Virtually no people who would not like fresh ripe tomatoes, just plucked from the garden. Joy for the cottager, to grow tomatoes in his garden. Especially, for the particularly impatient, , the early maturing variety Volgogradsky 323 and the late ripening 5/95 .Variety description, cultivation features in the article.
Table of Contents
- Tomato Volgograd Early Pot
- Description of the
- Variety Brief Description
- Whats the Difference?planting of seedlings
- Features of planting seeds
- Reviews of variety
- What fertilizers are needed
- Fight against diseases and pests
Tomato Volgograd early pot
One of the most popThe varieties of early ripened tomato varieties are non-hybrid varieties of Volgograd 323 and 5/95.The 323 variety was bred in 1973, and the 5/95 variety was bred 20 years earlier in 1953.
Early maturing variety. The shrub reaches a height of 45-80 cm , with a large number of leaves and branches, with a peduncle above each leaf or after 2 depending on the species. Surprisingly, the fruits grow the same size: smooth, circular. Fruit color is red-orange or pink.
A variety of Volgograd sweet, fleshy, well transported. The plant is unpretentious and amenable to cultivation. Any novice gardener, subject to the instructions for the care and cultivation, will be able to grow a rich harvest.
Tomato ripening period ranges from 100 to 130 days .Fruits, depending on the type, can weigh from 70 to 150 grams.
Volgograd is universal in use. It can be canned, consumed fresh, allowed to make pasta, mashed potatoes, juices.
- variety is divided into early and late ripening ;
- has immunity to certain diseases;
- tolerates drought ;
- gives a rich harvest ;
- has a long shelf life ;
- lends itself to for transportation ;
- fruit with juicy pulp.
What is the difference between species 323 and 5/95
Summer residents still prefer the old varieties of tomato, although more and more advanced, hybrid varieties appear. Tomato Volgograd has 2 types: 323 and 5/95 .The difference of these varieties in terms of ripening, color and weight of the fruit.
It is late, as passes 120 seeds days after the seeds grow. The color of the tomatoes, during full ripening, acquire a rich red color, and at the base green-yellow. The average weight of the fruit is from 100 to 150 grams. Tomatoes are smooth, smooth, with juicy pulp. Plant height reaches 80 cm. The crop is formed at a height of 6 leaves and lasts every 3 internodes. In the brush of the plant about 6 inflorescences. Tomatoes 5/95 are suitable for use in any form.
It is early ripening and can be consumed in 100-110 days. The first crop appears in 90 days , so at the end of June you can already taste the delicious tomatoes right from your garden.
The color of the tomato is red with an orange tint. Weight on average 70-80 gr. Although the size of the fruit is small, on one bush grows to 10 tomatoes. Such an abundance of fruiting occurs due to the formation of nodes under each leaf, starting with the fifth. Unlike the 5/95 variety, 323 has a low bush up to 45 cm .
Is it true that the varieties are suitable only for the Volgograd region
Rumor has it that tomato Volgograd is only suitable for cultivation in the Volgograd region. But this is a misconception.
Best suited for Astrakhan, Volgograd, Belgorod, Crimea region, Kuban. In the average region of Russia, you need to cover the tomato with an film. In the northern strip, this tomato can be grown only in greenhouses, otherwise taste and yield are affected.
Features of growing
Before you start growing tomatoes, you need to take care of proper planting of seedlings, fertilizer and watering.
The rules for the formation and planting of seedlings
For the cultivation of tomato Volgograd most often used seedlings. When the seedlings grow to 15 cm in height, they need to be planted in the well-heated soil after the frosts have passed and the air temperature reaches 10 degrees and above.
Tomato prefers soils where onions, cabbage or legumes used to grow. Given that the seeds are small, they are buried 5 cm in the ground. Already after 10 days you can see the shoots. The finished seedlings are planted in one boring on a 30:70 cm plot.
The plant does not require for special care. If necessary, you can feed with fertilizers and pour with warm water. To increase fertility, you can mulch the soil.
planting seeds. Planting time for seedlings: from February to April. Tall variety 5/95 should be sown in February, and undersized 323 - in March. If the Volgograd tomato is sown too early, then a lack of light and a long stay in a close pot will negatively affect the appearance of the tomatoes.
Landing rules :
- Before planting, it is recommended that sort the seeds and throw away the damaged and small ones. To improve germination, it is recommended to hold the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour( 1 g per 100 ml of water).
- Soil for seedlings should be nutritious .You can buy it in a store or make it yourself by mixing peat, humus and sod soil.
- should be sifted through a sieve and tamped in containers.
- Plant seeds to a depth of 3-5 cm at a distance of 3 cm from each other.
- Moisten the soil of the with a spray bottle and cover the containers with plastic wrap.
- The temperature of the must be at least +10 e more than +20 degrees.
- . If several leaves appear on the seedlings( after 2 months), the plant is ready to be transplanted into larger containers for the development of the root system.
Reviews on the variety
According to gardeners, variety looks beautiful and great for sales, the fruits are large and juicy .Tomatoes grow well, the root system is powerful and tolerates a dive process. Volgograd tomatoes with proper care do not get sick.
What are needed fertilizers
The plant forms stepchildren. They should be removed to achieve the formation of a plant in one bush. You can make excellent fertilizer for seedlings from the decorated stepchildren. To do this, you need:
- to collect stepchildren and fill them with water, leaving them to ferment for 2 weeks;
- after the fermentation process. fertilizer is filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10.
This fertilizer is considered nitrogenous, it is watered with bushes during flowering. However, can achieve the best result by feeding tomatoes with manure or compost. It is also recommended to process tomatoes from late blight. Preparations can be bought in a specialty store.
Thanks to nitrogen, plants grow well. Therefore, it is recommended to feed two times: when planting and with the beginning of the formation of ovaries. For fertilizers need: urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, lime.
Phosphorus is responsible for the development of the root system .Fertilizer is applied under the stem and in the perimeter of 40 cm near the bush. Fertilizer: superphosphate or phosphate flour.
Potassium helps tomatoes withstand diseases. Top dressing is made in the period when 3-4 leaflets appear on the seedlings. Fertilizers: Potassium monophosphate, potassium nitrate, Potassium magnesia, ash.
Complex fertilizers containing all three trace elements: Ammophos, Kristalon.
Fight against Diseases and Pests
The seeds of the plant have already been grafted in advance against most diseases. For the prevention of pests and diseases, seeds are disinfected using chemicals that are sold in specialized stores. It is also recommended to hold the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate.
A common disease affecting tomatoes, this phytophthora. Tomatoes form spots that spread to the flesh of the fruit. Sprayers Barrier or Barrier can be used to combat the disease. To do this, take 10 liters of water and add 3 tablespoons of the solution.
Another drug for protection against diseases - Oxyf .Available in tablets. It is necessary to dilute 2 tab.in 10 liters of water. Apply the drug before flowering and at the first signs of the appearance of the disease .
Vertex rot occurs due to a lack of moisture in the soil, as well as an excess of calcium and nitrogen. To get rid of the disease shrubs are sprayed with calcium nitrate .Infected fruit should be burned.
Tomato Volgograd is the leader among non-hybrid varieties, and all the characteristics described above have been tested by time for many decades.