Kumquat appeared on the shelves of Russian stores recently. This is a bright orange tropical fruit. It belongs to the citrus family. The fruit of this amazing fruit is not inferior to any other citrus in taste and useful qualities.
Kumquat tree forever green. It reaches no more than two meters in height. And if pruning is done on time, the tree will grow to the sides and resemble a shrub. The height of the tree also depends on the size of the pot into which the was planted.
Providing the necessary conditions for kumquat it is possible to grow at home. Let's talk more about the features of growing this exotic plant at home.
Table of Contents
- In which regions Kumquat
- is grown requirements Dachshund experts support projects abdulteenRegions grown Kumquat
This fruit was first grown in China. Now it is grown in Japan, South-East Asia, Europe and the USA.
For a long time, it was not possible to grow kumquat in regions with a cool climate. Seeds were difficult to germinate, and if this happened, the cuttings died because of a weak root system. To achieve reproduction of this plant was possible only thanks to vaccinations. InIt is worth noting that the taste of fruits grown in colder areas is not as sweet as in China.
Now this exotic fruit is grown in the Krasnodar Territory, in the Crimea, Ukraine.
In the Moscow Region and Central Russia, kumquat can be grown at home or in the greenhouse .However, even in the south it is rarely planted in the ground, preferring "home care".
Requirements for the dacha area
The dacha area on which it is planned to grow Kumquat should be well lit.It is necessary to protect the plant from the direct rays of the sun on a hot summer day. It is important to provide diffused light. Otherwise, the direct rays of the sun can lead to the tree shedding most of the foliage.
Kumquat tree loves moderate moisture around itself .To water this plant properly, it is recommended to install an automatic irrigation system at the dacha. It should be remembered that the plant may die if it is poured with water.
If the temperature is low or moderate, is recommended to water the plant once a day at for 2-3 days , or less often .In hot weather( + 20-25 ° C), water should be watered every day.
From large temperature fluctuations, a tree can shed its leaves. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure conditions at the dacha in such a way as to avoid temperature drops.A tree will feel great if it is watered with water heated in the sun. To do this, you can get water in an iron barrel, let stand and get warm in the sun. Then use for watering plants.
As for the soil for planting this tree, you can buy soil intended for the cultivation of citrus. Also can be prepared as a special land by yourself .It is necessary to mix the turf ground, the garden fertile soil, rotted manure, or sheet humus and sand.
In what season and by what methods it is recommended to plant and propagate the Kumquat tree.
Kumquat can be grown from seeds. To do this, choose the most ripe fruit. Remove seeds from it. And soak them in any growth promoter. Plant seeds to a depth of 1.5-2 cm in pots with a diameter up to 8 cm .The pot is covered with plastic wrap and left in a warm place. The first shoots can be expected 35-40 days after planting.
A propagates this fruit by the following methods:
- grafts By grafting
layouts Experienced citrus growers prefer to propagate it by cutting or layering.
The most favorable time for reproduction of kumquat grafting is April .A tree planted at this time of the year will settle down better and get stronger faster.
Shanks for planting need to be prepared before winter. At least three buds are left on them. Cut cuttings 0.5 cm below the last kidney perpendicular. The upper cut is made oblique 1 cm higher from the kidney. In order for the stem to root, it is planted in a pre-prepared soil for citrus fruits, to a depth of 1.5-2 cm and cover with a glass jar. It is important to ensure the future of the tree optimum moisture and sufficient watering.
The spring season is also chosen for tree reproduction. To do this, take annual shoots with a length of 20 cm and a thickness of 0.5 cm. At a height of 10 cm on the bark of the shoot make two cuts through 1 cm. Remove the bark and remove the leaves at a height of 5 cm. To this section of the shoot they tie a plastic bag with the ground.In order for the layers to take root faster, the soil must be constantly moistened.
Features of growing and care
Kumquat tree requires constant watering and spraying with warm settled water. If this is not done, the plant may become sick or die from various pests.In order for the kumquat to grow evenly, gardeners turn a pot with a tree around its axis by 10 degrees every 8-9 days.
In the summer season the tree is held in partial shade. And in the winter on gloomy days, additional lighting is required.
Fertilizing tree needs 2-3 times per month in the spring, summer and autumn season .In the last months of autumn, as well as in winter, it is necessary to fertilize no more than once a month. An aqueous solution of mineral fertilizers is used as a fertilizer. Prepare it as follows : in 1 liter.water dissolve 2-3 gr.ammonium nitrate, 1-2 gr.potassium salt and 4-6 simple superphosphate.
It is also useful to fertilize the wood with a solution of wood ash.
In spring and summer, it is recommended to feed with slurry: 1 part of cow dung is bred in 10 parts of water. This type of feeding should be alternated with mineral fertilizers.
It is recommended to to replant Kumquat tree once every 3 years. .This should be done at the end of February or in March. It is important to make a transfer very carefully. It is required to preserve a whole lump of earth, covered with roots. Drainage in a new tree planting area needs to be updated.When transplanting a tree can not be planted deep. After transplantation, it is recommended to spray and pour a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
In the spring, when the crown of a plant is actively formed, it is necessary to prune the tree. The growth of the tree should be uniform on all sides. Pruning must be done when new shoots appear on it. That is, the tree must be in the active growth phase. Trim is important only the stiff part of the .Only in this case the tree slows down its growth and throws out side shoots.
After pruning, dormant buds are activated, forming shoots. Future shoots must be tied up so that the bush has a fan-shaped shape. Injuries must be treated with an garden pitch. This is done in order to quickly heal the wounds, as well as to prevent infection. A year after pruning, the tree will acquire an almost perfect crown.
The enemies of this plant are
The main enemies of the tree are sucking, gnawing parasites.
The most well-known of them are :
- Spider mite
If there are white dots on the underside of the leaves, and if the leaves are twisted and entangled with white spider web - these are signs of the spider mite .
To combat it, take a tablespoon of tobacco dust, pour a glass of hot water and add 6 oz after 6 days.laundry soap. The resulting solution is treated with an tree 3 times with with an interval of 6 days in .
Garlic also helps rid the tree of this parasite. The head of garlic is crushed and steamed in one glass of boiling water. Insist this solution for about two days. After that, the plant is filtered and processed by it.
leaves covered with sticky gum and have a black patina. You can fight this parasite using a mixture of one teaspoon of engine oil, stirred in a glass of warm water with 40 grams.laundry soap and 2 tbsp.spoons of laundry powder.
flap. Before proceeding to wood processing with the mixture obtained, it is necessary to cover the ground with a film. The mixture should not be allowed to enter the soil. Carefully handle the leaves and branches of the affected tree with a cotton swab. Wash off the applied solution after 3-4 hours under the shower. After 6 days, the procedure must be repeated.
What varieties are grown at home
There are some types of trees that can be grown at home:
Kumquat Fukushi Kumquat Maeve Kumquat Nagami
- Kumquat Nagami is one of the common species. Differs from other varieties of sweet fruits, reminiscent of the olive.
- Kumquat Yaponik( this variety is also called Kumquat Maeve) is a yellow-orange fruit, very similar to lemon. Shrub with oval leaves and short spikes. This variety is frost resistant. It is grown in the south of Russia in the open field.
- Kumquat Fukushi - the fruits are very tasty and sweet.
There are also many kumquat hybrids. Here are some of them:
orangequat Lemonkvat Calamondin Limequat
- Limequat - obtained from lime and kumquat
- orangequat - obtained from orange and kumquat
- Lemonkvat - lemon, crossed with a kumquat
- Calamondin - from tangerine and kumquat
Kumquat is a beautiful plant that produces unusual small fruits. It differs from citrus in that it is eaten with the peel of .Growing it at home is quite difficult, because it requires a lot of attention and is extremely capricious. But those lucky ones who managed to provide the necessary conditions and care for this tree know exactly what it was worth.
- is grown requirements Dachshund experts support projects abdulteenRegions grown Kumquat