Sweet pepper is a heat-loving, annual plant bred in America. Appreciated for its unique taste and high content of vitamins .In the article we will look at the early, middle and late ripening varieties, describe the hybrids, and offer varieties for stuffing.
- Early varieties of pepper to the open ground
- Big Mama
- Peppers for Siberia
- Golden Calf
- Sweet chocolate
- varieties for the suburbs
- Gold Medal
- Winnie the Pooh
- Best hybrid varieties
- Marinkin tongue
- Description of the best late varieties of pepper
- Yellow bell
- Thick large-fruited varieties
- White Gold
- Siberian format
- Queen of
- Top peppers for stuffing and processing
Early varieties of pepper to the open ground
Early called varieties, allow for a short period( 70-120 days) get a high yield .Most species can be grown in unprotected soil. Description and characteristics of the best varieties are presented below.
Fruits are large( 200g), of rectangular warm orange color. A shrub in a greenhouse can grow to 1 m, in unprotected soil - 50-70 cm .Excellent taste and fresh, and after heat treatment.
Medium-sized plants, with fruits having the shape of a regular pyramid. When biological ripening, they are dark red in color, with juicy dense pulp .Peppers large-fruited, thick-walled.
Medium ripeness varieties include those which grow during the growing season from 110 to 130 days .This species is characterized by the duration of fruiting.
A variety characterized by high seed germination. Fruits are cone-shaped, red. Length of ripe pepper Swallow up to 10 cm .At the same time, the bush is small, about 50 cm.
Tall variety with a rather large crop. Fruits Atlas large( 400g), sweet, rich red color, thick-walled( 1 cm). Peppers grow to 20 cm long .Resistant to diseases.
Sweet pepper for Siberia
Sweet pepper comes from hot countries, he likes a warm temperate climate. But even in such a harsh region, as in Siberia, you can grow peppers and get a great harvest. There are many varieties for the cold climate zone. What to use in this area? Summers in Siberia are short, so it is better to use early or medium early peppers. The most common among them are the following:
Early variety with a low bush( up to 50 cm). Vegetables have the shape of a cylinder, dark yellow in color when ripening .The thickness of the pulp 5-8 mm.
New variety bred in Siberia. Resistant to cold, grows well in unprotected soil. Strong shrub, up to 60 , see Ripe red vegetable, large. The thick wall of the pulp tastes sweet, juicy.
A medium early crop, well adapted for cultivation in Siberia. Bushes of medium height. Fruits of orange color, glossy, cubical form .The wall of vegetable flesh is very thick, up to 20 mm.
Unusual due to its color. The fruit is dark brown, while the flesh inside is red .Pepper is very juicy and sweet in taste, perfect for preservation.
Varieties for the Moscow Region
For the volatile climate of the Moscow region, varieties that are resistant to sudden changes in temperature should be selected. Popular among gardeners are the following:
High Yield, can grow in unprotected soil. Shrubs high( up to 1 m). Fruits are straight, long( up to 13 cm) with an average wall thickness.
Belozerka resistant to climate change, has a high yield. On low bushes( 50-80 cm), small cones of the form are formed. The color changes from light green to red by the end of ripening.
Winnie the Pooh
Bushes are low, suitable even for the smallest greenhouses. Winnie the Pooh grows well in open field. Fully ripen in 100 days. Fruits are small( 10 cm), smooth, have the shape of a sharp cone. The color of ripe pepper is bright red, the wall thickness of the pulp is 6 mm.
Medium early variety( 95-100 days).It has an unusual flat shape resembling a pumpkin. Bushes are tall, strong( up to 1 m). Fruits are thick-walled, fleshy, dark green at the beginning of ripening, rich red at biological maturity. It has an interesting sweet-hot taste, good both fresh and after heat treatment.
The best hybrid varieties
Seeds of hybrid varieties are not suitable for further planting. Therefore, breeding material will have to buy every year. But such qualities as high resistance to diseases, yield and impressive size of fruits force gardeners to buy seeds of hybrid plants from year to year.
Medium height plant, with rather large fruits( up to 200 g) long elongated .The taste is sweet, very pleasant, but the shelf life of these peppers is not large.
Incredibly high yield - on one bush can grow more than 50 peppers! The shape of the fruit is cone-shaped, the wall is not thick. The bright red fruit is ideal for processing.
Classic representative of culture. Large fruits of bright red color, very juicy and fragrant .It is widely used for blanks and as part of fresh snacks and salads.
Description of the Best Late-Ripe Pepper Varieties
Most suitable for southern latitudes, since they require 140-150 days with good weather to fully ripen.
Short, has many large fruits. Hercules red ripe peppers with thick, juicy pulp.
Medium-height plant( up to 75 cm) with large fruits of yellow-orange color when ripe. The shape resembles an inverted bell .It has a thick wall of flesh and a great fresh taste.
Bogatyr is not afraid of open ground. Bushes are small, with large fruits. Mature pepper cuboid shape of a bright red color with juicy pulp , has a wonderful taste and aroma.
High-yielding, plant tall( up to 80 cm) with a large number of spherical fruits .The flesh is very juicy and sweet. The color changes from deep green to bright red.
Thick-walled large-fruited varieties
The wall thickness and size of the fruit for most gardeners is a decisive factor when choosing seeds. Thick-walled are peppers with a flesh thickness of 6mm. These varieties are great for canning, drying and freezing.
Can be planted in open ground. The plant is low, with very large yellow fruits( up to 450 g) .Peppers have a cuboid shape.
Mid-season, very large peppers grow on tall and powerful bushes. The size of the fruit grown in the greenhouse can reach 500 g !
Yielding, the fruit of a small size( up to 200g) has a thick ruby-red flesh. Perfectly transfers long shipments.
The best peppers for stuffing and processing
The ideal use of pepper in food is stuffing it. To do this, usually use a flat, small peppers of the same size. Among the early ones, the following can be mentioned: Lyubava, Divo, Golden Miracle, Banana, Marinkin tongue. Among mid-season : Antey, New Russian, Stepashka.
For drying, suitable long and elongated fruits .Perfect for this Sabelka and Wonderful Paprika. You can dry them in the open air.
Fleshy thick-walled varieties are ideal for preservation. And if you take a few multicolored peppers, the harvest will come out not only delicious, but also beautiful. Perfectly suitable for canning: Avant-garde, Adept, Bogdan, Ideal, Lilac Bell, Chocolat beauty, Amber.
Bulgarian pepper is an extremely useful, tasty and beautiful vegetable. It is grown in regions with different climatic conditions - Siberia, Moscow region, Donbass, Crimea and others. Due to the bright variety of colors and juicy fresh taste, there is always a place on the festive table. And in filling with vitamins, pepper is the leader among other vegetables. Eating just one pepper a day can replenish the daily supply of vitamins C and E. Sweet pepper is called "beauty vegetable", because eating it improves the skin and strengthens the hair. Pepper is also useful for eyes, due to the high content of beta-carotene.