Caracteristici și descrierea unui tip de gala de cartofi

In the spring, it is difficult to determine the potato variety. There is not enough time, landing time is tight. Summer residents usually buy what special shops offer. In recent years, the gala variety has been in the top sales, which speaks of its good taste and marketability.

Examine the market in advance. The end of summer and early autumn is the right time to gather information on varietal diversity. Those who want to get an early harvest, you need to pay attention to the medium early variety with the beautiful name Gala.

Contents

  • Terms growing varieties Gala
    • Preparation of seeds
    • planting time to choose the place
    • planting scheme
  • Summer care for potatoes
    • Watering
    • Weeding and hoeing
    • Hilling
    • Feeding
    • Pest
  • Cleaning
  • Storage harvest
    • selection of seed potato gall
  • Diseasesand damage to tubers
    • Rhizoctoniosis: symptoms of the disease
    • Prevention of rhizoctoniosis
    • Late blight
    • Viral disease - twisting of leaves
  • s Description
    • History selection
    • Features Advantages and disadvantages
    • Tips
      • fertilizing seed potatoes
      • Rye bed

Rules varieties growing gala

Consider the basic rules growing varieties. The harvest depends on the preparation of seed material and soil, irrigation, fertilizing, organized according to a certain pattern.

Proper care is the basis for the successful growth of the selected variety.

Seed preparation

The size of seed potatoes should not exceed the size of a chicken egg. The optimal weight of a tuber is 40-50 g or less. Visually inspected on the tuber should not be damaged and signs of infection.

Germinate tubers in a room with an air temperature of + 16 ° C.Sprouts in a healthy representative of the variety appear after 3 weeks. A couple of days before planting, the material for planting is heated in the sun by , treated with a solution of boric acid( 1.5%).

Before planting, inspect tubers. Reject all tubers with signs of illness and visible mechanical damage.

Landing dates

The exact date of planting on dates is difficult to say, since it depends on the specific climatic conditions. Roughly this is the end of April - the first decade of May. The criterion of soil readiness is soil temperature.

As soon as the earth warms to 10 ° at a depth of 10 cm, you can begin to land.

Choosing a place

Land for planting should be smooth, it facilitates uniform watering .Groundwater should be at a depth not exceeding 1.5 m. An important condition is the absence of shade. Gala in the shadows grows bad.

In contrast to flowers, the chosen crop loves the sun.

. It is necessary to observe crop rotation of vegetables. Best predecessors:

  • cucumbers;
  • beets;
  • carrots.

Site preparation work

Plowing or digging a site is the main work to prepare the land for planting. You can use as tillers, hand cultivators, and shovels.

The plowing depth should not exceed 30 cm.

is added for digging, the consumption is given per square meter. Recommend to make:

  • ammonium nitrate( 20 g);
  • humus( 10 kg).

If the soil is sandy, make it heavier and add clay soil instead of humus.

Soil Requirements

It is easier to name soils that are not suitable for growing a variety, since, judging from the information on the forums, this species is successfully grown in different regions of the country and on different soils. It grows poorly in lowlands and swampy soils.

The variety does not like sour soils .Acidity is very easy to determine. Pour 4 sheets of bird cherry with a glass of boiling water, cool infusion. Throw a lump of earth at him. Infusion will change color.

The color of the infusion The acidity level of the soil
red acid
green slightly acid
blue neutral
Not less than once in 5 years put 500 g in the amount of 500 x, it is up to 16 x, and you will be unable to put it to the front, it will be 500 x. This is necessary to maintain the normal acidity of the soil.

The landing pattern

Experimentally found that for Gala the optimal landing pattern is 75 cm between the holes. The distance is large, due to the large number of tubers in the bush( 15 pcs.). Depth of backfilling - 15 cm .

Summer care for potatoes

Summer care is a competent alternation of watering, weeding, hilling and feeding. Lack of care will certainly affect the harvest.

Watering

The scheme of irrigation can be viewed in the table. Watering is required. If it is not possible to organize them due to the lack of water or for some other reason, it is worth choosing another variety. Gala requires watering.

Phase of plant development Watering in dry weather Growing irrigation products
germination +
flowering + +
after flowering
Proper and regular watering is a prerequisite for successful cultivation of the variety

Weeding and loosening

Combine it with weeding before germination. Weeds sprout faster, chopping them down with a chopper, simultaneously loosen the soil. Loosen the aisle after hilling, rain or watering until the tops are not very high.

When the tops of the plants close the aisle, carry out the weeding by hand, pulling out individual, high weeds growing next to the bush or in it. Loosening improves the access of oxygen, reduces evaporation of moisture. In a loose, moist earth it develops better and faster.

Hilling

The first hilling spend when the height of the plants reaches 15 cm .You can rake all the plant with the leaves. In a few days the stems will increase in length, the leaves will reappear.

Hilling should be carried out after rain or watering. If the weather is hot, the soil is hot - early in the morning or late in the evening.

Before the closure of the bushes to spend a few hilling with an interval of several weeks. The minimum number of riddings is 2.

Perform the procedure only when the sprouts are at least 15 cm tall

Feed

Feed must be combined with roll up .Spread dry fertilizers in the aisle, chop them into the soil. Fertilize ammonium nitrate in the first hilling, in the second - with complex mineral fertilizer for potatoes.

Fertika fertilizer perfectly showed itself.

Pest control

The main pests and control measures are listed in the table.

Name of the pest Pest control measures Pest control measures
Potato scoop Lepidocid - in the butterfly phase, Decis - in the caterpillar phase. Timely removal of weeds from the field. Larvae live on wheatgrass.
Medvedka Processing plantings karbofos solution. Warming the tubers before planting. Warming temperature - 40 ° C, duration - 2 hours.
Wireworm larvae Traps arranged in soil, filled with carrots, potatoes. Digging, chalking, weeding.

Cleaning

Already in August, you can dig for current consumption. In the autumn, before mass digging, they cut the tops. This procedure is recommended to carry out necessarily. After it, the skin forms faster and the variety is better stored in winter.

It is necessary to conduct an trial digging 1-2 of the bush .You can dig, if the tubers are covered with peel, the average diameter of the tuber is about 4 cm.

Crop sorting is required. Patients, damaged copies in the bookmark do not go.

Crop storage

Optimum storage conditions:

  • air temperature within 2-5 ° C;
  • air humidity - 80%;
  • ventilation.

It is possible to store both in bulk, and in a container: bags, boxes.

Selection of seed potatoes gall

Seed variety is selected immediately after digging from the harvest of healthy bushes. Sampling is done until all the tubers are piled up in a common pile.

Before the descent of the selected testes into the cellar for storage, they are green. Keep the tubers in the sun for at least 7 days, turn them over several times during this time. The whole tuber should turn green.

Greening a tuber is a necessary measure before descending of seeds selected for seeding.

Green seed is stored better, less prone to disease.

Diseases and Damage to Tuber

Observe the plantation throughout the summer. To exclude the possibility of fungal and viral diseases is impossible.

A special danger is fungal infection , which spreads through the contaminated soil and causes rhizoctoniosis.

Fungus causing late blight is no less dangerous. Infection can make up to 50% of the total crop.

Viruses can damage the seed pool. Tubers of infected potatoes cannot be used for planting. Spreads the aphid virus. A sign of infection - twisted leaves.

The yield and quantity of seed potatoes are reduced by mixed internal rot. It can be seen on the cut root. Mechanical damage to tubers during digging - the cause of the disease.

Rot are wet and dry , accompanied by gray or brown patina on the surface.

Rhizoctiosis: symptoms of the disease

Bush develops poorly, the color of the tops is pale, in the lower part of the stem you can see a gray bloom. The fungus infects most of the tubers, they lose their appearance, are deformed, covered with growths of black color.

Much of the potato can be affected by the fungus. Crop losses in some cases reach 20%.

Prevention of Rhizoctoniosis

European varieties often affect scab silver( Rhizoctoniosis) .Seeds can be processed before planting with biological or chemical preparations: Maxim

  • ;
  • Prestige;
  • Fitolavin;
  • Fitosporin;
  • Albite.
These funds can restore the health of even infected tubers. You need to prepare a solution and hold the potatoes in it.

Treatment of diseased plants

If on examination of the bushes there are signs of a fungal disease, it is necessary to treat the bushes with a fungicide at least 3 times. Observe the interval between treatments - 7 days.

Recommend fungicide Baktofit .On 1 bucket of water enough 30 ml of funds. The treatment is carried out on an overcast day or in the evening.

blight

Wilt and killed all aboveground part of the bush, the flesh becomes soft tubers, they lose their natural color, turn brown. For the treatment of a diseased plant use the drug Arceride .

The first spraying is carried out during the active flowering of the gala. On a bucket of water will need 50 g of funds. The third and last treatment is carried out 20 days before the potato is harvested.

Viral disease - leaf curling

Provokes the spread of the disease hot, dry weather. A sign of the disease - twisted leaves at the bottom of the bush. If you do not carry out treatment, the bush will die.

Triple spraying of helps stop the disease. The interval between treatments 15 days. The recommended drug is Baktofit .If there is no effect from the treatments, remove the bush.

Mark knit diseased bushes. In the fall of these bushes can not be selected seed. The virus reduces the amount of seed.

Reviews

Lyudmila( Rostov Region)

“The climate in our area is unpredictable, but Gala does not fail, soot already that year. I buy seeds of 1 variety.2-3 weeks I germinate in shallow boxes. Planted under the scheme 25 × 60 cm. I use a shovel.

In the hole I throw a handful of humus on a tuber a tablespoon of ash. Soot very early, as soon as the earth warms up .Hurry up, so that before the onset of heat the tubers have time to start. Bucket digging from 4 bushes.

Usually in one nest up to 15 potatoes. I do not use fertilizers, but I am always happy with the harvest. ”

Andrei

“ I don’t grow potatoes, I prefer to buy them in the fall and lower them to the cellar for winter consumption. Potato Gala like and taste, and in appearance of the fruit.

Lies well, spoils little .When cooking does not crumble. It is pleasant to clean, the peel is clean, the eyes are small, no need to cut. ”

Description

This species belongs to the group of medium-early varieties( the growing season is from 60 to 80 days).The plant is erect, bushes of medium height, the leaves are large, green, wavy on the edge. The flowers are white. Early flowering.

According to the description, gall tubers are medium( 70-120 g), round or oval. The peel is yellow, smooth. The eyes are small, rare. The flesh is yellow, when boiling does not boil soft. tasting score on a ten-point system - 9 points .
The remarkable taste potential of the

variety. Breeding history.

. The German breeding system is designed in such a way that it satisfies state interests and seed needs of the private sector. About 35 German enterprises specialize in potato growing.

New varieties of potatoes undergo the strictest selection, only and then an license is issued for the variety. Potato Gala - the best development of German breeders. In the Russian State Register, the variety Gala is listed in 2008, recommended for use in the regions:

  • Volgo-Vyatsky;
  • Central;
  • Northwest.

Characteristics of

The varietal characteristics of the Gala potatoes determine the following characteristics:

  • form;
  • skin color;
  • color pulp;
  • growing season;
  • yield;
  • destination.

The characteristics of the variety Gala are given in the table.

potato Characteristics Potatoes Gala, performance values ​​
form elongate-oval
skin color yellow
color pulp yellow
vegetation period 70 days
assignment table
yield( t / ha) 4
yield of 4 tons per hectare is consideredhigh

Advantages and disadvantages

The table of advantages and disadvantages of the variety Gala allows to make a comparison, facilitates choice.

s Д 9 9 9 9 высокая клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб клуб _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ : cancer, scab
can be grown on any soil
grows in any climate

Tips

Gardening fans are constantly experimenting. Use unusual means for the care of plants. Many recipes relate to potatoes. Some can be tested in their garden for potato Gala.

Top dressing of seed potatoes

The essence of the method is top dressing of potatoes Gala at the stage of seed germination .

For the experiment you will need:

  • sawdust;
  • water( 10 l);
  • superphosphate( 2 tbsp. L);
  • urea( 2 tbsp. L);
  • copper sulfate( 1 tsp);
  • boric acid( 1 tsp).
Dissolve all fertilizers in water and moisten sawdust with this water. When the first sprouts start to appear from the peepholes, put the Gala seed potatoes into the boxes, pouring rows of sawdust dipped in the solution.

The result of such germination is formed white roots of , sprouting a few days after planting. The specified amount of fertilizer is designed for processing 50 kg of Gala potatoes.

Rye bed

In the fall, the area where the gala potatoes will be planted in the spring will be sown with rye. Seedlings will appear quickly, they will decorate the autumn garden with their greenery. Close up in the ground is not necessary, in winter the stubble will delay the snow.

At the beginning of April the section to plow .For 3-4 weeks, the remnants of rye perepreyut, you can plant potatoes Gala.

Pros from sowing rye:

  • rye roots loosen the ground;
  • is a full-fledged organic fertilizer, fertilizes the soil no worse than manure;
  • destroys weeds( even wheat grass);
  • kills pathogens.
Must be at least 2 weeks from the date of embedding in the soil. Rye must decompose completely.
Pre-planting rye helps to properly prepare the soil

Simple rules of planting and care, carried out at the right time, strict adherence to crop rotation, healthy seed - what is needed to get a good Gala potato crop.

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