Cum să hrănești rațe și cum?

In ancient times, in order to try duck meat, people had to hunt these birds. Over time, the ducks were domesticated. As a result of cultivation today we have a large number of diverse breeds of agricultural waterfowl with different characteristics.

Breeding ducks is rapidly gaining popularity, because duck meat has excellent taste, while the level of egg production is higher than, for example, in geese.

When purchasing duck youngsters, after a few months of fattening, you can serve an appetizing, flavorful, baked duck to the table, however, to achieve high performance, you must follow a number of rules related to feeding and keeping little ducks from the first days of life.

Table of contents

  • How to start care?
  • What to feed on the first day of life at home?
    • Feeding weekly ducklings
    • Feeding two weeks old chicks
  • Differences in maintenance( taking care with and without water)
  • Table of nutritional standards for periods for newborns, daily allowances and weekly ducklings
  • How much and how to give vitamins?
  • What feeds can be used when feeding small chicks?
    • Self-feed starter feed for monthly ducklings
  • Conclusion

How to start care?

Bred ducks, based on the characteristics of a particular breed. Thus, in some breeds, the incubation instincts laid down by nature disappeared completely under the weight of selection, as a result of which breeding of such birds is possible only by placing incubation eggs under another hen, or by laying eggs in an incubator, but certain temperature conditions must be observed. . However, after hatching,questions - how to care for newly hatched ducklings.

. It is possible to acquire already hatched chicks, both day-old and older .It is better to buy young stock from a reliable seller, be it a small farm or a large poultry farm.

The first point to focus on is the placement of the young. Ducks as a whole are well tolerated by cold and frost, but for babies in the first days of life, it is required to adhere to temperatures in the region of 27-31 degrees. Initially, the birdies can be placed in a special brooder , avoiding excessive crowding, later grown young animals are transferred to the poultry house.

Since ducks are waterfowl, it is highly desirable to provide them access to the reservoir. It is desirable that the birds have a small walking. Despite the fact that a number of farmers believe that in order for ducks to gain weight as quickly as possible, should be limited to space, while others, on the contrary, believe that the availability of walking and access to a reservoir significantly improves overall performance - the bird is healthier and more resistant.

Organization of feeding small ducklings

What to feed on the first day of life at home?

The second question that confronts a novice farmer after buying chicks is how to feed the little ducklings in the first days of life. The gastrointestinal tract of ducklings differs from adult individuals, respectively, the food suitable for adult ducks is not suitable for babies.

Ducklings have a higher degree of digestibility of food and a more intense metabolism in comparison, for example, with chickens.

It is necessary to feed newborn ducklings 4-5 times a day. The food in the first 2-4 days should be as rich as possible in protein, it helps ducklings grow. For these purposes, mixes are prepared for babies from chopped boiled eggs, cottage cheese with the addition of milk and any dairy products such as kefir, yogurt, whey.

Food must be fresh, not eaten residues must be disposed of, avoiding damage to food.

In the first days after birth, green is added to the food in Ptakh. In summer, it is better to use fresh, finely chopped. If the growing of ducks is to be in the winter, it is necessary to dry a sufficient amount of greens in advance for the summer season to add to the mash. For these purposes, nettle, clover, alfalfa and even dandelion are used.

It happens that the little ducks initially refuse to start eating, and as a result may die. In such cases, the duckling is forcibly poured in with a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate with a pipette, after which a crumbled boiled egg is offered.

Feeding weekly ducklings

Then any farmer has a logical question: how and how to feed weekly ducklings? In addition to the high protein content in food ducks from the first week should be present cereals. The coefficient of digestibility of grain in them is about 80%, which is even higher than that of chickens.

In addition, the grain also contains protein, about 10-15%.In the first 7-10 days of life, ptakh are given compound feed with the addition of cottage cheese, fermented milk products, finely chopped nettle and other greens. Fresh nettles are required to be scalded with boiling water before use. Greens contain a whole range of vitamins necessary for normal growth, development and strengthening of the immune system. Also in the first week it is necessary to enrich the food with mineral substances required by the fast-growing body of the chick. It is possible to try to give the duck feed "Start".

You may be interested in the following articles on the duck theme:

  • Cultivation and breeding of ducks at home.
  • Incubation of duck eggs at home.
  • How to grow the ducks of mulard at home?

To this end, chalk, fish or meat-and-bone meal, crushed shells or crushed egg shells are added to the feed. Until the second week, mineral dressing is added at the rate of 1 gr.on the head.

Feeding two weeks old chicks

But how to feed ducklings in 2 weeks and how much food to give the question is rare. After all, from the second week you can produce young in the presence of walking with access to the reservoir. In this case, the chicks will receive part of the food in their natural environment. Feed them will need only twice a day - in the morning and evening.

In the morning, the two-week-old chicks are fed not enough, so that the babies themselves get enough for a walk. When birds are in an enclosed space, the feed load increases.

From the second week, it is advisable to add a duckweed that the ducks just adore.

Cottage cheese and eggs are harvested from the mash, replacing with boiled root vegetables, for example, potatoes, sugar beets, carrots. In winter, from the second week, the ducks can be fed with a combined silo. The main part of the feed at this stage is mixed feed, a little smaller part is greens.

At this age, to improve digestion and stimulate bowel movements, farmers add some sand or small gravel to the feed.

Feeding the grass with slightly grown up ducklings

Differences of content( care with and without water)

Ideally, ducks should have access to water. Any pond or small river with a weak current and grass along the shore will do. In this case, there is practically no need for additional feeding with vitamins and minerals, as ducks will receive the necessary supplements to the diet from a natural source of the environment. In addition, the presence of a reservoir can significantly reduce feed costs.

Of course, in the conditions of a harsh winter, when the reservoirs are covered with ice, the birds are not able to get their food. Therefore, the cost of keeping ducklings in winter will be higher even with the presence of a reservoir. Unfortunately, not always and not every yard has a pond, stream or river in the neighborhood.

The fact that there is no reservoir is required to be taken into account when feeding, by artificially enriching food with necessary additives.

Table of nutritional standards by period for newborns, daily and weekly ducklings

More complete information about how the ducks are fed in the first periods of life can be obtained from the table:

young age( in days)
Feed 1-10 11-20 21-30
Feedstuff 25 70 110
Herbs( fresh) 15 60 90
Combined silage( winter) __ 10 20
Root __ 10 15
Eggs 3 __ __
Curd 3 __SDA __ 0.5 1.5 3
Chalk 0.1 0.3 0.5
Nutritional wastes __ 15 40
Gravel( coarse sand) __ 0,5 1
Digestible proteins 4,6 13 19
feed in units. The huts are in the huts, mg Sodium, mg
kJ kcal
1 1250 298 22 4 1200 800 400
2-3 1193 285 20 4 1200 800 400
With 3 to the end of the growth. 1277 305 17 5 1200 800 400

How to water the chicks and whether it is necessary to observe the temperature regime?

A prerequisite is the availability of clean water to drink. Water should not be cold. The temperature of drinking water should be around 20 degrees. Drinking bowls should be provided in such a way that the chicks could not climb into them, otherwise the water will inevitably become quickly contaminated.

Organization of drinking bowls for small chicks

You can buy ready-made drinkers, you can make your own hands, by making a cut in a plastic bottle, for example, or you can place an inverted can of water in a dish, as shown in the figure:

How much and how to give vitamins?

Vitamins are essential for normal development and functioning. The need for additional feeding with vitamins disappears, provided that from the first days the birds have a balanced diet and from the second week have access to the natural natural reservoir, they are sufficiently exposed to the sun. In such a situation, ducks independently replenish stocks of the required substances.

If the ducks are located exclusively in the house, it will be necessary to compensate for the deficiency of vitamins artificially by adding vitamin-containing components to the feed.

With a lack of solar substances in the body stops the synthesis of vitamin D, which is responsible for the absorption of calcium, which, as a result, leads to rickets.

To prevent disease, it is recommended to add fish oil to the mash, or synthetic vitamins acquired in vet pharmacies.

The vitamins of other groups of ducklings get along with greens. There are a lot of them in nettles. In cases where adding fresh greens to the feed is not possible, the use of synthetic vitamin complexes is recommended.

What feeds can be used when feeding small chicks?

The most suitable starting feed for ducklings of the first twenty days of life is PK-21.Combined food for this age group of waterfowl best meets the needs of the body at this stage.

Since the food of waterfowl in the natural environment is predominantly wet, it is desirable for the ducklings kept at home to additionally moisten the feed with milk , whey or meat broth. Such a mixture belongs to the category of perishable, therefore, in cases where the chicks have not fully consumed food, the feeders must be cleaned of residues. Monthly ducklings are recommended to transfer to the combined feed PK-22.

Composition of the PK-21 compound feed:

Recipe composition % off
Wheat 33.54
Corn 25
Soybean extruded 2
Bran 5
DDAFF, so-soy soybean extruded 2
Bran

D See-a-off

17
Chalk 2.4
Fish meal 0.5
Monocalcium phosphate 0.85
Salt cook. 0,3
0,27
Lysine Methionine 0,14
Premix( enzyme) 1
100
Guaranteed indicators %
Humidity 12,5
Crude fiber 6
Crude protein 18,5
crude fat 6,26
The exchange energy, kcal 282
Methionine + cystine 0,77
0,47
Methionine Lysine Threonine 1
0,63
1,1
Calcium Phosphorus total 0,7
Sodium 0,16

feed composition PC-22:

Ingredients recipe %
Wheat 53,817
Corn 15
Sunflower cake. 19.5
Soybean cake 2
Extruded soybean 4.8
Monocalcium phosphate 0.9
Chalk 2.4
Salt cooks. 0,28
Lysine Methionine 0,27
0,033
Premix 1
100
Guaranteed indicators %
Humidity 12,5
Crude fiber 5,8
Crude protein 16,8
crude fat 5,6
Exchangeenergy, kcal 295
Methionine + cystine 0,68
0,35
Methionine Lysine Threonine 0,87
0,57
1,1
Calcium Phosphorus total 0,65
Sodium 0,18
feederfor proper nutrition of grown-up ducks

Starter feed by handmi for monthly ducklings

A couple of ways to prepare combined feed for young animals from the age of one month on their own. Method one. For cooking, you will need to mix:

  • 45% corn;
  • 17% sunflower meal;
  • 13% wheat;
  • 8% barley;
  • 5% feed yeast;
  • 4% fish meal;
  • 3% feed fat;
  • 1% meat and bone meal;
  • 1% grass meal and chalk.

Another recipe for self-cooking:

  • 51% corn;
  • 19% wheat bran;
  • 19% cake( soybean or sunflower);
  • 4% wheat;
  • 2,4% feed fat;
  • 1.7% defluorinated phosphate( tricalcium phosphate);
  • 1,5% shell( or eggshell);
  • 1% feed yeast;
  • 0.4% salt.

Conclusion

The main value of ducks in the quality of domestic poultry is in the taste properties of duck meat. In addition, these birds are the source of fluff, which is valued everywhere and is used for warming clothes, filling feather beds.

Duck down is not as soft as that of geese, but its thermal insulation properties are just as good. And from the ducks they get eggs richer in composition than chicken. For the successful breeding of poultry in order to obtain high-quality meat, eggs and fluff, it is extremely important to responsibly approach the issue of feeding and caring for the young from the very birth.

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