Today, sweet peppers are successfully grown not only by professional farmers, but also by amateur gardeners. Therefore, breeders are working hard on breeding new unique varieties of peppers, as well as trying to improve the old varieties. One of the popular varieties bred in the Soviet Union is the sweet pepper Moldova Gift .
The variety is characterized by high yields of , resistance to diseases and pests and unpretentiousness in cultivation.
Despite the fact that the variety has existed for over 40 years, it is still in demand and popular in most regions of our country. This is evidenced by numerous rave reviews and professional vegetable growers, and ordinary gardeners.
The attractiveness of the variety, its technical characteristics, advantages and cultivation will be discussed further.
Table of Contents
- Sweet Pepper Moldova Gift: Origin, Description and Specifications of
- Advantages and Disadvantages of the
- Variety Seed Planting and Growing of Seedlings
- Planting in the Open Ground
- How to care for plants in a garden?
Sweet Pepper A Gift of Moldova: the origin, description and technical characteristics of
The variety was bred in the early 70s of the 20th century by Moldovan breeders and immediately became widespread throughout the USSR.
Compact half-bush 50-60 cm in height does not require large space, special care and tying. It grows well in greenhouses and open beds.
With proper care, up to 5 kg of can be harvested from 1 square meter.
Fruits of elongated conical shape reach a mass of 80-90 grams .In technical ripeness, pepper has a greenish-yellow color, in biological - bright red.
Ideal for stuffing , since the wall thickness does not exceed 0.6 cm, and the peppercorns themselves are about the same size.
Thanks to their juicy, slightly sweetish pulp with a characteristic taste, they can be used both fresh for dressings and salads, and for preparing various preparations for the winter.
Advantages and disadvantages of the grade
Sweet pepper Moldova Gift is popular due to :
- resistant to adverse weather conditions;
- resistance to most diseases of peppers, including fusarium and various types of rot;
- growing opportunities in different climatic zones;
- compact arrangement of bushes on the garden( which is especially important when grown in a greenhouse);
- plant simplicity in the care( enough standard procedures - dressings, weeding, watering);
- good yield;
- excellent transportability of ripe fruit;
- long-term storage capabilities;
- excellent taste.
The variety has almost no deficiencies if you follow all the rules for planting and caring for adult plants:
- should be watered in a timely manner;
- loosen the ground and remove weeds;
- to cut ripe fruit( and not tear them together with the stem);
- to feed 2-3 times during the growing season fertilizers.
. Planting seeds and growing seedlings.
. To grow healthy and strong plants:
- Properly prepare the ground for seedlings. It is desirable to take the soil from the site where peppers will later grow. If the soil is clay - add a little sand, humus and peat. Cooked earth should be well breathable and air permeable.
- Prepare the seeds .The term of planting seeds depends on where the pepper will be planted. The growth period of seedlings averages one and a half months, so for the greenhouse the seeds should be planted in mid-February, for open beds - after March 20.Before planting, seeds should be soaked in a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate for at least a day. It is recommended to plant seeds immediately in separate pots or peat tablets, as the plants are very poor in diving.
- Hardened seedlings .Care for seedlings is timely watering, a sufficient amount of sunlight and maintaining the temperature. After the formation of 4-5 of these leaves, seedlings can begin to harden. Plants take out to the balcony for 15-20 minutes, then 30-40, and during the week bring the period of stay to 1.5-2 hours. Hardening allows the peppers to adapt to environmental conditions and transfer the planting to the garden without any serious consequences.
. Planting in open ground
. It is possible to transfer seedlings to the beds when the air temperature at night does not fall below 18-19 degrees. To seedlings normally developed in the air and on the surface of the soil should not be freezing.
Does not like pepper and cold shrill winds of , therefore the bed should be chosen in drafted and well-lit places.
The distance between plants in a row can be reduced to 40-35 cm, the row spacing can be 45-50 cm.
You can put a little fertilizer or humus in each well and pour it abundantly with water until the well is completely filled.
When the water is slightly absorbed, lower the pepper with the peat pot or clod of earth into the hole. Wait until the rest of the water is absorbed and cover the hole with earth, deepening the seedling on the first leaves.
How to care for plants in the garden?
The entire care for sweet peppers Moldova’s gift boils down to several mandatory actions:
- watering is done by sprinkling until the ovary appears, then every plant is watered at the root until the end of fruiting;
- regular loosening of - carried out in order to ensure access of air and moisture to the roots of plants;
- removal of weeds allows you to avoid the reproduction of pests and plant infection with dangerous diseases - spotting and rot;
- top dressing - with ordinary and organic mixtures it is possible to get the maximum yield;
- timely collection of ripe fruits - allows the plant to form a new ovary, which significantly increases the yield.
Unpretentious in growing and resistant to diseases and pests , he has proven himself in the Russian climate.
In this case, you can get high yields not only in the southern and central regions of our country - the variety is successfully grown in the colder northern and eastern regions of the .