Engage in lodges equipment internal bathrooms with drain hole will not want each. Not satisfied with the many and constant trips to the bathroom in the yard. Recent years, there is an alternative - biounitazy installed directly in the room.
Used therein fillers for peat litter can remove odor and the need for constant removal of waste. In this article we explain how to use fillers for toilets, consider their composition, as well as do a comparative review of the most popular peat fillers.
The content of the article:
- The circuit and operation principle biotoilet
- Why do you need a filler peat?
- Composition excipients for dry closets
- Advantages and disadvantages of mixtures
- Tips for calculation of peat filler
Comparison of the popular brands of peat fillers
- The mixture №1 - Kekkila (Finland)
- The mixture №2 - Piteco (Russia)
- The mixture №3 - Biolan (Finland)
- The mixture №4 - PeterPeat (Russia)
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
The circuit and operation principle biotoilet
There are many designs of dry closets: 10-liter motorized peat up to 200-liter with automatic backfilling and active ventilation system.
But the standard components of this equipment are:
- Housing with the seat.
- Lower waste container.
- Outer tank filler.
- The ventilation pipe (optional).
- mixing mechanism filler and waste.
- The hose for draining liquid fraction (optional).
The approximate scheme:
Toilet can be equipped with electric motors, fans and automation, but it increases the cost of the equipment base set several times
Biotoilet Operation is simple and clear. Initially peat mixture is filled up to the top in a special container and the tank for waste layer of 2-3 cm.
After using the toilet must turn the handle or lever mechanism internal to the reservoir with the waste was erected a further layer of peat. Toilet could have built-in electric drive, which will perform this procedure instead of a person. For more details about the principles of composting toilets and their variants can be read here.
Biotoilet advantages are:
- easy installation;
- low cost.
As you fill it with waste containers need to pull out and clean. Formed in the toilets of the biomass perfectly suitable for fertilizer garden plot of land after composting.
Peat bio-toilet - great for summer cottages which are not connected to the centralized communication networks. Easy to assemble and operate the device can be used at any point in our country
Peat cottage toilet simply assemble and install in a convenient location for operation. It does not need to connect to the water supply, it is not necessary to arrange raked or standalone sewer system for it
On a normal toilet seat for a compact site in a peat toilet is capacity. It was charged with purified and treated with a mixture of peat
Filler for holiday peat toilets poured on the bottom, then pour their waste after each visit
Inside the container, replacing the traditional tank, located in a spreader disk. Rotate the knob above the tank disc is driven - it is uniformly scatters the turf inside the storage tank peat toilet
At the rear, for a tank with a mixture of peat, the vent pipe is set which is necessary for discharging gases produced during the waste processing peat
Suburban peat toilet requires periodic emptying produced as storage capacity. The apparatus is simple and easy to disassemble and hermetically closes after withdrawal
The water released during processing, is discharged via the drain hose. It is the only channel that requires the withdrawal and discharge of the street
Perfect solution suburban problems
Assembling peat biounitaza
Peat instead of liquid for flushing waste
filler Packing for peat toilets
Drive for a uniform distribution of peat
Ventilation pipe tofyanogo toilet
Disassembly for periodic emptying
The hose for draining water from the device
Why do you need a filler peat?
People who buy the peat filler for composting toilets, do not think about the number of useful functions that perform this mixture. On the possibilities of this product you need to know everything in order to use them with maximum economic benefit and efficiency.
The main tasks of peat mixtures for composting toilets are:
- Inhibition of the development of pathogenic bacteria and insect larvae in the waste.
- Removal of unpleasant odor of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide in the bathroom.
- fluid absorption.
- Biochemical processing of organic substances bacteria.
Bacterial Additives dry mixes contain special strains of microorganisms which are processed to form human waste sludge and water. As a result, even excludes the possibility of the ammonia and hydrogen sulfide odors.
In the process bacterial activity macromolecular organic substances are processed into low molecular weight, which are an excellent substrate for natural fertilizers. Right after peat cleaning toilets the resulting biomass can not be used in the garden - it must undergo a process of composting for at least 1 year.
The use of a filler for peat toilets can significantly improve the sanitary conditions in suburban areas
Biotoilet peat introduced into the mixture quickly destroys the unpleasant smell, prevents settling bothersome flies
Processed Peat mixture of the waste can simply dig at the site, but it is best used as a valuable fertilizer for fruit trees and bushes
Processed Peat mixture of the waste can not enter directly into the ground as fertilizer immediately after emptying biotoilets. They should "have pins and needles in one's arm" in a compost pile at least 2-3 years
Improvement of sanitary conditions
Means of getting rid of odors and insects
Preparation cleaner fertilizer
Use of recycled waste in a compost
There are other, general scope of application of peat filler for dry closets.
The mixture can be used as:
- The substrate for storing root vegetables in the cellar.
- Filler toilet pots animals.
- Protection of the aerial root systems of plants in the winter.
All options are popular because of their safety.
Peat filler can sprinkle as tree trunks and stems of the flowers to retain moisture in the soil and preventing weed growth
Useful ways to use peat filler in the country a lot more than it might seem. These mixtures are not only an excellent job with the functions in the composting toilets, but can also be used for other household needs.
Composition excipients for dry closets
The problem of odor biotoilets solved using several different methods in nature. At the core of all of them is the filling capacity waste any substance.
It can be:
- Peat mixture.
- Bacterial backfill.
- Chemical powder.
- Liquid filler.
As a filler for dry closets Peat mixture of country fits best. It is significantly different from the substrate used as a solid fuel. The main task of the filler is to eliminate odors and launch the process of biochemical degradation of waste.
As part of peat mixtures for dry closets, which are represented in the market, you can find these ingredients:
- A mixture of dry peat. This ingredient absorbs moisture and odors, not allowing them to penetrate into the room bathrooms. Peat is the main part of the volume of the filler.
- Soil bacteria, trace elements and organic additives. These components are generally sold separately from peat mixtures. They are put into dry closet waste tank every few days and produce organic biomass processing into compost.
- Sawdust and grinded bark of conifers. This ingredient is perfectly absorbs moisture and odors, pleasant aroma fills the room and the bathroom makes the mixture more dense and dry.
- The mixture was dry sawdust of hardwood trees. The main function of this component - loosening of the mixture. Chopped wood is decomposed, so subsequently processed by bacteria and becomes part of the compost.
All of them are of natural origin.
Peat mixes and supplements to the peat mixtures is better to take in specialized stores, because the bacteria can be killed inside by improper temperature control
For human peat mixture, even high purity is biohazard because in its application required to observe use guide from producer
Also dry closets prefabricated peat mixtures can be used for recycling in makeshift powders-closet and cesspools
In the market for a mixture of peat toilets and foreign otechsestvennogo production. By the principle of action and efficiency, they are almost identical
Peat mixture of Russian production
Mandatory compliance with the manufacturer's instructions
Homemade peat biotoilet
Mixture for peat production domestic toilets
Some manufacturers add lime to peat, which contributes to more rapid neutralization of nuisance odors. The cause of bad odor from dry closet may be to use low-moor peat manufacturer who does not have absorption properties.
Lowland peat is almost black color, moist and lumpy. With a little moisture it loses its friability, and with it the sorption properties
Qualitative peat mixture with microorganisms not only perform the function of filler in the composting toilets, but also are excellent fertilizer to suburban area.
Advantages and disadvantages of mixtures
Before the purchase dacha biotoilet with peat fillers are advised to refer not only to the positive aspects of these compounds, but also disadvantages. Positive aspects, of course, more.
- no unpleasant odors;
- good sorption properties;
- environmental friendliness;
- the ability to use waste as a fertilizer;
- preventing proliferation of pathogens and insects;
- long shelf life mixtures thereof;
- ease of cleaning the waste tank.
Also worth mentioning is frost - the actual property for the northern regions.
After purification of the waste tank must be cleaned with a detergent to wash potentially dangerous bacteria and fungi
These advantages allow peat mixes constantly conquer new market share due to the summer toilets word of mouth.
We are not deprived of these fillers and a number of shortcomings:
- The need for continuous acquisition and delivery peat mixture.
- A broken toilet without filler.
- Limited shelf life, especially in mixtures with bacterial additives.
These shortcomings are not a problem if the region is free shipping peat mixtures or if a person has his own car, which he periodically travels to the city. Buying a 50-liter pack should last for a few months of using bio toilet.
Tips for calculation of peat filler
Uniform standards for determining the level of the peat filling flow there. Than its longer use, the less unpleasant odors, but also the financial costs at the same time will increase.
Consumption mix is important to consider when buying dry closet. If you plan to stay in the house the whole family, it is better to buy more volume of equipment that will need to be cleaned 1 time per month. When cleaning a large tank is not necessary to move its impressive construction on the street.
Portions can rake and make the waste biomass, without worrying about unpleasant odors.
For a family of three people loading 6-liter capacity for peat is enough for 2 days, so you need to refuel biotoilet spending far more than cleaning
The recommended amount of the mixture to use the toilet after each of 200-300 ml. Based on this standard, 50-liter pack should last for a month with daily use, the toilet two people. These volumes use peat filler can vary greatly, depending on the method of nutrition, weight and age of the occupants.
Comparison of the popular brands of peat fillers
The basis of all peat excipients for dry closets is peat moss, but further additives strongly affect quality of the final product. The following compositions will be discussed more popular mixtures.
The mixture №1 - Kekkila (Finland)
The company produces two types of mixtures: Kekkila and Kekkila Hajusieppo.
Kekkila Hajusieppo mixture consists of 60% high upland sphagnum peat and 40% of the dry wood chips. Packed in perforated bags of 50 liters. The whole of each package is 15 kg. The recommended ratio of the mass of waste and filler is 1: 2.
The financial benefits of good mixture of peat can be seen only after prolonged use, and the emphasis on the level of odors
Kekkila mixture consists of 60% of milled peat of sphagnum rideable low decomposition rate of 20% of the dry wood chips and another 20% of pine bark. Packed in perforated bags of 50 liters. Review of each package is 10 kg.
The recommended ratio of the mass of filler and wastes is 3: 5. Through the use of pine bark somewhat reduced moisture absorption percentage, but increases the friability and flowability of the mixture with a large amount of liquid waste. Ventilated packaging does not allow cake mixture and prevents the development of putrefactive bacteria in it.
Through the use of the dried sawdust, the moisture absorption percentage reaches fresh mixtures at 80% of their original weight. These figures increase the efficiency of the filler. Therefore, despite the price of 50-liter packaging 550-600 rubles, long-term financial costs are lower biotoilet service compared to cheaper blends.
The manufacturer is not recommended to store the product at temperatures below freezing, because it loses its sorption properties. After thawing, the characteristics of the filler recovered. In large biotoilets recommended mixing it with a view to oxygenation and prevent rotting processes.
The mixture №2 - Piteco (Russia)
Peat fillers of this company are made from Russian peat low degree of decomposition of the sphagnum group of Swedish technology. As a leavening agent added coniferous wood sawdust, as a deoxidizer - dolomite flour. Also includes accelerating the composting process enzymes and microorganisms.
This peat mixture is an excellent example of a combination of the Russian Foreign materials and proven technologies. As a result, one of the best peat fillers was obtained in the domestic market
Usually the bacteria are sold in a separate package that they have not started the process of biodegradation filler more packed. But Piteco decided to simplify the maintenance of dry closet and created a technology by which made possible the combination of peat, sawdust and bacteria without affecting the product characteristics.
Price peat filler is 400-450 liters rudders 50 or 15 kg. Peat mixture of this company are the perfect choice for budget conscious people.
The mixture №3 - Biolan (Finland)
This manufacturer produces peat in Finland, and the processing and packing of finished products produced in Estonia. A mixture is made of peat, bark and shredded net sawdust conifers. Recommended waste and filler ratio of 2: 1.
By the foreign peat fillers should be treated critically. If the price is high, it is absolutely necessary to read the composition, so as not to buy an ordinary peat at the price-quality mix
When the malodor biotoilet or excessive humidity in the tank mixture with the waste need to increase the mixture flow rate by 25-30%.
Bacteria in the mixture is not, although its cost at the expense of European production and imported Russian taxes are much higher than the company Piteco. The cost of a 40-liter package is 520-570 rubles. Store the filler is necessary in a warm dry room and be sure to tightly close the packaging, if it is not immediately fully utilized.
Mixtures of this manufacturer is quite expensive, but also the high-level quality.
The mixture №4 - PeterPeat (Russia)
Mixtures of PeterPit consist of crushed pure peat without additives of Russian origin. Shelf life is 3 years, but due to lack of additional components, the mixture should not lose its properties and in a longer term.
Many Russian producers of peat fillers make a nice package and unreasonably inflate the price of their products, so choose a product based on its composition
The manufacturer recommends to store the mixture at temperatures ranging from -35 to +40 degrees Celsius heat. If the filler is kept in the cold before using it need to defrost. The cost of a 50-liter package is 500-550 rubles, which is expensive for a mixture without any additional additives.
there are many other small producers of peat fillers, whose prices start at 300 rubles per 50 liter packaging in the Russian market. Cheap fillers are often made of a transition peat and contain no additives. Because of that formed in the mixture has biotoilet lumpy structure tends to decay and bad smells.
The most acceptable in terms of price / quality are the company Kekkila and Piteco, that offer proven quality at a good price.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
The proposed video reviews to help ensure the device simple and maintenance of dry closets. The process of applying peat filler is virtually identical to the manufacturer's recommendations, however these rollers will be sufficient for understanding the circuit using any mixtures thereof.
The device peat dry closet:
Filling up the peat-filled dry closet:
Comparative Review peat excipients for dry closets shown that there are fundamental differences in the composition of their ingredients. The advantage should be given to products containing enzymes, microorganisms and the dry sawdust. They are more expensive, but less consumption and consumer characteristics much higher.
Do you have personal experience of using peat mixes for dry closets? Please share with us your experiences, tell us how use a filler. Leave your comments - feedback form is located under staey.