Transplantation, breeding alacasia ASA 315colors, and they are placed not only on the window-sills, but an essential part of the composition is choosing alokaziya. It attracts with its harmony, impressiveness and beautiful sheets. Decorative alokaziya at home with care that meets its biological needs. A native of the island tropics of Malaysia and the Philippines, it requires adequate living conditions.
The main characteristics of the plant
Alokaziya has tuberous roots that cannot be injured during transplantation. The stem of the plant is small. Very decorative leaves. They are of different color, with clearly visible contrasting veins, different shades of green and even bronze or burgundy. The leaf is whole, slightly serrated oval, but pointed at the end. The plant is sometimes called weeping, as on a sharp tip, as the weather changes, a droplet hangs, telling the rain. Room flower Alokaziya, a photo of which is posted, is impressive.
The structure of the leaves is such that their dense surface sometimes looks artificial, made of leather. They have light streaks and in the dark look scary, like a skeleton. For leaf shape, the plant is called the elephant ear. On the surface of the plate there are pores, called stomata, through which excess moisture evaporates. Plants can have a size of 0.4 - 2 m in height.
Alokaziya blooms in nature, releasing the ear on which the berries with seeds ripen. At home, rarely blooms. By the way, and the species that multiply and live at home a little. The best known are:
- alozy polly;
- Amazon Amazon;
- alokaziya sander.
Reproduction is possible by leaf cutting, scions from roots, nodules, seeds and division of rhizomes.
Alokaziya care and reproduction
This type of plants looks best in spacious rooms, in the bathroom, as there are the most suitable conditions for it. Another place for comfortable flower maintenance is the spacious kitchen. The only obstacle in the conditions of the kitchen can be the absence of a draft-free zone. The slightest breath of cold air can ruin a beautiful flower.
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Can alokaziya be kept at home? Of course, you can, if you comply with the requirements of home plant care. It is necessary to consider that this pet will need high-quality utensils, for example, glossy pots made to match the leaves. To create moisture, you can use an aquarium in the composition or create a picturesque corner of expanded clay, peat moss.
Requirements for lighting
Alokaziya, when caring for home, needs bright diffused light without direct sunlight. This is usually the well-lit east and west side of the room. In winter, the plant must be moved to the brightest part of the house. Creating a composition in a poorly lit part of the house, it is necessary to create an artificial light flux.
Air humidity and room temperature requirement
The most demanding on air humidity are Amazonian and weeping, optimally 80%.They are kept only in the kitchen. The remaining domesticated plants tolerate some dryness, up to 50% in summer and up to 40% in winter. Create additional moisture pallets with evaporating moisture, spraying with warm water and wiping the leaves with a wet cloth. But with all the demands on the humid air, the roots in the water should not swim.
The temperature of the content should be 18 - 26, and in the summer from 21, and in the winter a little lower.
Alokaziya is a moisture-loving flower, but it requires systematic moderate watering without waterlogging. In this regard, it is unacceptable that stagnant water was in the pan under the drainage hole. At the same time, underfilling can lead to yellowing and dropping the leaves, which will deprive the flower of beauty. Therefore, in the summer they conduct moderate watering with warm settled water every other day, and in winter they water it when the top layer of the earth dries out, about once a week. Simultaneously with watering and wiping the leaves with a damp sponge, you should pay attention to whether the lodgers did not settle on the bush.
Never use polishes to give alokaziya leaves more shine. This will lead to the death of the leaf. A healthy sheet plate and so decorative.
Soil, fertilizer, top dressing
Alopecia requires an acidic soil with a pH of 5.5 - 6.3.Such a composition is created on the basis of lowland peat, and forest humus, taken immediately under the litter. A handful of needles added to the substrate will help to create the desired acidity. On this basis, after steaming and disinfecting, the necessary mixture is created in different proportions. It is proposed, as an option, such:
- lowland peat - 2 hours;
- leaf humus - 6 hours;
- sand - 1 h;
- sphagnum moss - 2 hours:
- crushed charcoal - 3 hours
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fertilizer and sprinkle it with substrate. This will allow for a year after the transplant not to care about feeding. They consider this way of feeding alokaziya to be more acceptable during care and reproduction.
If soil is not filled with fertilizer, systematic fertilizer irrigation is required. In spring and summer, during intensive growth, once every three weeks, the plant should be fed with nitrogenous components. Potash salts are also required. In the complex it is potassium nitrate, but it is better to take specialized liquid fertilizer for home flowers. For example, "Agricola" for ornamental plants in the breeding teaspoon to 3 liters of water. In winter, fertilizer irrigation is twice as rare. For young plants, phosphorus is important, which must be given in salts of soluble form. They contribute to the rapid development and strengthening of the root system.
An important choice of dishes. Features of alokaziya require that the root grows deep, and when planting the roots are directed vertically. Therefore, choose high narrow vessels with good drainage. New capacity should be 3 cm more than before.
Transplanting, cultivation of alokaziya
For adult plants, transplantation is needed every 2-3 years, as the soil compresses and becomes depleted of nutrients. Transplants are in early spring, when the plant is just beginning to develop. If the plant is healthy and transplanted recently, the best will be to do the transshipment. That is, the plant is carefully removed from the old dishes and arranged on a layer of drainage and spiked substrate gently with a clod of earth. Since the pot is larger in size, the soil is poured in, but not mechanically compacted, but only slightly shaken. The plant dipped into the vessel is watered, the ground settles, it is poured to the neck and the transplantation is completed.
All parts of the plant in slices produce poisonous juice. Therefore, when working with a transplant, you must comply with protective measures - work in gloves. For the same reason, animals should not be allowed to nibble a flower.
In other cases, the plant is completely washed off from the old soil and dried in a horizontal position with straightened roots. At the same time, children choose, disassemble the bushes and each planted in a separate container. Other breeding methods are carried out:
- stem buds;
- rhizome segments.
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In order for the plant to completely repeat the shape of the mother bush, the kidney is taken on the trunk, cutting with pulp, and rooting to the substrate under the cap in the heat. The resulting wound on the trunk is treated with crushed coal.
Reproduction by cuttings obtained from the upper part of the shoot, gives 100% survival. The stalk is incised under 45, treated with “Kornevin” or another biological product and placed in warm soil, controlling its humidity.
Seed plant multiplies only fresh. They are immediately sown in warm soil, the ground is kept wet, sprinkling on top. Seeds germinate unevenly, from several days to three weeks. Seedlings are transplanted when they create a good root system.
Disassembled rhizomes for transplantation should have either a ready-made plant with leaves or a growth bud. They are also rooted in the substrate after the wounds of separated roots have dried. Rooting is carried out only in warm, moist earth.
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