Kura Leggorn( Leghorn) is a productive breed of egg direction, first bred in Italy. Today it is the basis for creating variations of crosses of egg breeds in developed poultry farming. There are more than 20 colors of leggorn fowl plumage, including white, which are distinguished by their performance and unpretentiousness. Species lines are continuously improved and increased.
- Appearance, description and photo
- Temperament - where better to keep in a cage or on roaming
- Industrial economy or amateur poultry
- Leghorn in household farms
- special characteristics
- rock varieties
- White Leghorn
- Dwarf Leghorn
- Food: chicken, adult chickens, hens laying
- Features of content of leggorn
- Diseases and how to treat them
- Advantages and disadvantages
Appearance, description and formIn
of Russia are bred mainly Leghorn with white feathers. Given that the species range of these chickens is developed, there are birds with brown, black, blue, variegated, golden plumage.
- small size and weight;
- vertical body in the form of a blade;
- elongated body;
- is a medium-sized head, a leaf-like crest standing in cocks and hanging in hens, white or blue earlobes, red earrings;
- the iris of the eyes in adult chickens is pale yellow in color, in young representatives of dark orange color;
- developed round chest;
- straight back;
- average leg length in adult chickens;
- in young skin is yellow, and in adults the skin color;
- long long tail of a rooster at an angle of 40 ° to the body;
- plumage dense.
Temperament - where it is better to be kept in a cage or on a walking range
Leghorn breed chickens are always in motion. Keep them recommended in the barn with the possibility of walking. The small size of the birds will save space when choosing a barn. For full development to the place of detention it is necessary to provide access to fresh air and light. Chickens should live clean. Shed necessarily equipped with perches, feeders, nests.
For walking a small area, enclosed by a net, is enough. The height of the fence should not be made less than 1.5 m, so that chickens do not fly over the fence. Feeding troughs and drinkers are needed on the run. In the warm season, chickens better be on the street. They love poking around in the ground in search of worms, pebbles. It is desirable that in the fenced area grew grass. If there is none, then several times a day chickens should be fed with tops from carrots, beets and other vegetation. In the cold season, the bird is kept in the barn.
Important! When there is no opportunity for birds to walk because of the cold weather, there should be trays with small stones in the barn. Birds peck them for a good rubbing of food in the goiter.
Leghorn chickens allowed in cages. This will save space, as long as the equipped cell is not cramped. Due to their low weight, chickens do not experience discomfort on the floor of the net. It must be tilted, and outside of the cage, egg receivers are required. The distance between the bars of the grid should be sufficient for the chicken to stick its head in and freely pull it out. Cells should be cleaned, in order to avoid outbreaks of disease.
Industrial farms or amateur poultry farming
Leggorn chickens are common in the poultry industry of various countries. More than 20 breeding plants throughout Russia are engaged in the transformation and creation of new varieties of this breed, such as dominant, brown leggorn, and dalmatian.
Continuous improvement made it possible for chickens to lay eggs more than 200 days a year. does not require a lot of space and feed for breeding leggorn. Therefore, today the business of growing chickens for profit is developed.
In industrial farms, leggorn are grown in cells that are located in rows in a shed. Antibiotics and hormones help to cope with diseases caused by cramping and dirt. However, they are depleted of birds, which entails a culling. In industrial conditions, chickens of Leghorn breed are grown for a year and slaughtered to reduce egg production.
Household Farms Due to the fact that does not require strong bird maintenance costs , even economical poultry breeders grow them, you can read their reviews below. In addition, leggorn can be contained in chicken coops with other chickens.
If White Leghorn breed chickens are raised for commercial purposes, birds with different feather colors are preferred in home gardens. These are mostly brown chickens, distinguished by large eggs. Productivity is lower, but outwardly they are more interesting than white leggorn, which attracts poultry breeders. Among the species variations of leggorn brown occupy more than 60%.They are common due to the demand for brown eggshell.
Brown layers require more attention to than white ones. Feeding conditions must be strictly observed, in violation of egg production for a long time restored. In addition, these chickens are often infected with infections.
The weight of the hen of the Leghorn breed ranges from 1.5 to 2 kg, while the males weigh 2.3–2.7 kg. They begin to lay eggs in 4–5 months, produce 200–250 eggs per year , and sometimes up to 300 pieces or more. One-year-old hen's eggs weigh up to 60 g, and the shell is strong white.
An egg weighing 454 grams laid a hen of Blanche of the Leggorn breed in 1956.His shell was double, the yolk was also two.
The egg fertility rate is 95%.Chickens are born strong, by 2 weeks they have feathers.130–150 g of feed is spent on the formation of one egg in a hen. The incubation instinct is absent. Per day leggorn consumes from 110 to 130 g of feed. The exact figure can not be specified, since, depending on the species, indicators vary. To grow chickens to 18 weeks, you need to spend 6-7 kg of feed.
Variety of breed
The species differs in that it can live in the southern and northern regions, due to its ability to quickly adapt to the conditions. However, White Leghorn chickens are usually raised in poultry houses, and optimal conditions are created there, independent of weather and climate.
Help. Russian white chickens are similar with white leggorn. The latter were bred at leggorn crosses. They are similar in appearance and basic characteristics. But Russian white wins due to the developed instinct of hatching eggs.
White Leghorn breed hens are unpretentious in food and conditions. When grown for profit, they are kept in cramped small cells without walking. Due to the continuous improvement of the breed, the White Leggorn is able to lay eggs for more than 200 days a year, which brings significant profit to large poultry farmers. Chickens of this species carry a large number of eggs, not only because of their modification, but also because they are given artificial feeding. These dressings destroy the chicken body, so more than a year chickens are not contained. Hormones and antibiotics help to survive in the conditions of crowdedness and dirt. In business, the main thing is egg production, so specimens trying to hatch eggs are destroyed.
This dwarf species is referred to as B-33 chickens or White mini-chickens. Birds look miniature due to the fact that they carry the recessive dwarfism gene. The weight of the rooster is from 1.4 kg to 1.7 kg, and the chickens weighing less than 1.4 kg. Egg production and survival rates are high, like all leggorn. Adult chickens white, yellow chickens.
Dwarf leggorn, despite their activity, do not require a lot of space for keeping; they are suitable for cell-cages. Feed Mini-chickens consume less than other breeds of birds with their size by 35 - 40 percent. Acclimatization of chickens is successful, they are not afraid of freezing temperatures.
Leghorn dwarfs are notable for their friendliness towards each other, they get along well with other birds. Egg fertility in this species is higher than than other leggorn and is more than 95%.This is due to the activity of mini-males. Like all Leggorn chickens, dwarfs do not hatch eggs, there can not do without an incubator. The peculiarity of the B-33 breed during incubation is long-term cooling due to the large size of the eggs.
Feed dwarf leggorn should be a quality and balanced food. The presence of a recessive gene alters metabolic processes, unbalanced feed adversely affect the health of chickens. In particular, excessive presence of protein in food causes fingers to twist in chicks 8–10 days of age. Further, they lose their limbs and die. Moreover, with improper feeding, egg production of dwarf leggorn drops significantly.
Food: chickens, adult chickens, hens layers
Food for leggorn should be fresh. The diet needs to be balanced so that proteins and minerals get to chickens in equal parts. However, the menu of different categories of Leghorn is different:
- Chicks need to be fed more protein. The first day of the chickens life is fed with egg yolk and cottage cheese, on the second day millet is added to the diet. Some poultry farmers feed small leggorn from birth with a special compound “Starting for Layers”, which is not expensive. At the age of 4 days, green food, such as onions, dandelions and nettles, is added to food by the chicks. Pounded eggshells are also good for a growing body. Chalk is added to food on the fifth day of life.10 days after the birth of chickens must be fed up to 6 times a day. At the age of 21 days, chickens are transferred to an adult diet and limit food intakes to 3. With proper maintenance and nutrition, the leggorn do not die, but grow and gain weight.
- For feeding adults, the following components should be used:
- mineral supplements;
- hydrated lime;
- bone meal.
Feed leggorn three times a day. Breakfast and dinner are cereals, such as barley, wheat. They should make a little salt, chalk and special vitamin supplements. For lunch at the leggorn mash, where carrots, potatoes, apples, cabbage, as well as nettle, quinoa are added. You can also add zucchini, tops from beets and carrots. Bran and bone meal are integral components of the ration of chickens for full development.
- If chicks need protein, then laying hens, in addition, need calcium and vitamin supplements for regular egg production. In the summer of laying hens consume vitamins from greens, and in winter they need feeding with boiled vegetables. Calcium in the body of the chicken is restored by the consumption of crushed shells, eggshell less effective. Food for chickens should be in sufficient quantity to create eggs, as this is an energy-intensive process. Clean fresh water should be placed near the feed. In winter, it is desirable that it is warm. It is necessary for the formation of eggs.
Features content of leggorn
Leggorn - a breed of chickens that is adapted to the cold due to the high density of the pen. However, they carry eggs only in a warm room, where the temperature is never below 5 ° C. There should be warm bedding 50 cm thick from sawdust, straw, hay so that the hens do not get sick and their egg production does not decrease. In winter, this coating will serve as a source of heat. Formation of the crust at the top should not be allowed.
The air in the shed should not be dry. , as it is dangerous for chickens. The lowest value can be 45%.But excessive moisture should not be allowed. It is necessary to ensure the penetration of air and light to the place where the birds are kept, having windows and ventilation provided. If leggorny are not grown in a clean room, then parasites live in feathers. You can cope with them at home with ash containers. It is more effective to use special preparations in the form of additives in food, eliminating pests. The place of maintenance leggornov need to equip.
Caution! Chicken egg production is affected by proper sleep. The sleeping position should be comfortable, so that the perch clings tightly to the paws. Poles must be made of the appropriate diameter and rounded.
Perches are placed at a distance of 80 cm from the floor on the side opposite the window. Nests are attached near the perches on the wall.
Diseases and how to treat them
Industrial farms have an increased level of noise. This provokes a disease peculiar to Leghorn breed chickens - noise hysteria .Layers during egg laying are particularly susceptible to this disease. The disease is manifested by the fact that chickens become aggressive to each other, shout, flap their wings and beat against the walls. Because of this, leggornas injure themselves and others, lose some of their feathering, and egg production falls. Attacks can be several times a day. In such a situation, it is necessary to immediately reduce the noise level and create ideal conditions for the production of eggs.
Advantages and disadvantages of
After reviewing the description and characteristics of the Leghorn breed, it is necessary to highlight the pros and cons of this species.
- Accelerated puberty( 4–5 months), high fertility( up to 95%), maximum hatch rate( up to 83%).
- High egg production, low feed intake, large eggs.
- Brown shell. The shop usually manages to find only white eggs, while brown ones are rarely available for sale, they are quickly bought up.
- Leggornov grown in our country from the Caucasus to Siberia. Birds easily tolerate cold due to dense plumage and quickly adapt to new conditions, they are characterized by a calm disposition.
- The meat characteristics of the species are poorly developed due to success in egg indicators
- High egg production only during the year, then it quickly falls
- There is no egg hitting or maternal instinct. For breeding chickens, an
- incubator is needed. Noise and bright light can cause hysteria in chickens, typical of this species.
Olga, Vologda region. Kharovsk
Growing Leggorn in spacious cells, there they are better. I live in families, even in summer. Aggressive behavior towards each other did not notice. On the run, chickens and roosters panic, run from side to side, want to crawl somewhere, do not know where to rush. Being in a cage, birds carry eggs almost every day. Only once shed. Forum poultry farmers
I remember that my grandmother used to grow layers of this breed. They did carry eggs almost every day without a break. Their appearance is beautiful. I think about acquiring Leggorny, it remains only to build a barn, which will be comfortable for the birds. The magazine about birds
Everyone says that Leghorny are depleted in a year, I did not notice this. My birds continue to be carried in large numbers, they look well-groomed. As for food, in constant access crushed shells, millet, proteins. I usually give the hens kitchen waste: from dumplings to cottage cheese. For breeding Leghorn at home you need an incubator or hen hen that can incubate Leghorn.
fowl for poultry farming. The breeding of the Leghorn breed chickens in the personal backyard farm carries the poultry farmer only positive points. Growing for industrial purposes also brings good profits. Unpretentiousness in the content will allow you to get tasty eggs with minimal cost. The prevalence of the breed allows you to acquire hatching eggs and young chickens at any time of the year without problems.