time need to use varieties of different ripening period. It is especially important to know the varietal characteristics when sowing vegetables in the last turn, in order to get a crop before the onset of cold weather. When growing in protected soil, use a non-streaked variety with high commercial quality of the fruit.
Features of Cultivation of Radish
All favorite vegetable radish belongs to the cruciferous family. It consists of three groups of plants. What we call radish belongs to the Japanese group of radishes. There are also Chinese and European radishes. Small-fruited group up to 60 grams is European. The early root crop serves as a dietary product with a large set of elements necessary for a person.
The culture from Europe was delivered by Peter I, but they appreciated radish much later. At the end of the 18th century, vegetables were recognized in Russia, although black radish was cultivated much earlier.
A cold-resistant plant is very demanding to comply with all aspects of development and only then will be early ripeness if the conditions are met:
- soil fertility;
- temperature regime at the stages of development;
- illumination and day length;
- proper watering and loosening the soil.
Only compliance with all requirements will allow to get a good harvest of root crops. The most important condition is the use of the best varieties of radish.
Favorite varieties of radish
According to the maturity of the plant can be grouped:
- early ripening - 18-20 days;
- early maturing - up to 30 days;
- mid-season - up to 40 days;
- late ripening - more than 40 days.
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In addition, with varies in color and shape of the roots. The taste of early vegetables depends on the content of mustard oil. Juicy root can have a sharp taste and not very, and sometimes bitterness is completely invisible. Based on these characteristics, the producers select the desired seeds. Summer residents often sow several varieties interspersed in order to stretch the first vegetable before the mass supply of vitamin products to the table.
Root crop belongs to the early varieties of Dutch selection. Its main advantage is the absence of bracing during a long day. Therefore, the variety is used for planting from March to September and does not need cover at the height of summer. With good watering, the fruits of his leveled juicy round and reach 25 grams. Rosette of leaves is small, the fruits are dark red.
Vegetable belongs to the Japanese group of radishes. This is a radish, we call it a sweet radish. The value of the vegetable is that daikon can be consumed by those who are irritated by the flesh of the usual acute radish. And there are a lot of useful substances in a root crop. It contains salts of potassium, calcium. In addition, bactericidal substances of vegetables are beneficial for the digestive tract.
Fresh, uncooked and preserved daikon neutralizes the effects of radioactive contamination, some researchers say.
Culture is less capricious about nutrients in the soil. When shooting, the root vegetable retains its juiciness. Radish daikon can be of various shapes and reach 3 kg by weight of the root. Its size is impressive. Depending on the characteristics of the selection, the length of the stem daikon can be up to 60 cm.
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Rapidly gaining mid-season root crop. For gardeners, it is attractive because it almost does not have a gunner and is suitable for cultivation without shelter at the height of summer. Root crops develop quickly. Since radish with normal care reaches 50 mm in diameter, it should be sown sparse, at a distance of 10 cm between plants.
Under normal watering, radishes are very juicy with a slight bitterness. The skin is bright red, thin. The pulp of radish Duro is not flabby, remains juicy. This radish is suitable for year-round cultivation. In the offseason, it grows well in greenhouses. Root stored after removal for 30 days without loss of quality. Variety resistant to bacterial diseases.
Radishes French breakfast
Long beautiful color fruits are loved by all. Vintage growing up a bright small cylinder makes impatiently wait for the first poured finger, and lightly rinsed, immediately with a crunch to eat it. This radish is edible. Gentle not hardened leaf and asks for a salad. Housewives love variety for a convenient shape, for a delicate taste. Gardeners for simplicity and fast loading. The variety is recommended for open ground, however, summer residents often compact this greenhouse planting of tomatoes. The term of ripening radish French breakfast is not more than 25 days, the rosette of leaves is compact. The best result is obtained with early spring cultivation.
The root crop, also known as the Red Giant, is an old variety of the Far Eastern Experimental Station. The variety received a passport in 1958.Variety late maturity. It takes more than 45 days for the root crop to develop. However, this radish is worth the wait and wonder at the diversity of the plant world. At first, an inexperienced gardener can pull it out of the greenhouse in a month, since it will not find anything except for high, fragile leaves. But after a month, the root starts to fill and turn into a 15 cm long cylindrical root.
At the same time, he does not flab, does not throw out the peduncle. When compacted in the greenhouse, the first cucumbers and root crop are removed simultaneously. The most pleasant thing, during the growth of radish, you can pick leaves for salad. They are very gentle and break off easily. Root stored in the refrigerator for up to two months.
A variety that is especially popular among summer residents. Appreciate it for a delicate soft taste, for the large size of the root. This root crop is grown 35-40 days. A spindle-shaped vegetable grows 15 cm or more in length. The variety is good because the stem does not pull out during the summer. The Icing radish has been cultivated since April, the entire warm period, subsiding in two weeks. The plant tolerates the heat, does not flabby and remains juicy. The root weight of an average of 20 grams.
Many varieties of radish do not allow to describe each in detail. But every summer resident has a favorite brand that he is looking for on the shelves of stores. And let luck smile to everyone.
How to grow a good crop of radish -
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