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Weigela is a large variety of species, but they all have several similar characteristics. In favorable conditions, the bush can reach 3 m in height, forming a rare spreading crown. The leaves are pinnate, can have different colors from light to dark green. Flowers are white, beige, red or yellow, depending on the variety.
Before planting weigela in open ground and caring for it, you need to be aware of some of its features:
With proper planting of weigela in open ground and caring for it, the shrub is able to bloom twice a year. The second bloom is less intense, but falls on the autumn period, when steel plants are already beginning to fade by winter.
There are 15 main varieties of weigela, and about 10 more decorative hybrids were bred by breeding. They differ not only in appearance, but also in the degree of resistance to environmental factors. For example, planting and caring for weigela in the Moscow region is a difficult task due to the sharp temperature drop in winter, but the plant grows well in warmer regions.
country gardenwhite flowers( types of Gustav Mole, Eva Ratke, Debussy, Candida and others);
Despite the fact that this variety belongs to the heat-loving, there is a photo of planting weigela in Siberia and caring for it. The main thing - to choose a suitable variety and securely cover it from frost. Of course, not all plants can survive in cold climates, but it is possible to grow a full-fledged bush.
There are several ways to breed weigels. Under natural conditions, it forms seed boxes, but they have a low germination rate and do not take root in any climate. For planting in the open ground, it is better to use purchased seedlings that have reached 3–3.5 years of age. They already have their own root system and are able to survive temperature fluctuations in winter.
Choosing a landing site is a prerequisite for the rapid growth of the shrub. The plant feels best in the lighted areas, preferably on the south side of the house. The building will additionally protect the weigela from the cold northerly winds.
Planting of seedlings is carried out in early spring, so that the plant has managed to root well for the winter period:
With proper fit and care of the weigela, the photo looks bright and spectacular. In order for the crown to be lush and sprawling, it is necessary to maintain a distance of about 1–2 m between neighboring bushes.
Shrub care includes timely watering, fertilization, and crown trimming and wintering. Whether it is necessary to shelter a weigela for the winter depends on the region and climatic conditions. If the temperature drops below zero degrees, the plant must be covered by a special technology. Some bushes can not tolerate severe frosts even under cover, especially seedlings in the first winter.
In the warm season, weigela care is not difficult:
Shrubs prefer to grow in conditions of large amounts of oxygen, so the soil must be loosened. The procedure is carried out during the watering of the plant or fertilizer. It is important to ensure that the rhizome is not damaged.
Particularly important is the care of weigela in the fall and preparation for winter. Even the most resistant varieties must be sheltered from frost, otherwise they will not be able to restore the vital processes after a sharp temperature drop. If they spend this period under cover, the plants will not suffer from frost.
There are two main ways to cover the weigela for the winter:
The first option is used to shelter varieties with an average degree of winter hardiness, as well as in temperate climates, where there are no heavy frosts. Cold air will still penetrate, but nonwoven materials retain heat well and protect the plant. The construction of greenhouses from improvised means is a more reliable method, it is recommended when caring for the more sensitive to cold varieties of weigel.
Weigela shelter for the winter in the Moscow region and other regions with a cold climate is a prerequisite. However, even if some of the shoots are frozen, the plant has a high capacity for regeneration. When the temperature rises in spring and the activation of the vegetation processes, it is worthwhile to establish abundant watering of the bush and apply fertilizer to the soil so that it regains its strength after winter.
When growing weigels, we recommend pruning the crown annually. This allows you to save the shrubs from damaged shoots, create a beautiful shape and give new branches the opportunity to grow and develop. Depending on the purpose of pruning, there are two types of pruning:
It is recommended to carry out both types of pruning. In the spring, damaged and old shoots are removed so that new branches can accelerate in growth. However, autumn pruning is more important for the plant - after it the bush has time to recover and better tolerates cold. There are several rules on how to cut weigela in the fall: the
Weigela is a bright ornamental shrub. It looks spectacular when decorating the garden, house plots, parks and recreation areas. However, not all varieties are equally resistant to frost and tolerate winter well. In conditions of significant air temperature drop, even artificially bred frost-resistant varieties need protection from the cold. Preparing weigel for winter is her shelter under a shed or with the help of scrap materials. During the rest of the year, the plant is unpretentious in its care and pleases with flowering twice per season.
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