- №1. Drafting
- №2. Preparation for repair
- No. 3. Rough finishing
- №4. Fine finishing
- №5. Furniture and decor
- In conclusion
The peculiarity of the hallway is that it is being repaired in the last place, since it is illogical to carry construction materials and garbage through the already renovated premises. Often after a tedious and time-consuming finishing of all rooms of the apartment for the repair of the hallway, there is no strength left, no money left. This is a critical mistake, because the hallway is considered to be the visiting card of the apartment. That is why it is so important to plan the repair work in the whole apartment and in particular in the hallway in advance. Easierimmediately highlight all the steps of repairing the hallway, determine what it should be in the end, in order to get the desired result.
Any important task involves drawing up a plan of action, and when it comes to repairs, thenThe existence of a clear order of actions is a necessity and a pledge of a successful outcome
To make a plan for the future hallway, you need to measure its dimensions, know the distance from the walls to the doorways and other nuances of the room. All this should be transferred to paper on a scale or put the data in a special program. Now you can start moving the necessary pieces of furniture according to the plan and experimenting until the result is not to your liking. It is more convenient to use special applications, since you can see the result in three-dimensional space right away. If your strength and desire is clearly not enough to plan the interior and organize the space of the hallway, you can turn to specialists.
When creating an anteroom plan istake into account some of the nuances of this room. This is in most cases a lack of natural light, a small area and, of course, a permanent negative impact: dirt, sand, moisture from the street, swings temperatures, etc. That is why it is unnecessary to overload the hallway furniture and decor - there should be a minimum of necessary items so that the households can calmly move. In the finish it is better to use light colors, help out the wardrobes with mirrored doors. The owners of spacious halls can afford complete freedom in the organization of the hall space.
The completed design project should be as detailed and detailed as possible, and on its basis the necessary building materials are determined, estimates are made, the repair stages and their sequence. At the main stages, we will stop.
№2. Preparation for repair
When the entire apartment is under repair, it is unlikely that there is anything in the hallway of the furniture, but still it is not superfluous to recall thatfirst thing is to take out of it all. Now it's the dirtiest process -demolition work. Ifwallswere trimmed with wallpaper, then you can remove them with a spatula, and in case of difficulties - pre-wet the wallpaper a little. With paint, the situation is more complicated: you may need a solvent or a building hair dryer. However, if the painted surfaces of walls or ceiling are even and without any defects, then depending on the future finish, the paint layer can be left untouched. As for thefloor covering, then the laminate and linoleum enough to simply dismantle yourself, but with the tile will have to tinker. It is important to correctly assess the condition of the flooring and if it is still quite normal, then it's better just to lay the floor for the time of repair with a film.
Often, small hallways are combined with a neighboring room,tearing down the septum. This is done at this stage of the repair, but permission for such work should be taken long before that. If necessary, at this stage, also install and install partitions, arches and other elements.
Overhaul, as a rule, also provides forreplacement of electrical wiring. If this is necessary, at this stage of repair, the walling of the walls is performed, which is necessary for safety and aesthetics. By this time it is already important to know the plan for lighting the hallway and placing the sockets in it, so that later Avoid using extension cords and laying wires over the surface of walls - all this will not add beauty and neatness.
No. 3. Rough finishing
It all starts withwall alignment, because their ideal surface is already half the success. Gypsum plasters are often used, which have a number of advantages. It is worth noting that they will not dry very quickly, and at this time it is better not to proceed to the subsequent stages of work. It is desirable to apply the plaster in a single layer, since when applying the second one, it is necessary to wait for the complete drying of the first one. After that it would be nice to primer the surface. Instead of plaster, many use a putty, which after drying is sanded with sandpaper.
The long and dirty process of leveling walls can be simplified by using drywall sheets for this. But this decision is not suitable for all hallways, because their area is often so tiny, and nobody will want to reduce it due to the construction under drywall. This option is great for owners of spacious hallways.
Align Ceiling Surfaceit is also necessary, because a frequent solution to its finish is painting. The exception is tension and suspension structures that hide the surface of the main ceiling, and therefore to achieve an ideal flatness and the absence of any defects is not so important. To smooth the ceiling, a gypsum solution is often used, which after drying is cleaned and primed.
If the floor has differences in heights, then its surface must be leveled.Cement-sand screedIt is used when everything is absolutely bad, and in some cases it is more appropriate to use a self-leveling screed, which is easy to do on its own. Beforehand, the floor surface must be thoroughly cleaned from dust, dirt, grease stains, primed, and only then proceed to prepare the mortar. Following the instructions on the package, it is not difficult to do this, and when pouring the floor, it must be ensured that the thickness of the screed is not less than 5 mm.
After carrying out these works, you can proceedreplacement of doors, if provided. When the new door leafs are mounted, it is better to cover them with a film so that they do not get dirty or damaged during finishing.
№4. Fine finishing
To fit out the hallway and select the materials are very responsible: the room every day takes a serious blow when households and pets bring dirt, moisture and sand from the street. All materials must be resistant to such effects, easy to care for, but still cute.
Acceptedto begin a fair finish from a ceiling, because otherwise the finish coating of walls and floor will drip drops of paint or plaster when decorating the ceiling. The most common way to organize a ceiling space ispaint it: a lot of shades, the price of materials is low, you can manage on their own. Less common, but still used to decorate the ceilingwallpaper and polystyrene tiles. An interesting option isdecorative plaster, but almost nobody uses whitewash.Mirror Tileswill make the hallway more and bring in it a highlight, but more often usedglossy stretch ceilings, having reflectivity, and alsosuspended gypsum board structures. In the last two versions it is possible to equip a unique lighting system.
If the ceiling is not so often suffers from falling drops of dirt on it, thenThe walls take a huge blow. In order not to repeat repairs often, use the most practical materials. itwashable paints, decorative plasters, which can not be scratched, and some types of wallpaper, incl.wall paper, liquid, quartz wallpaperand washable vinyl. One of the most durable and reliable options for the hallway is thedecorative rock, you can also use MDF panels. Excellent shows itself andceramic tile, but this option will fit well not in every interior style.
The best option for finishing the floor is a tile or a combination of it with another material.So, near the threshold, you can use ceramic tiles, and in the rest of the hallway - laminate or even parquet. An alternative to tile -porcelain stoneware, the operational qualities of which are so high that many even doubt the advisability of its use in the hallway. In addition, for this room you can uselinoleum, which is very easy to care for, andbulk floor, which has solid merits, but, at the same time, a high price.
Lightingcan be set at this stage. Do not forget that for the hallway it is better to provide several types of lighting: in addition to a common light source, you must use local lighting for the cabinet, mirror and other elements. Sometimes appropriate and decorative lighting.
№5. Furniture and decor
The number and size of furniture must match the parameters of the hallway. Someone can afford a few pieces of solid furniture, and still there will be enough space, but there are not so many lucky ones. Most often the hallways are small, and over the arrangement space has to think for a long time, because it is necessary organize a storage system for the most necessary things, hang a mirror and leave more space in front of him.
Of course,closet for the hallway is one of the most important elements. If you place a wardrobe, then you are incredibly lucky, otherwise you can placesmall narrow cabinet with mirrored doors. If the space is so small that even a small cabinet can not fit, thenfloor hangersor a wall plank with several hooks and a shelf. To store shoes, there are a variety of galoshes and shelves: there are so many options that it is not difficult to choose the one suitable for style and size.
As for the mirror, it is better that it was in full growth, but for a separate mirror of this size the place is not always. The way out of the situation is the glass cabinet doors or a small mirror above the chest of drawers. Do not forget to properly illuminate it and leave room for changing clothes.
It is also not bad for the hallway to provide foruseful accessories, as a stand for an umbrella, a housekeeper, a box for all sorts of small things so that they do not roll around everywhere and do not clutter up space. In the hallway there is a place fordecorative things, but there should not be too many of them. Pictures, a few photos or a vase will be enough.
Want tosave time, money and nerves when repairing in the hallway?Then without a clear plan and a sequence of actions can not do. It is better to spend a couple of days on detailed thinking of all the details and drawing up a design project, than in the course of repair to solve the arising problems.