15 dintre cele mai delicioase și productive soiuri de cartofi
Potatoes have long been considered the most popular crop grown in Russia. Consider in the article which varieties are best to choose in order to get a high-quality and large crop.
list of the best potato varieties in alphabetical
classification varieties of growth
Yields according to
Classification by maturity
List of the best varieties of potatoes in alphabetical order
Can be grown in different climatic zones. Many varieties have found their popularity in industrial production, some liked summer residents to plant on the site. Consider the most popular varieties and species in a small catalog alphabetically.
Its main advantage is a large, even fruit.
early ripening variety;
fruitful - 500 c / ha ;
is most popular for cooking in restaurants;
high disease resistance;
contains high levels of starch up to 17%.
Idaho - the most popular variety for cooking in restaurants
Bela Rosa is the most popular in the territories of the CIS countries.
early maturing, in the south you can get several harvests per season;
with proper watering and fertilizing high yield - 350 kg / ha ;
large oval-shaped root vegetable( approximately 200-500g fruit).
You should know that it grows poorly on the ground without top dressing. It is recommended to grow it after legumes.
The Dutch variety is not inferior in its characteristics even to the Belarusian one. It is characterized by medium roots with excellent taste characteristics.
Often used for cooking in restaurants.
bush undersized, blooms with lilac flowers;
variety susceptible to diseases: phytoshorosis and scab;
the fruit is shaped like an oblong oval;
peel from red to pinkish-purple;
tolerates heat well;
the weight of one fruit is from 70-200 grams ;
on one bush up to 15 tubers.
Rosara is an early maturing, matures for 70 days .Used in new and modern industry for the preparation of dry raw materials.
pulp has a pale yellow tint;
average fruit weighs about 70-130g;
fruit shape is oval, slightly elongated;
keeps its shape well due to its low starch content;
yield 500 c / ha .
Refers to late varieties of potatoes. Fully ripen later 110-130 days after the emergence of .
high yields, from 1 hectare can be obtained up to 20 tons of potatoes;
tuber pink-yellow color;
The weight of one fruit ranges from from 100-150 g to ;
is susceptible to late blight;
has a high shelf life.
The plant is planted in spring, when there is no frost, but the soil is still wet.
Tuleyevsky well adapted to many climatic conditions, actively planted on farms.
the shape of the fetus is flat, oval;
light yellow flesh;
fruit weight 100-300 gr. ;
when cooking well retains its shape;
has an excellent potato flavor;
does not require constant feeding fertilizers.
Planting begins only after the soil warms up to +10 degrees. Watering is not required. A minus - its cannot be stored for a long time , as it starts to fade.
The German early ripe potato variety Gala has excellent taste properties and has a high content of starch in the fruit.
from 1 weave you can collect up to 400 kg potatoes;
root vegetables are round, small in size with yellow skin;
bright yellow flesh;
average weight of potatoes 60-130gr ;
is prone to infection with the black bucket.
Considered one of the best hybrid varieties.
ripens for 75 days, during this period you can collect potatoes. Potatoes should be planted immediately as the air temperature reached 10 degrees.
Delicious Dutch, considered one of the most delicious potato root vegetables.
from 1 weave collect up to 220 kg of harvest;
tuber weight varies from 150 to 350 grams;
about 20 fruits come from one bush.
. The most suitable variety for those who want to grow potatoes for themselves.
has excellent taste;
yields a high yield of up to 390 kg per hectare;
tuber weight reaches 400 g ;
bushes are high strong varieties up to 80 cm;
boil well during cooking;
are resistant to such diseases as powdery mildew and fungi.
There are several varieties of Nevsky in time of maturation. It is considered an elite, grows well in all conditions.
yield up to 350 kg per hundred;
for planting need to choose not germinated tubers, after germination, plant those with short shoots;
tubers with long shoots are unacceptable for sowing;
refers to medium late;
ripening occurs in 75-90 days;
is oval in shape, with light yellow skin and creamy flesh;
love heat, so it is recommended to plant when the frosts have passed.
Considered an early maturing dining room.
On the 45th day it is already possible to get the first harvest, but in general the collection time on is 70-75 days .
can be harvested from each bush; 2 kg of fruits;
resistant to weathering, tolerates transportation;
is almost immune to disease, there is a possibility of late blight infection and viral diseases;
flesh is pale yellow;
requires care, watering, organic matter;
is well kept during the winter.
Refers to the elite, which require special care .If you follow all the rules, you can collect up to 950 c / ha .
tuber weight 170 g ;
refers to mid-season( average 90 days);
from a bush can be collected up to 15 kg of root crops;
perfectly tolerates winter and is well stored for a long time.
Bred by plant breeders in Germany 25 years ago. I still love gourmets due to excellent taste.
peel has a yellow tinge, slightly rough to the touch;
pulp can be light yellow or deep yellow;
root shape round oval;
average fruit weight 140 gr. ;
variety can be planted in open ground at the end of April, propagated by tubers;
full maturation occurs after 65-80 days;
is high-yielding, from 1 hectare can be obtained up to 45 tons .
Refers to early maturing, tolerates heat and sudden changes in temperature.
This subspecies can be found in all regions of Russia.
root crop weight varies from 80 to 200 g ;
peel has a pale amber tint;
light yellow flesh;
before planting is recommended to handle copper sulphate;
contains a high level of starch up to 17%;
from one hectare collect 250 centners of potatoes;
landing at the beginning of May.
Early ripe potatoes, has a pleasant taste.
elongated oval-shaped fruit;
peel yellow, the flesh is light cream;
tuber weighs about 80-200 g ;
contains a high level of starch up to 17%;
there is the likelihood of late blight infection;
yield 300 c / ha .
The taste of potatoes improves if it contains large amounts of starch. You can influence the taste of the fruit with the right care: watering, fertilizer.
Subspecies of the
Potato Different varieties of potatoes do not suit for all regions of Russia .Although most are acclimatized under the temperate zone, there are species that are most suitable for central Russia and Siberia.
The potato also differs in the shade of pulp, taste, and ripening. On this basis, it is possible to classify them as follows:
Classification of varieties according to their growth
., Sprint, Pai, Dauphiné, Idaho, Bela Rosa, Rosara
Adretta, Good Luck, Scarlet, Tuleyevsky, Nevsky
Idaho, Bela Rosa Rosario, Red Scarlet
All these potato varieties have excellent features and taste. Most are resistant to diseases and have high yields.