baths with decoction of Jerusalem artichoke leaves facilitate the condition of gout, arthritis and osteochondrosis.
Contraindications to the use of Jerusalem artichoke
The healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke and contraindications that can be heard from physicians are of the same nature. This is a high biochemical activity of plant materials.
In order not to inadvertently harm your health, it is necessary to make a decision on the use of Jerusalem artichoke to treat a certain disease only after consulting a doctor. The doctor will be able to accurately assess the risks based on the diagnosed acute and chronic diseases and the feasibility of such therapy.
Healthy nutritionists and gastroenterologists advise against the abuse of raw tubers. It is especially important to remember when gastritis with low acidity and sluggish digestion. Boiled, baked or added to the soup or stew tubers perfectly satisfy hunger and safely replenish the body with everything rich in amazing Jerusalem artichoke.