Preparing a gardener for winter alarmslush green foliage, with bright pink inflorescences on dense erect peduncles. This is bergenia, planting and care in the open field for which even a novice grower will not be bothered. But the garden due to unpretentious, catchy and very useful plant to really transform.
Perennial garden varieties of Bergenia - come from those parts of Asia, where other representatives of the green world would not be too comfortable. Plants lodge not only on alpine meadows and in lowlands, but also on stony ledges, high mountains. Such conditions "hardened" the flower, for endurance often referred to as kamnelomkoy.
In landscape design, as in the photo, Badan found its place on the Alpine hills and at water bodies, in group plantings with other decorative perennials. The monoplanting of this rapidly growing and forming picturesque clumps from dense foliage of culture is quite common.
Growing badan and caring for him on the plot will not make it difficult for the ever-busy summer resident. The main thing is to find a suitable place for perennials and create conditions for growth and flowering.
Where and how to plant a badan?
Unpretentiousness, frost resistance and endurance of bergenia in nature were fully transferred to garden varieties. Therefore, even a novice can grow them in his flower bed. Like other perennial crops, bergenia is planted with seedlings or separated from the adult plant rosettes.
But before you plant a badan, you need to choose a suitable place for it. Best of all the culture feels on sites with a friable easy ground. This soil helps the surface roots to get food, oxygen, as well as moisture that is very necessary for Bergenia.
When choosing a place, preference is given to areas where berlin will not suffer from drought and direct sunlight, as well as from the proximity of spring water stagnation. In the partial shade, the plant will be quite comfortable, but if the sockets have to spend a lot of time in the sun, the ground beneath it must be mulched.
There are no special requirements for the composition of the soil in badana. Well, if in the area where the bergen is to be planted, the soil has a slightly alkaline reaction. However, the plant can also adapt, bloom and multiply on a slightly acidic substrate.
Badan flower care after planting
As soon as the snow melts, it begins to melt, as badan leaves appear from under it. True, the foliage remaining from last year, managed to suffer during the winter.
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camelney. Therefore, in the spring, when planting a bermut in open ground, leaving with damaged or dead leaves removed. Next under the rosettes they make complex fertilizers, which are designed to stimulate growth and support the plants during flowering.
When the pink or lilac bells in the inflorescences-panicles wither, planting is fed again. This time, fertilizers will restore the supply of nutrients and accelerate the growth of outlets.
The application of top dressings is combined with irrigation or carried out on already wet soil. Since bergenia responds well to water, it is necessary to water it:
- during the formation of buds and the appearance of peduncles;
- in two 10–20 days if precipitation is not enough during this period;
- in the future, until the end of summer with the threat of drought.
In the hot season, when the soil loses moisture due to evaporation and the roots can dry, the ground is mulched. It is especially important to do this, as in the photo, when leaving after planting a bergenia.
You can get young plants of Bergenia on the plot by sowing seeds of the variety you like or dividing an already grown plant.
Bergenia seed propagation provides for cold stratification.
Sown in the grooves with a depth of not more than 0.5 cm furrow seeds buried in a moist soil and sent to the cold. Ideally, if the planting capacity is brought to the open air and covered with snow, which will maintain the optimum humidity and will not allow future seedlings to freeze.
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In early March, put the container in the heat, in the light, but not under direct sunlight. At a temperature of 18–19 ºC and the maintenance of high humidity, the seeds begin to swell and in 20–25 days will hatch.
Bergen flower care after planting provides for watering and careful loosening of the soil around seedlings. If the moves are too thick, they are thinned out, leaving 3–5 cm of one plant.
45–55 days after sowing, young plants swoop, spreading at least 6–7 cm apart. By June,where to plant badan. But before that, the seedlings are hardened, gradually increasing the duration of the stay of the boxes with seedlings in the open air. In the first half of summer, the strongest seedlings are carried to the ground. The rest is transplanted in August.
Planting bedania in open ground and caring for plants
Bergenia root system is located close to the ground surface, so you should not make large, deep holes. It is enough to choose a 6-8 cm soil with a shovel, and pour some sand as a drainage to the bottom of the pit. Since the plant will gradually push its boundaries, grow, make the interval between the holes not less than 40 cm. After planting, the soil is compacted and watered.
If the majority of perennials bloom the next year after landing in the ground, then Bergenia is not in a hurry to show the gardener his inflorescences. The first buds are formed only after 2–3 years, but the bergenia already forms daughter outlets.
This is an excellent planting material, which is easily separated from adult plants in summer, after flowering and until the first days of September. The rhizomes of such delenok are almost under the surface of the soil or protrude above it, and even a novice can cope with their digging.
It is necessary to divide the plant so that at least three healthy buds remain on the root cutting. From seedlings pruned leaves, leaving a pair of the strongest. Landing is carried out at a depth of 3 to 5 centimeters. In order for the bergenia to have room for growth, a space of at least 30 centimeters is left between the future plants. In the first month, top dressing is not needed, but watering should be regular and abundant.
With proper care, the bergen planted in open ground blooms a year before the seedlings, that is, the second or third year after the beginning of independent life.
When to repot badan? This plant can grow very long and without visible problems in one place. Therefore, transplantation is undertaken when it is required:
- to limit the growth of bergenia in the area;
- , on the contrary, obtain planting material for propagation from adult plants.
The uncontrolled spread of landings leads to their excessive density, which is fraught with diseases and the accumulation of pests.
Problems in the cultivation and care of badanen
Most often in Badana there are fungal diseases caused by overcrowding and high humidity. Signs of such infections appear on the leaves as brown or whitish spots, blackening or tissue necrosis.
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The infected leaf plates dry out and the disease grows. To cope with the trouble of growing and caring for beranberry you can:
- spraying systemic fungicides;
- setting up maintenance and watering;
- vacuum landings to organize the flow of fresh air to the base of the outlets.
Among the pests damaging a plant, it is necessary to name slugs, nematodes and slobbery pennits. If insects can be dealt with by treating insecticides, the worms pose a great threat. The plants affected by them are dug up and, in order to prevent the spread of nematodes, are destroyed. The area where Badan grew was repeatedly treated with insecticides against soil pests, and then left fallow until next year.
Preparing a Badan's Garden for Winter
Badany are cold-resistant, however in some snowy winters some cultivars can be frozen. So that in the spring the curtain would not look naked, and then not be restored for several years, young plants that did not have time to fully acclimatize should be warmed. This can be done with the help of a thick layer of mulch, for which they use fallen and dried leaves, lapnik, high-moss peat.
Planting and cultivation of bergenia - video