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Choosing to an apple orchardvarieties of fruit trees, invariably pay attention to how soon the apple tree enters the season of fruiting, the taste and size of the fruit, the resistance of the variety to frost and lack of moisture, the diseasem and pests. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, gardeners can choose between tall and dwarf trees. However, the maturity of the crop on apples is no less important, since only with this criterion in mind can a garden be laid that can provide humans with vitamin fruits from mid-summer until the next spring.
At the same time, autumn trees in an apple orchard should make up about one third of all plantings. The fragrant strong apples, ripening in September, go not only to the table, when consumer maturity comes in 12–15 days, but they are beautifully stored until the middle of winter.
Description of apple variety Ural bulk
This unpretentious and abundantly fruiting autumn apple variety was obtained in Chelyabinsk, by the famous breeder P.A Zhavoronkov from crossing Papirovka and Ranetka krasnaya. Since the 1950s, apple varieties of this variety have been planted from Volgo-Vyatsky to the Far Eastern region.
And due to the high speed of adaptation, early ripeness and winter hardiness today are in demand in most areas with harsh climatic conditions. Already from the second year of life, the cultivated plant produces the first apples, and in the third year the productivity approaches the full one. The maximum yield obtained from the Ural bulk apple is up to 250 kg.
The apples of this variety have a yellowish juicy flesh, which, when overripened, becomes much looser, has a sweet taste with hardly noticeable acidity and a pronounced aroma. Fruit ripening begins closer to the middle of September, while ripe apples do not crumble, and after picking up to 2 months they retain their qualities and taste.
The small rounded fruits of the Ural bulk apple are not more than 60 grams. In apples, the stem is elongated, as in the pastures, a smooth, shiny skin and first yellow-green, and then a smooth yellow color, on which a light, barely noticeable pink blush is formed when the sun hits.
Apple Tree Cinnamon new
The well-known late autumn ripening variety is developed on the basis of the All-Russian Research Institute of Scientific and Technical Information. I.V.Michurin, a famous breeder S.I.Isaev. As the starting material for the hybridization, an apple tree of the Cinnamon Striped variety and a Welsey variety was selected.
Arrived in 1950 for State testing of a variety after 15 years was zoned for cultivation in the Central and North-West region of the country. In the nonchernozem zone of Russia, apple orchards, made of strong-growing strong trees of this variety, are actively used today. The variety is high-yielding, has good resistance to scab, and shows winter resistance in conditions of central Russia.
Crohn's young Cinnamon apple tree has a shape close to the pyramid, but expands and becomes round as it grows. Most of the ovary is formed on kolchatka, and only a small part - on the elongated flexible fruit rods. At the time of fruiting, apple trees come relatively late, only in the 6–7 year of life, while in mature trees, the years of abundant crops alternate with periods of rest.
Large, dark green, ovoid leaves with pointed, elongated tips, noticeable pile and jagged edges are characteristic of the Cinnamon apple tree. When in the second half of May the plant blooms, the tree is covered with large white and pink flowers, in place of which fruits are later formed, weighing from 20 to 180 grams. Rounded-conical or slightly flattened apples of this variety are covered with a thick smooth skin of a greenish-yellow color with a mottled or blurred striped blush of a red-carmine shade.
The fruits of the Cinnamon New are distinguished by the highest commodity qualities, they are juicy with a sour-sweet taste and are in no way inferior to most southern varieties. The apples taken at the beginning of September fully reveal the taste in 3 - 4 weeks, and can be stored in a cool room until winter.
Apple tree Uralets
A strong-grown frost-resistant apple tree of the Uralets variety is the result of the work of P.A.Dibrova. On the Sverdlovsk OSS, in the middle of the last century, the scientist crossed the pink-striped Anis with the Chinese Stencil and Saratov Ukrainian woman.
The variety obtained by a scientist with a strong pyramidal crown, which withstands up to 70 kg of fruit in the harvest years, became popular in many northern regions of Russia and in the middle belt. Even with a large load, the leaves covered with leaves of medium size do not break off. Ural apple trees bloom in May. The buds are pink, and the blooming flowers are white. Self-pollinating of this variety does not occur, therefore the owner of an apple orchard as a pollinator can plant Ural bulk trees.
The development of the ovary goes on shoots of 2-3 years. Small round-conical fruits become ripe from the first half of autumn. The average weight of a sweet-and-sour, fragrant apple of this variety does not exceed 50–60 grams. In this case, the surface color of the fruit, heap sitting on elongated stems, cream, with thick striped blush. On the skin is well visible wax coating.
Fruiting apple varieties Uralets begins from 4-6 years and takes place annually, and the harvest only grows from year to year, regardless of weather conditions.
Thanks to the interbreeding of the Grafenstein red and McIntosh varieties by Lithuanian breeders, the Auxis apple-tree variety with a compact rounded crown of medium thickening and fruits of autumn ripening was obtained.
The flowering of trees of this autumn variety in an apple orchard begins towards the end of May, while for pollination of flowers it is necessary to have nearby apple trees of other varieties. The result is the formation of medium-sized fruits, whose weight ranges from 90 to 180 grams. Apples with an oily, smooth skin have a flat, flat-rounded shape and a greenish-yellow, at the stage of removable ripeness, color, on which a carmine or red blush stands out, covering almost the entire surface of the fruit. In sweet and sour refreshing apples ripening in mid-September, dense yellow flesh, when stored does not lose its structure until the end of winter.
The first fruiting of the apple Auxis occurs more often 4–5 years after planting. At the same time, the variety in the middle zone conditions shows average winter hardiness and the same resistance to scab. In addition, the time is not collected fruits fall.
Apple Tree Anis Sverdlovsk
The apple tree variety Anis Sverdlovsky, which gives a harvest in late autumn, is the fruit of the work of plant breeders at the Sverdlovsk Horticulture Experimental Station, under the direction of L.А.Kotov. The plant is grown by crossing Melba and Anise purple, with the crown of an apple tree closer to the shape of an oval or a wide pyramid. Tree srednerosly with mixed type of fruiting. Although on the densely strewing branches of biennial ringworms, most of the pink flowers form, and then the ovary.
Correct rounded or oval apple fruits Anis Sverdlovsk have an average weight from 100 to 120 grams. The apples have a dry, smooth, medium thickness peel of a light yellow topcoat, which is almost invisible under a rich red blush. On ripe fruits, a wax bloom of a gray shade is clearly visible.
The apples have a juicy, fine-grained flesh of white or sometimes greenish hue. The taste of ripe fruits taken from Anis Sverdlovsky’s apple tree in early September is sweet and sour, deserving of high expert ratings. However, this autumn variety cannot be called lezhky. The maximum shelf life is until December. The tree gives the first ovary already in the fourth year after vaccination, tolerates the winter well and even recovers from individual shoots even after frost damage, but is often affected by scab in rainy seasons.
Description and photo of an apple tree Autumn striped
A variety of old folk breeding fell into central Russia from the Baltic states, therefore, the Autumn striped apple trees are called Streifling or Strefil. There are other variants of the name. Apple trees reach a height of 8 meters, while the rounded dense crown of a tree has a diameter of up to 7 meters. The shoots are covered with oval large leaves with a noticeable silvery pile and jagged edges. Under the weight of a ripening crop, branches can sag to the ground.
According to the description and photo of the Autumn striped apple tree, these trees are little affected by scab and are winter-hardy enough. At the same time, annual increments on trees are small, and the first fruits are tied only in the fifth or sixth year. Also slowly increases productivity. But upon reaching 25–30 years old, an apple tree of this variety, receiving the proper amount of moisture and nutrients, is capable of producing up to 300 kg of fruits.
After pollination of the buds, the ovary actively grows, but the fruits are stained only in August, and ripen in mid-September. The shape of large yellow-green with a stroke blush of apples is irregularly rounded, sometimes conical, with ribs noticeable closer to the top. The flesh is white elastic, with a pleasant refreshing taste.
variety Received in 1936 at the Samara Experimental Station a high-yielding variety has long established itself as unpretentious and high-yielding. The Zhigulevskoe apple varieties are the result of crossing Borovinka and the Wagner prize variety. The variety turned out quite winter-hardy and quickly recovering from the severe frosts.
Relatively low, but giving good gains, trees of this autumn variety in the apple orchard can be distinguished by the sparse wide pyramidal crown, the first apples on which appear five years after planting. At the same time, plants bear fruit annually, giving juicy, rounded fruits with a crane blush, weighing from 130 to 200 grams. Apples are stored until the second half of winter.
Apple-tree Bessemyanka Michurinskaya
A strong-growing variety, obtained by I. V. Michurin, as a result of crossing Bessemyanka Komsinskaya and Skrizhapel, has a powerful spreading crown and begins to bear fruit from 5 to 7 years after planting. The average yield of an apple orchard, laid by their Bessemyanka Michurinskaya trees, is 130 kg per plant.
Flowering begins in the second half of May, and the fruits ripening in September weigh 110–130 grams and have excellent taste. The apple of the Bessemyanka Michurinskaya variety has a light yellow topcoat and a blush of confluent orange and red stripes all over the skin that keeps freshness until December. Apple trees hibernate well in the middle zone and are rarely affected by scab. The only drawback of the variety is not uniform ripening of crumbling apples.