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Over the years, the spathiphyllum bush grows, it becomes very heavy, it cannot be replaced without serious consequences. At this time, loosen and remove only the top layer. The flower Spathiphyllum, meanwhile, is aging and losing its decorative effect. Therefore, no matter how memorable the plant is for you, he needs to prepare a replacement. The procedure does not seem difficult for those who annually transplant a flower in a larger container.
Principles of spathiphyllum reproduction
The biology of the flower is such that it does not have stems, and the lanceolate leaves emerge directly from the ground, from the root of dormant buds. The resulting rosette of two or three leaves creates the vagina, from which the stem of the flower, wrapped in a white blanket, as in a diaper, appears. So grows kurtinka that allows you to make out the rhizomes into pieces, each of which contains either a finished plant with roots, or a sleeping kidney.
How does spathiphyllum reproduce in other known ways? This happens:
- obtaining a plant from the sleeping buds of a piece of rhizome;
- obtaining a young plant from layering or cuttings;
- sowing seeds.
When spathiphyllum breeds in any vegetative way with good care, it can bloom in 8-10 months. Seed method does not involve the transfer of signs of uterine bush, flowering occurs in 3-4 years. In this case, it is likely to get a completely new variety of female flower
For vegetative reproduction, it is important to carry out the planned work in the spring, when the plant only starts growing after the winter rest. However, in the case of an illness or for another reason, it is possible to transplant a plant carefully even during flowering.
Soil requirements or how to prepare the soil for spathiphyllum. The flower loves soil with a slight acidity composed of equal shares:
- garden or sod land;
- leaf humus;Peat
In addition, in order to give a similarity to the natural composition, a total of 1 part is added from small softwood bark, charcoal ground into small fraction and brick or ceramic chips. After disinfection by known methods, the soil is moistened with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Regardless whether sowing seeds or rooting cuttings, spathiphyllum propagation work is carried out at a room temperature of at least 21 degrees.
After planting or sowing seeds, they are doing everything possible to root. To do this, they create a mini-greenhouse, produce moistening of the leaves and the surface of the soil, and create conditions for the rapid restoration of the work of the roots.
The choice of tableware is important for vegetative propagation of spathiphyllum. Tanks should not be spacious, or they should be planted in several racks at once. Until the container is filled with roots, the plant will not bloom.
It is important to leave enough space on top for watering, have a good drainage layer of pebbles or expanded clay at the bottom, and not bury the root neck of the plant.
How to plant spathiphyllum, which is closely in capacity
To do this, water the plant so that it easily slips out of the old pot. Since the task is to get the maximum amount of delenok, then the bush should be soaked in warm water in a large basin, so that the roots are free from the ground. Put the plant on the table. In this case, the parts that need to cut the bush during division will be well visible.
Free each part from old brown dead roots. Leave the young blonde. Sprinkle the slices with crushed coal and prepare the containers. Pour 2 cm of soil on top of the drainage, and arrange the roots of the delenka, straighten them slightly. Holding the plant on weight, carefully pour a little prepared ground for spathiphyllum. Shake the cup lightly and seal the ground with your fingers. Having filled up the roots, pour on the soil for compaction, after the ground has settled, put it to the neck and shake the plant, whether it is firmly seated.
The first week you need to moisten the leaves with a spray bottle, keep the plant under a hood with little ventilation. If a clod of earth dries up, moisten it a little, so as not to provoke the rotting of diseased roots. A sign that the plant is rooted will be the appearance of a young leaf. After this, the plant is gradually released from the shelter, top-dressing to begin after 3 months in half the dose.
Reproduction by delicacies without roots and pieces of rhizome
In this case, the division should be germinated in water and then planted as described above. Rhizomes laid out on wet sand or peat. In this case, until the roots germinate, the wet litter should be constantly. From above cover with a film, but air. As a result, the fragment will release the roots, and then it can be planted in the ground.
How does spatiphillum seed multiply?
The plant is cross-pollinated, has male and female flower stalks. They differ in terms of flowering and flower height. Male blooms earlier for 2-3 days, pollen disappears until the female flower ripens. Therefore, seeds are obtained in greenhouses, where there are many flowers and they bloom at different times. The pollinated female flower turns green with time, becoming plump from the knobs that turn into peas. Seeds mature up to six months. Their vitality is low, and they must be sown immediately after removal.
When purchasing seeds, you should make sure that they are fresh. If the uterine plant was a hybrid, then splitting properties would be inevitable. Growing seedlings are in a closed pot, sometimes opening it for ventilation. Shoots appear unevenly, from one pea appears several seedlings. After germination, the plant must be accustomed to the air gradually, opening the transparent film for a while.
These flowers develop much more slowly, but subsequently they are more resistant to the dry air of an apartment in winter. You can sow a large container to decorate the office space and young flowers will create an original composition, blooming at the same time.
In another way, the seedlings will be grown up to 5-6 cm and transplanted into separate cups, from which you can also make any composition, but subsequently they are easier to replant.