Planting and caring for edible honeysucklegardens, a special place occupied by the cultivars of edible honeysuckle. Her bushes, pleased with the annual harvest of the first summer berries. The shrub is not afraid of frost up to 50 degrees, and the flowers are preserved even at return frosts to 8.It is important to ensure the development of the plant at the beginning of spring with moisture, and the harvest will be.
As valuable as honeysuckle
In a season when there are so few vitamins, blue droplets begin to appear on a beautiful bush with pale tender greens that melt in your mouth. The organism yearned for natural berries almost does not notice the slight bitterness of the healing fruits. Known vital vitamin C is contained in the berry as much as in lemon. Potassium in honeysuckle is more only in lingonberries, and in all other elements and vitamins it is superior to all known berries grown in Russian gardens. And the fruits contain all the vitamins and minerals that a person needs that are optimal for absorption.
Berries of all varieties of edible honeysuckle are a useful vitamin product.
How to grow honeysuckle in the garden
Shrub loves a well-lit place without close standing groundwater and with light soil. A plant with cross-pollination, so you should plant several plants of different varieties. Then the berries will be much larger. Fertilizing with organic fertilizer will add yield. Honeysuckle loves ash dripping, but does not like chemistry. Only light dressing with urea in the spring, even before bud break, is accepted favorably by the plant. Therefore, the cultivation of honeysuckle edible pleasant experience, with consistently good results.
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Planting and caring for edible honeysuckle
The biological cycle of the hive begins with an early awakening. But the termination of growth and lignification occurs in August. The question of , when transplanting edible honeysuckle is decided on the basis of circumstances. So, for a good survival of a bush with bare roots, only autumn planting is suitable. In the spring you can plant a sapling, obtained by the container method of cultivation.
Plant reproduction is carried out in several ways:
- division of the bush.
Seed method is more often used in nurseries. In the process of growing, the bushes dive at a distance of 20 cm, grow them up and sell them at the age of three.
A more common breeding method is rooting cuttings. Growing edible honeysuckle from cuttings is a quick way to produce a crop. To obtain rooting, you should bend an escape from the uterine bush and pin it to the ground. At the place of contact with the soil, a trench is created or a mound of earth is poured on top. There will develop roots. A new plant with well-developed roots is separated from the uterine bush only next year.
Rejuvenating care and planting edible honeysuckle can occur by dividing the bush. This will require a saw and an ax, because the wood of the bush is very dense. A plant is considered to have taken root if shoots from the root have gone from it in a year.
Green cutting begins at the end of June, when growth has already ended, and lignification has not come. Harvest tops of branches with three pairs of leaves. The upper pair of leaves is left, and the cuttings are planted obliquely into the hotbed with a wet layer of sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1, 20 cm of layer height. Inclined recessed cuttings should root after 2 weeks. They are planted in a permanent place only next year in the fall.
turned yellow after winter
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The cuttings with lignified material begin in winter. Harvested in the beginning of winter long cuttings stored in the snow or in the basement. They are planted in the ridge only in May, at an angle, leaving the upper kidney above the ground. Rooted cuttings 2-3 years, then they are transferred to a permanent place.
Planting and caring for honeysuckle in a permanent place.
The most crucial moment to get a healthy harvest bush is its proper planting.
The plant should have a loose soil, filled with the necessary nutrition that will allow the root system to develop rapidly. Edible honeysuckle planting and caring for which was conducted according to all the rules, will quickly enter into fruiting.
An important step will be to pre-fill the entire area of the plantation with mineral fertilizers, as in the future fertilizing with tukas is undesirable. Therefore, under the continuous digging, you need to make 2 matchboxes of superphosphate, one potassium salt and a bucket of organics per square meter of strip. Place for planting begin to prepare two weeks before the due date, when to transplant edible honeysuckle to a permanent place.
Pits are dug at a distance of one and a half meters, 40 cm deep and half a meter wide. Two thirds of the pit is filled with the upper fertile layer, the plant is set on a mound, the roots are straightened, the stem is buried to three centimeters, watered and mulched on top of the hole to prevent the formation of a crust.
Planting edible honeysuckle consists of spring hilling of small bushes and adding mulch. In early spring, you can feed urea for a rapid increase in green mass.
Promising varieties of edible honeysuckle
Edible honeysuckle has more than 200 varieties. They are divided by different indicators:
- on maturity;
- for crushability;
- largest berries.
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A good example of many varieties are the well-known Cinderella, Blue Spindle, Bakcharskaya. Their properties are described in detail not because they are the best, but these plants are carriers of the defining characteristics that gardeners are looking for.
Honeysuckle Edible Blue Spindle berries begin to ripen in mid-June, a week earlier than strawberries. The weight of a berry is about a gram. The variety is self-infertile, it is pollinated by any shrub, simultaneously flowering. Berries do not ripen at the same time, allowing you to feast on the bush for a long period.
Honeysuckle The blue spindle has a weak stem attachment and crumbles, so for the time of fruiting it is better to put a nonwoven material under the bush that allows the plant to breathe, but is an excellent bedding for fallen berries. Berries are sweet, with a barely noticeable bitterness in the aftertaste. The first harvest of the summer the body accepts with gratitude.
Honeysuckle Cinderella has been tested for variety and is registered in the register in 1983.
Distinguishes shrubs early fruiting, in the third year.
Low shrub only 0.7 meters, propagated by seedlings, and very decorative. The yield is impressive, 20 kg / ha, up to three kilograms from a bush. The berries are large, black with a bluish bloom. The taste of the berries has a strawberry shade, the skin is soft, the surface is smooth. The bush is resistant to frost and is not susceptible to numerous pests. He likes if his neighbors choose “Amphora” or “Leningrad giant”.
Bakcharskaya honeysuckle is famous for its shatter-resistant and very fruitful variety. With beautiful large, up to 1.4 grams, sourish-sweet berries. This variety matures later, but it is resistant to diseases and pests, drought-resistant. Spreading bush does not thicken, he regulates the growth of green mass.
The Kingdom of Honeysuckle - video