or unusual daisy. Thus appears before amateur coroder growers Coreopsis one-year. From Latin, the name of the flower translates bizarrely - "the fruit of the bug".In appearance, glossy seed boxes resemble these insects.
The plant is notable for its extraordinary vitality. Frost and drought, wind and partial shade is transferred to them without significant losses. Gardeners have fallen in love with this variety of the Astrovykh for its unpretentious care and luxurious flowering, which has fascinated the owners for almost 5 months. In June, the bush blooms, and at the first frost drops buds.
By tradition, Coreopsis is grown from seeds. How to plant a crop will be explained after a brief description of the most popular varieties.
Light, drained and nutritious soils are suitable for the annual. When dehydrated, the plant does not die, but simply ceases to bloom.
In contrast to perennials, coreopsis is one-year-old( another name for “girl's eyes” or gypsy ”) belongs to the dwarf group. At the same time, it blooms for 2 months longer than its “relatives”.The maximum height of the stem is 30–50 cm, and that of the undersized is 15–25 cm. Of the 70 varieties of the Aster family, only ten are cultivated.
If possible, the bush is cut after flowering at a distance of 10-15 from the root collar. As a result, the stalk rejects the buds. So you can enjoy the "sunny glade" until late autumn.
Dyeing - natural dye
The seeds of the girls' eyes are soaked for 24 hours in water in water, which becomes yellow. This is one of the reasons why the plant got its name.
The water treatment helps to increase the growth of the branching stem. Although it is thin, but still elastic enough to reach up to 100 cm in height. In the root bundle is concentrated most of the leaves. Then they are arranged alternately. Lush inflorescences of coriopsis dye are presented in the form of lush baskets up to 5 cm in diameter. Petals have jagged edges and variegated color. It can be either fiery yellow or dark red. It all depends on the variety:
- Crimson King. Spectacular carmine flowers with dark brown stripes / patches. The shrub grows to 30 cm.
- "Red Tiger" or "Bengal Tiger".On the bright yellow petals loom red spots with jagged edges. Plant height - 15-20 cm.
- "Golden Severin".Large orange flowers( 4 cm in diameter) adorn the stunted stems( 20 cm).
- Gold Tepich. Inflorescences are amber-yellow in color. The width of umbrellas can be up to 5 cm.
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When growing coreopsis of one-year seed, particular attention is paid to watering. Irrigation planting only if the soil is completely dry. With regular and heavy rainfall, this is not necessary. Culture does not tolerate excess fertilizer. A small amount of compost is brought in the spring or autumn in the period of violent flowering. Feeding is carried out immediately after trimming.
In order for the bush to be lush and densely blossomed, it is necessary to clean it from wilted / dried leaves as well as processes. Due to the loosening of the soil, the roots are saturated with sufficient oxygen.
Roulette is not at all Russian roulette
A special place in the garden is given to another type of annual dyeing - Coriopsis Corulet. He is elegant and gorgeous, able to surprise even the experienced grower. Its petals are painted in rich scarlet color. Their ribbed edges elegantly fit into any exterior of the garden. Moreover, refined umbrellas( diameter - 7 cm) have another row of thinned petals. These narrow yellow antennae are the highlight of the roulette variety. To create a paradise near them planted:
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Such an assortment creates an original glade, over which 50-centimeter “gypsy” towers. The peculiarity of this variety is that it grows quickly enough, is not afraid of drought and cooling. The best way to grow coreopsis roulette is from seed. Sowing is carried out either in late autumn for the winter( October), or in the spring, as soon as the snow melts.
Planting depth is 0.5-1 cm. The first shoots in the form of 2-3 leaves must be thinned.
Drummond - always in fashion
The height of the culture is 40-60 cm. Coreopsis flowers are distinguished by their large size and yellow color with a shaggy heart of burgundy color. It can be both wide and narrow. Corrugated petals in the form of a tongue look elegant on elegant stems. The leaves of a pale green culture resemble the feathers of a firebird. The flowering period begins in July and lasts until October.
Many gardeners will appreciate one of the varieties of Drummond - "Airy Sunrise".Coreopsis terry fascinates at first sight. His hairy flower botanists associate with the rising sun. Luxurious bunches consist of many petals that have embossed edges and different lengths. Such a spectacular "cloud" creates a charming atmosphere in the evening garden. In the light rays of the flower bed is poured with amber paints.
As they sow, then
rises. Early varieties are planted in open ground in March or in April. The distance between individual specimens is 20-30 cm. Before this, you should well loosen the ground. It is desirable that she was a little wet. The place should be cozy, without drafts.
Some flower growers successfully practice growing seedlings. This method is especially relevant for areas where the summer is short and cool. Boxes filled with soil substrate. At a distance of 5 cm place the seeds, slightly pressing into the ground. Then sprinkle with a thin layer of sand mixed with the soil, and watered. You can use peat tablets, each planting a few grains. For safe germination capacity cover with film or glass. When the emergence of shoots cut off the weakest. Active growth is impossible without the right climatic conditions:
- seedlings are placed on a window sill or in a well-lit warm room;
- is sprayed regularly, watering as needed;
- periodically air the room;
- harden seedlings 14 days before planting( take out a box of seedlings for fresh air and sun every day).
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The photo shows the planting and care of Coreopsis flowers. It is important to know that the shelter is removed when 1-2 shoots appear. Planting seedlings in separate tanks should be when full-fledged leaves form( 2-3 large ones will appear).
Carry girl's eyes into the open ground with an earthy ball, then the roots will remain intact. Well make 2 times more than the root system.
Care - a step towards plant development
Watering, pruning and fertilizers are important steps in crop care. As noted earlier, the bush needs plenty of irrigation only during the dry summer period. It is necessary to loosen only wet soil, while removing weeds. Although annual varieties are extremely resistant to diseases, they are sometimes affected by rust, as well as viral and fungal diseases. Therefore, leaves with bloom are cut off immediately, and the whole shrub is treated with some kind of fungicide. If signs of damage reappear, the plant is removed from the site along with the roots. In the fight against aphids used insecticides.
Coreopsis annual - an excellent decoration flower beds. Even in cloudy and rainy weather, these flowers will resemble a majestic and mighty sun.
Sun-loving Coreopsis at the cottage - video