helps you to learn how to do-it-all.gardens, greenhouses and potted culture. Callas belong to the genus Zantedeschia, perennial herbs of the aroid family. The popular name of the flower is calla. This apt word accurately reflects the appearance of a culture — a large, wide petal-bedspread is most often white and looks like a bird's wing. A native flower comes from equatorial and southern Africa. There it grows in swampy places.
General description of calla
Calla, or zantedeskiya, is a perennial herb up to 2.5 meters high. The leaves are wide, basal, dark green. Some varieties of leaves are covered with white specks. Inflorescence - the ear of a yellow color on a long peduncle. The cover of the flower is large, funnel-shaped, white, pink or yellow.
Calla are grown in greenhouses, common in indoor floriculture. Many varieties are suitable for cutting, as they are able to stand in a bouquet for up to a month.
Calla are poisonous plants because of the high content of calcium oxalate.
Toxic whole plant. If calyx juice gets on the mucous membranes, pain and irritation occur, swelling and subsequent severe allergic reaction are possible. Contact dermatitis may appear on the skin from flower sap. Care for him should be very carefully, avoiding the ingress of juice on the skin.
Calla can be propagated by seed, but more often it is done vegetatively - by dividing the root.
For regular flowering, callas need a dormant period. It lasts from two to six months.
During this period, the colored species shed their leaves and completely stop growing, and the white callas do not lose their decorativeness, but stop developing. In the dormant period, colored varieties are stored in a cool place as a sleeping tuber, and whites restrict watering.
The following types of callas are common in indoor floriculture:
- calla Elliot;
- Calla Remani;
- Calla Picasso;
- Calla Ethiopian.
Photos of calla flowers amaze with a variety of shapes and colors. Among them are snow-white specimens, yellow, red, purple, and almost black. Two-colored varieties are especially beautiful when the flower at the base and edges has different shades.
Calla Elliot "Zantedeschia elliottiana"
Calla Elliot is distinguished by large leaves with white spots and flowers of two shades. The plant is tuberous, it is better to propagate it vegetatively. The variety likes good care - a lot of light, warmth, frequent watering.
The most famous variety of callas:
- "Vermeer" - is highly decorative. The leaves are carved, wavy at the edges, covered with white specks. At the stem, the flower of calla burgundy tone, closer to the edges smoothly turns into white.
- "Yellow Corner" - the green stem gradually changes to yellowish color. The cover of the flower is soft yellow, sunny shade. The variety looks great with bright speckled leaves.
- "Black-eyed beauty" - a wide light yellow petal has a dense purple center and a corn-yellow stamen. The leaves are dark, covered with large white specks of irregular shape.
Calla Remani( Calla rehmannii)
Calla Remani is short-cut. Plants reach a height of not more than half a meter. It has narrow green leaves that sheds for the winter. It is propagated by tubers, popular in indoor floriculture.
- "Evening" - this name was given to the variety of calla with dark purple, almost black flowers.
- Indian Summer is an unusual and rare variety of red calla with a pomegranate hue.
- "Chameleon" - fully justifies its name - the flowers shine with all shades of peach and golden tones. Dark green leaves are covered with white specks.
- "Picasso" is a variety of callas 35-45 cm high. Large maroon flowers with a bright border bloom in July-September and bloom up to one and a half months.
- Black Forest - the variety has large flowers in the shape of a maroon-purple candle.
- "Anneke" - beautiful funnel-shaped flowers of pink and purple hue.
Calla Ethiopian( Zantedeschia aethiopica)
Calla Ethiopian is the largest variety of zantedeskii for growing in indoor conditions. This species has large, heart-shaped leaves and funnel-shaped inflorescences. During the rest period, the foliage remains bright green, which enhances the decorative appearance.
The most famous varieties of the Ethiopian callas include:
- "Green Goddess" - a variety with white-green flowers and a short stamen of lemon-colored.
- "Childsian" - a variety that blooms profusely with white flowers with an orange center.
- "Amethyst" - a variety of purple calla is notable for its considerable height and delicate aroma.
- "Pearls" - a tall variety with light green leaves, the flowers are large, white, fragrant, on the outside of a greenish shade. Suitable for bouquets.
- "Albobakulata" - a large white flower has the shape of a candle and a light aroma of vanilla.
- "Captain Chelsea" is a wonderful two-color variety. The cover is burgundy in color with a golden border. The leaves are dark green with silver dots.
- "Little Jam" - Calla has white flowers of original appearance. In a flower that does not bloom to the end, the petal twists like a funnel, in the middle there is a bright yellow stamen. At the edge of the petal greenish-claw.
How to plant callas
You must first take the purchased tubers into diluted pink potassium permanganate and then put them in a solution of Kornevin stimulator or any other. The plant requires a fairly large amount of land - about 2.5 liters per tuber. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot, then nutritious soil. Calla tuber is smooth below and in the upper part has small protuberances. Put tuber need a smooth part down to wet ground.
Planting should be shallow, the tuber is only covered with a layer of earth no more than 1-2 cm. Otherwise, there is a great risk of rotting of the roots.
Immediately after planting, the calla is not watered, the pot is left in a warm place without drafts. In the future, Calla flowers need regular watering. Also, the plant should be fed complex fertilizer for flowers.