If the owners are attentive and take care of all the inhabitants of the dwelling, then Saintpaulia will receive its share of attention and will delight with its abundant flowering. Reproduction and care of room violet will not be difficult if you know the agrotechnology of the plant.
Conditions and microclimate favorable for the plant
- duration and intensity of illumination;
- temperature and humidity;
- watering mode;
- timely transplantation and reproduction of violets.
Place room violets in a well-lit place on all windows, except the north without direct sunlight. Lack of lighting provokes disease, flowering will stop. Violets can be grown on racks deep in the apartment, if you create an artificial daylight spectrum for them, for at least 10 hours.
The temperature in summer can be 21-25 degrees, in winter 15-18 is enough. Seedlings take root or rooting at 25.All processes slow down at a temperature close to 30.Humidity should be about 50%.
Violet does not like excessive moisture. How often to water the violets? During flowering, watering the bottom or traditional should be daily, in the winter twice a week. The main thing is not to overflow and avoid stagnation of water in the pan. With excessive watering the roots do not get air and can rot. In modern care great interest caused wick watering violets and other indoor plants.
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Saintpaulia grows on thin soil with a small amount of additional food. Therefore, for the full content of the substrate is often replaced. In case of annual transplanting, only the substrate is replaced, without increasing the volume of the pots. Once every three years transplant is required. Systematic cultivation of new specimens allows you to remove old plants that lose their decorative effect. Propagate violet, as well as replant easily, knowing the basic rules.
Transplantation and reproduction of indoor violets
Plant reproduction can be carried out using leaves, processes from the root of 3 - 4 leaves, seeds. The most commonly used method is cutting the sheet, let's analyze it in more detail.
For reproduction, a leaf is taken from a healthy plant. If it is a big outlet, then leaves of the second tier are selected, rooted through a glass of water. In young plants or young leaves of the upper tiers, they take root directly in the substrate, in wet moss, in a mini-greenhouse.
The leaf should have a tugor, a fresh cut is performed before germination, which is updated if the cutting has been decayed instead of callus. Some varieties of Saintpaulia do not root through water, only in moss or substrate.
The soil for the violet should be light and slightly acidic. The compositions are different, most importantly, it must be breathable and nutritious. Permanent moderate moisture allows minerals to dissolve, giving salt for food. One of the compositions recommended for Saintpaulia:
- garden land - 5 parts;
- peat - 3 parts;
- sand - 1 part.
You can take ready-made soil for seedlings "Vermion".But first, any of the compositions should be treated against pathogens and pests, then add to 2 liters of the finished mixture:
- "Living Earth" 1 liter;Vermiculite
- 1 cup;
- perlite 1 cup;
- sphagnum moss 1.5 cups;
- crushed charcoal 2/5 cup;
- superphosphate powder at the tip of the knife.
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Drainage will require expanded clay.
Utensils for violet
Containers should be wide. At a height of 10 cm for a adult plant a cup of 15 -20 cm diameter will do. The correct ratio is important, so a larger drainage layer is laid out in a deep narrow pot. Spacious dishes will delay flowering until it is filled with roots. When transplanting the roots should be initially cramped. Any utensil is used, but plastic is better, since earthenware has pores, and the clod of earth quickly dries out.
Water for irrigation
Water is applied soft, wet, separated. If you water the bottom, then after the soil gets wet, you need to remove the remaining water from the pan immediately after watering. Modern wick watering violets allows you to create a uniform moisture and reduces the time of care.
When planting a violet with roots, the following conditions should be observed:
- Create a drainage layer, having previously protected the drainage holes from clogging, stretching the wick through them and placing it in a layer of sprinkled earth. Place the roots, so that the neck of the plant was in the middle of the cup, placed below the rim for watering. Gently sprinkle the roots on the ground, shaking gently and compacting the substrate mechanically.
- After adding roots to the neck of the roots, water the soil so that it lies on the roots. After settling the coma, pour the dry mixture on top and mulch from evaporation with vermiculite.
- Cover the novosadu top of evaporation, air.but do not water until it takes root.
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As a sign of survival, the appearance of new leaves on a bush, the appearance of young seedlings on the handle.
It is not necessary to use a larger pot for each transplant. It depends on the state of the root system. If it is tightly entangled lump of earth and retains its shape when dredging from the pot, you need a large 1-1.5 cm dishes.
They often ask whether it is possible to replant blooming violet. This is undesirable if the plant is flowering, then it still has enough nutrition, wait until the end of flowering. But if the plant is flooded, transplantation is inevitable. In this case, you should conduct a revision of the roots and remove the brown ones. You can thin out up to 2/3 of the root system and remove some of the leaves, use them for reproduction. To bloom recovered faster, you need to take smaller dishes for transplanting.
How to plant a violet, if it does not bloom, and lost its decorative appearance from old age? This plant has a stem from the bottom bare. Cut the upper part with a sharp knife, root it in water and then plant like all other violets.
If the violet, which blooms beautifully, has the lower leaves fallen off and the stem has become bare, it can be buried, but not immediately. Initially, it is necessary that the roots appear on this part of the plant. Wrap the stem in sphagnum moss, which has bactericidal and moisture retaining properties. When the roots appear on it, you can pour the earth.
Video about wicked irrigation of violets