Who would not want a hot summer day to splash and cool off in your own pool? How much joy and endless fun would deliver an artificial pond adult owners cottages and restless younger generation. Imagine this like "rainbow" dream is feasible.
Those who wish to build a pool in the country with their own hands, we offer a number of proven methods of its organization. You will learn how to make temporary and permanent option. Be able to compare which method is easier to implement for you personally, it is more acceptable for the price and method of the device.
In the present article there are clear answers to all your questions. Thoroughly dismantled construction technology. Given valuable advice to determine the best place for the pool, the choice of optimal type of material for the construction of the cup, on the implementation of waterproofing and finishing.
The content of the article:
- Options for summer swimming facilities
- Tips for Choosing a place for the pool
For instructions on device pools
- Embodiment # 1 - polypropylene and glass fiber
- Option # 2 - in-situ concrete
- Option # 3 - from wooden boards
- How to elevate the area around the pool?
- Methods of water purification and filtration
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Options for summer swimming facilities
To carry out the construction of suburban pool to even an inexperienced master. It is only necessary to follow the construction technology of the chosen design.
But first you need to choose a suitable location for a swimming facility and its type. Not every site will make a big pond to swim for long distances or jumping from a three-meter springboard.
Build a pool in the country with a warm roof structure is expensive and difficult to swim all year round, but the variant with a light shelter of polycarbonate
Structurally, bath pools, you can:
- Recessed into the ground. pools bowl installed in a pit, it may be ceramic, fiberglass, concrete monolith constructed of foam blocks or bricks.
- With the installation surface. It structures for temporary use, are framed (collapsible) or inflatable. For their installation requires smooth rammed or poured concrete pad.
cup form they can be circular, rectangular, oval or complex geometry. The simplest option - it is near the swimming baths in a large barrel. But to call this building a full-fledged swimming pool complex.
For the device in the country often choose an outdoor swimming pool in a stationary or mobile performance.
Both versions are due to the absence of the roof to use for other purposes will be possible only in the summer, but for a holiday weekend break these structures will be quite enough. their device does not require too serious investment and is simple enough for self-fulfillment.
It is much more difficult with their own hands to build an indoor pool. For it is necessary to order a full building project as an extension to the country house with piping installation and maintenance of equipment, ventilation basin and heating.
If the site is not protected, and in the winter to the country visited by the owners occasionally, then build a similar structure is irrational.
Inflatable structures are inexpensive and fast to install, but any sharp object can quickly turn them into useless rags
To perform the finishing of walls and bottom stationary inside the pool is used:
- PVC film.
- Mosaic or tile.
Thick film of polyvinyl chloride is used as a frame or monolithic structures. And the other materials in the device only the stationary structures with partial or complete penetration into the ground.
Construction of stationary pool recessed into the ground requires prior calculation and design. Driving the overflow option will tell you how to make the project
Bowls made of composite fiberglass manufactured at the factory. The size and configuration of the product than not limited. The same applies to the cast polypropylene version.
In an industrial scale produced modular PVC panels, which are assembled with the installation of the pool bath right on the site. From a set of panels will perform a pool of almost any size and shape.
Ready-bath basins are available in monolithic and prefabricated form. Device for temporary installations is better to choose the design team. If the bowl will be installed in the pit, it is better to choose a monolithic ceramic, PVC or fiberglass tub
Tips for Choosing a place for the pool
Arranges construction must on the one hand to decorate suburban area, and on the other not to spoil the soil thereon. Water splashing out of the pool - it is inevitable.
Excessive humidity can quickly turn the territory of the manor in the swamp, killing all the trees and planting around its own artificial pond.
Optimal conditions for the hydro-stationary devices - malovlazhnogo sands with ground water level does not rise above 2.5 - 3 m between abundant precipitation. However, such a situation - a rarity, because swimming baths waterproofing not only from the inside but also on the outside to protect against groundwater
The less around shrubs and trees around, the better. The lack of shading from the crown - a more rapid heating of water. Plus, their roots will reach to moisture, inevitably crushing in its path side of the pool.
In this case, it is necessary to equip as close to the "source" of water - the tap or natural pond.
Location near the house has a lot of advantages: no need to pull the far communication, good view from the window, all at your fingertips
If space allows local area, bathing suit right outside the house, and after being parked wooden shed and install windows
It is ideal for those who like to walk and space. An alternative to the lawn area are of stone blocks and wooden scaffolding
Beautiful option, but has disadvantages: a distant location and frequent cleaning of fallen leaves and other debris
The place was chosen in the immediate vicinity of the house
Pool under the closed canopy
Installing prizvedena away from home - in the middle of the lawn
Pool is an element of landscape design in the garden
The ideal soil for the device pool at the cottage - clay. It will act as an additional waterproofing layer, created by nature itself. However, it mostly concerns a monolithic structure, frame version can be installed on any type of soil.
platform size for the pool depends on the personal preferences of the host garden. Someone needed one track 2,5h5 meters for swimming in the mornings, while others require a small pond with a "beach" for the placement of deck chairs.
The optimal depth is considered to be 1.4-1.5 meters. However, for small children to make the best cup finer. And if the plans to put the next hill or diving board, it should on the contrary be recessed by at least 2.5-3 m.
For instructions on device pools
After determining the location of a stationary pool at their summer cottage is necessary to draw a plan with wiring Communications facilities and precise dimensions and layout of equipment for water circulation and cleaning.
Excavate without prior planning and marking on the ground can not. The case is time-consuming, by throwing several times from place to place large amounts of soil desire to build something with their own hands will be gone for long.
The depth of the pit dug 30 centimeters larger than it created in the bowl. This space is filled with a sand cushion and the waterproofing layer from the top, to which the device can use the geotextile or roofing material.
Waterproofing is necessary to lay a solid web. Bitumen web materials stacked with overlapping and joined by welding or gluing polypropylene burner suitable mastic composition. Geotextile cloth glued bilateral adhesive tape.
We encourage you to read the detailed instructions for the implementation of pool waterproofing with his own hands.
Embodiment # 1 - polypropylene and glass fiber
Mounting composite or polypropylene cup can significantly accelerate the process device on the pool cottage. It was created in the workshop and in the already finished product is delivered to the site.
Recommendations for the Development
Applicable in the manufacture of materials resistant to mechanical abrasion and water.
The finished bowl of fiberglass or polypropylene does not require additional finishing inside, it suffices to arrange in the trench and along a side reinforcing layer
When the intense heat in the sun polypropylene sides and bottom may begin to "float". This material has a tendency to expand at high temperatures. As a result, the surface of the bowl is slightly waves. However, when the midday scorching heat subsides, it regains its shape.
Unlike polypropylene fiberglass composite is more resistant to heat, but is much more expensive than the first option. Otherwise, they are almost identical in characteristics. Installation of the basin bowls are also produced by the same technology.
Process basin device via the finished bath comprises several stages: 1 - excavation device and enhancing its bottom; 2 - Installation of the bowl; 3 - strengthening walls; 4 - site improvement
An apparatus for giving pool of these materials is as follows:
- At the bottom of the excavation as a base concrete slab is poured in a thickness of 25-30 cm from the solution with cement mark is not lower than the M300.
- After setting bowl mounted communication and reinforcement layer of steel or fiberglass rods 6-8 mm in cross section.
- Inside the bath installed struts, and it is partially filled with water.
- The space between the edge of the bowl and the wall of the pit is filled with concrete mortar.
- After solidification of the concrete edge of the pool is made arrangement and decoration of the adjacent territory.
Another variant arrangement polypropylene basin - is the use of sheets of polymeric material of 8 mm thickness.
In this case, the cup can create any size and shape. The main thing is to properly connect sheets welding. To do this will need to purchase or rent a special welding extruder and heat gun.
If the bowl of glass or polypropylene selected small, it is possible to dispense with the reinforcement and concrete is poured, it will be enough to fill it from the outside with gravel and compacted soil after filling
If cottage situated in a cold region, the pipes in the ground, and the bottom wall of the bowl is recommended before pouring concrete polystyrene insulate thickness of a few centimeters in case of poor water drainage from the system before conservation.
However, the heat insulation can not be considered a measure of surely protecting the polymeric wall and underground branch conduit of breakthroughs when water freezes. It is better to completely release it from the system before hibernation.
Installation of plastic and fiberglass pools the construction of the engine room for the service will consist of two stages. Let us consider them in more detail below.
The first phase - installation of the pool in the pit and connecting lines and fittings.
Swimming pool - quite a large object occupying much space, so to dig the pit shovels and wheelbarrows enough. You need to rent equipment - such as a mini-excavator
After removal of the soil from the trench bottom to equip sand-gravel bed and then poured concrete foundation. To use reinforcement stiffness
After setting the ground (metal parts) in the filler spread in a single layer pane thermally insulating material
Next to the pool decided to equip (as in the ground), the engine room, which will install the equipment and where will be the water tank maintenance
All actions for the delivery and installation are made with the help of construction machinery: trucks and manipulators. But accurate setting adjustment must be done by hand
Before installing drain elements backlight nozzles and skimmers is necessary to align the cup to the position calculated in the design documentation
After mounting fittings connect with the front side of the device from the bottom side - mainly it is a pipe for supplying / water drainage piping and nozzles al.
Filling a mixture of soil and cement should begin tying field full bowl. Under the additional steps set backups of cinder block
Step 1 - Earthworks: excavation excavator
Step 2 - The concrete base under the bowl pool
Step 3 - Installation of insulation on top of the screed
Step 4 - The construction of the engine room for the equipment
Step 5 - Delivery and installation of the bowl into the pit
Step 6 - Setting the pool in the design position
Step 7 - Connecting pipes and installation accessories
Step 8 - Backfill excavation
The next stage - the construction of a protective pavilion and connecting service equipment pool.
Through the holes in the wall of the engine room paved highway to the nozzles, bottom drain, skimmer, counter-current, heating and control pnevmoknopki
Sand filter pump required for a regular water decontamination. They are connected to the pool by means of plastic pipes with fittings and valves
Backflow pump is an option, which creates the effect of a strong current pool
When all the equipment is installed and connected, you need to check the quality of the filtration, the operation of all pumps for leaks, the readings
If the beach area trim is not made, before mounting rails should make a strong and level surface, and then mark it
Install the rails important accuracy, the maximum error - no more than 0.5 mm, or dome jam. The rails are fixed to the dowel-nails
The factory acquired the dome in a completely finished form for installation, you must remove the film and establish a section into place
At least the locking knob and set caps on the rails. Produce testing - shift section of the guide. If the move is free - the installation is correct
Step 1 - Connecting the mains water supply
Step 2 - Installation of the filter group
Step 3 - Install backflow pump
Step 4 - Testing for the pool equipment
Step 5 - Preparation of the base under the rails
Step 6 - Mounting rails for dome
Step 7 - Installation of the dome sections
Step 8 - Installation and testing accessories
Thanks to the transparent dome of the pool can be used in open and closed doors in any weather.
On our website, there are other materials dedicated to servicing equipment for swimming pools. We suggest you familiarize yourself with them:
- How to choose a pump for the swimming pool: a comparative review of various designs
- Heat pump for the pool: selection criteria + installation rules
- How to make a sand filter for the pool with their hands: a step by step instruction
Option # 2 - in-situ concrete
This method basin devices for giving provides shuttering installation for forming concrete bottom and skirting, followed by lining the bottom and their mosaic or tile. Concrete is used with the same composition as in the embodiment with a polypropylene cup.
First, create a "floor" of the future pool. To do this, in the trench stacked in two layers of reinforcement with a mesh of 15-20 cm. Then, the resulting structure mounted within communication to drain the water. Pouring concrete solution is made so that the floor has turned with a slight slope to the drain.
Concrete wall of the pool may be protected from water or PVC film pie waterproofing membrane and tile or mosaic facings
After hardening of concrete at the perimeter of the bowl is mounted fixture for wall and mounted formwork for casting them. All of a resulting concrete surface is subjected to a waterproofing bituminous mastic or similar lubricative material.
More best kinds of waterproofing materials we examined in this article.
If bumpers turned rough, they have plastered with reinforcing mesh. It can be made of metal, but it is better to take the more expensive composite polymeric materials. The latter is more expensive, but from moisture it is not exactly begin to rust.
Without mesh leveling layer of plaster in buildings under construction will not last long. Energy shock waves from a passing man inevitably and quickly destroy it.
Decorate formed cup cottage pool, you can:
- PVC film;
The decorative layer should not only decorate the basin structure, but also reliably protect the concrete against water.
If at this stage to fake and make mistakes, then concrete pool will soon have to overhaul. In some cases it will be necessary to disassemble all ruffled design, and then again all to fill.
The sides and bottom of monolithic basin can be performed without the use of the concrete formwork by spraying, but it requires a certain skill and special equipment
The easiest way to perform the decoration of bowls with PVC film. It need only to spread and spread, and then solder the individual patches into a single sealed web. On the steps to use a film with a smooth surface, otherwise they will get too slippery.
Using tile decorative materials to create a suburban swimming pool a more attractive appearance. But to carry out such a lining with their own hands is much more difficult. And it is extremely important for the adhesive to take only water-resistant grades, and grout only with antifungal additives.
Option # 3 - from wooden boards
For the manufacture of wooden pool in the country need bars 60x60 mm and planed board thickness of 30 mm. The construction will be in the form of an octagon. To get started you want to knock down eight boards height of bowl depth.
All wood should be treated with antiseptics, or pool from the timber during the summer will have to do for the new multiple times
Wooden basin structure can be partially bury in the ground or simply put it on the ground. In the first case, the bottom is best accomplished by the classical scheme with digging a shallow excavation, laying the reinforcement and concrete pouring. A second will be able to dispense whipped close to each other with thick planks.
After assembling all boards into a single structure in them should do the necessary technological openings. Then the thicket fit PVC film for waterproofing. At the end of the work can only set the ladder and elevate the upper edge of the boards.
In addition to the above three embodiments cottage pool can be built of bricks or blocks of polystyrene with pouring concrete within them, as well as plastic bottles or large size tires. A lot of ways, the choice here depends on the wishes of the host garden and its financial capabilities.
How to elevate the area around the pool?
The main thing in the design of the basin structures in the country - it shapes and colors of the cup. Intricate shapes with curves always attract the eye.
A swimming pool to visually look deeper than it actually is, the inner surface should be made white. In this adjacent zone must fulfill the contrary in dark shades of brown.
Towering above ground pool frame with a small playground near surrounded by a garden does not look as bulky as alone in an open area
For decorating adjacent to the pool area is sufficient to place a number of garden figurines and flower pots. Planted any ornamental plants directly into the pool, in the case of an artificial pond, it is strictly prohibited.
Purified water is chlorine totally unsuitable for their growth, and to bathe in the "bush" is not too convenient.
Paving the territory of the suburban area around the pool it is recommended to:
- Decking (decking board);
- moisture resistant wood species;
- stone blocks with a rough surface.
Also close we must not forget to equip a relaxation area with deck chairs, garden furniture and a small gazebo. If a family has children, it does not hurt near a children's playground.
And all the furniture, sports equipment and even a gazebo can be assembled with his own hands, using crop residues and plastic pipes. The best ideas how to make a stylish and useful homemade products from pipes see here.
As a finishing touch, mount lighting to relax by the pool was not only the day but also at night and at night under the stars.
Popular options for everything the area around the pool:
The pool is part of a large recreation area, where you can drink tea, soak up the sun or just chat with your friends
Paving stones, artificial and natural stone, tiles are often used for landscaping adjacent to the swimming pool
Tile, which laid out a plot of land in the lawn, making it more practical to use
Cozy oriental corner, and designed to rest on soft couches, and a dip in the cool water
Wooden boards, treated against moisture, - are not uncommon in the design of the pool, but the furniture is not suitable for any climate
Natural stone, clear water and the seaside scenery - the perfect environment for a good rest
The location of some facilities in the suburban areas adjacent to each other has its advantages
More romantic version of the pool - with rockeries, waterfalls and even a wooden bridge
for swimming and recreation area
Traditional paving stones framing the pool
Landscape composition of the tiles and lawn
Patio in oriental style
Wooden platform and upholstered furniture
Familiar design pool in the southern regions
The proximity of the summer kitchen and the pool
Pool design as part of the composition
Methods of water purification and filtration
Visible debris as possible should be removed quickly by hand using a garden truant. To get rid of the stains the walls should be cleaned occasionally with a brush. And also to get rid of dust and dirt, you can use a special vacuum cleaner for the pool.
Popular models among customers to clean the pool we reviewed in another article - click on a link to read the Ten of the best vacuum cleaners.
All this does not obviate the need to cleanse the water, but will significantly reduce the risk of blooming. Simply do to change it once a week using the judges for watering the garden. However, this is not always possible.
Bath basin skimernogo type must be equipped with a skimmer, pump and filter installation, but in the country it is rarely done because of the high cost of installation and maintenance of this equipment
Clear water in the outdoor pool, you can use filters:
More information about the types of pool filters and rules to select the best addressed in other our article.
Water will also have to handle chlorine, active oxygen and bromine. This treatment will need water only if it is too long has not changed in the suburban pool or was taken from a natural body of water. In its centralized water supply system and so is subjected to chemical decontamination.
If you are in the country is no centralized water supply, be more familiar with the means to water purification.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Construction technology of concrete structures:
How to equip a pool with their hands in the country:
Installation of polypropylene bowls:
Technology independent device suburban swimming pool - it is quite time-consuming, but not too complicated.
If desired, all the work will perform with his own hands, construction costs the least money. It is only necessary to choose the most suitable portion of its embodiment.
You want to build on the country site pool and are considering options? Or if you have any questions considered in this article, the instructions? Ask for advice in the comments section - we will try to clarify in detail the difficult moment.
Or maybe you're already using dacha pool, homemade? Tell us how much time you spent on the construction and what materials you used. And the best - share a photo of their pool by attaching it in the comments to this article.