Turnip, which we learn in childhood from Russian folk tales, needs to be able to grow. It does not always please the summer resident with its huge size and appetizing appearance. A useful root vegetable for a hapless summer resident often goes into the tops of all the plants, or because of the wormholes has an unattractive look. Therefore, the question of when to plant seeds in open ground is quite relevant.
Under the conditions of care and agrotechnics, the cultivation is available in the garden in many regions of Russia.
Table of contents
- The right time for planting turnips in open ground
after planting care The correct time for planting a turnip in an open ground
short growing season 60 - 80 days gives you two crops over the summer. The first seeding is carried out in the Moscow region in the middle of spring - April, the beginning of May. In the Urals and in Siberia, the dates are almost the same, there they plant a turnip in early May, and in early spring - in late April.
Root planted in the spring root vegetables do not store for a long time, they go for summer consumption or are used in the preparation of winter harvest. Commodity root crops are harvested at the end of June, beginning of July.
The second crop - summer , yields a crop suitable for long-term winter storage. The planting deadline is July ( first decade) in the central zone; in the northern regions( Siberia, the Urals), should conduct summer sowing in the mid-to late June .
When sown at a later date, the root crop may not form even when using early ripening varieties. It is possible to calculate the term more precisely: to subtract from the date of the expected end of the season the maturation indicated on the pack.
The best varieties for planting in the suburbs and the middle zone
In the suburbs, any variety planted at the right time will give a good harvest. Thanks to the frequent rains, the turnips in the villas near Moscow are growing excellent. For winter consumption, you can advise the old, proven variety - "Petrovskaya-1" .
Petrovskaya turnip is suitable for long-term storage .The roots are yellow with white, juicy flesh. The taste is pleasant, a little sweet. The shape of root crops is neat, flat-round. The growing season is 70-80 days.
A good variety of suburbs Geisha - perfect for summer. The root crop is juicy, tasty with white flesh and skin. Edible leaves, they contain beta carotene. Grade Plus - not .
Turnip varieties for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals
The variety Russian size is an excellent choice for Ural and Siberian summer residents. Root crops will be pleased with a large size( 2 kg), excellent classical taste and a long storage period. Sow grade Russian size at the end of June, clean after 2 - 2.5 months.
For summer consumption, the grade snow globe is ideal. Root crops are large, white, without bitterness, recommended for diet. Productivity at a grade is steadily high. The leaves can be used to make salads.
To improve the germination of seed material, to save it from possible infections in various ways:
- Bubbling of during the day.
- Use a biostimulant solution for soaking.
- Prepare an infusion of ash( tablespoon per liter), leave for 24 hours, and keep the seeds in the prepared solution for 6 hours.
- Hold seeds for 2 hours in garlic water. Garlic water protects against bacteriosis. You need to take a tablespoon of grated garlic, pour over lukewarm water( ½ cup).
- Sprout seeds in a wet wipe .Napkin constantly moisturize, periodically open for ventilation.
- Pour the seeds into a small jar, close it with a lid and put in a container with hot water( 50 degrees) for 30 minutes.
The size of the seeds is small, they are dark in color. It is difficult to sow: it is difficult to ration the number of seeds per unit area, it’s hard to see where it’s sown and where it’sn’t. Seeds can be mixed with river sand or sprinkle them with potato starch.
Preparing beds for planting in the garden
The ridge can be equipped in areas where grew tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, corn, beans. Planted after radish and cabbage can not. You can dig up the ridge in the fall, adding a standard set of fertilizers( superphosphate, potassium nitrate, humus) for digging, you can in the spring, adding additional urea.
If there is wood ash, it should certainly be added to the soil during the preparation of the ridge. Per square meter is enough 1 cup. Turnip ash responds well. Digging depth not less than 20 cm.
Fresh manure is not added to the turnip. Manure reduces the quality of root vegetables.
Technology of sowing a turnip with seeds into the ground
Coming up the day before sowing seeds, is well watered with water, spending on each square.m 2 buckets of water. Rows are marked on the ridge, observing an interval of 30 cm between them.
Seeding depth on light soils 2 cm , on heavy, clay soils - 1 cm .Powder the seeds in the grooves better sifted with compost or humus. The rate of seeds per square meter 1 g .
Conditions of post-planting care
On the 7th day the first green shoots will appear, on the 5th day, if the daytime air temperature is above 15 degrees. Emerged shoots require watering. You should not wait for high-quality root crops, if we neglect watering. With a lack of moisture, the roots will be small, not juicy, with hard pulp. Watering rate 20 l / m² .
Usually turnips often come up, after 2 - 3 weeks the shoots cost to thin .After the first procedure, a distance of 3 cm is left between the two plants. A little later, the planting will have to be thrown again. When spring sowing between two shoots, 6 cm is left, with summer, 10 cm.
The main pest of a young turnip is cruciferous flea .Pest is dangerous in the first month after germination. When pests of the ridge appear, treat with Iskra.
The second most dangerous pest of a young turnip is cabbage fly .She is frightened off from young landings by tobacco dust, shag, bitter pepper, ash. Powder ridge spend the next day after watering.
Turnips are especially good in winter. Soup with sauerkraut and turnip is an original Russian dish that will satisfy even a gourmet. Growing healthy roots for the winter is not difficult, the main thing is to water them in time.