Aeration for lawn care in the spring and autumn
Therefore, in spring, when the soil is filled with water, grass growth is activated, it is important for plants to help and provide them with air. For this purpose, conduct aeration lawns. The lawn care procedure is to pierce the cover. Point punctures with a depth of 8 to 10 cm are made at a short distance from each other over the entire area of the coating.
- helps oxygen penetrate deep into the soil;
- stimulates the activity of beneficial soil microorganisms;
- prevents the development of putrefactive fungi and bacteria;
- prevent substrate waterlogging;
- provides root respiration;
- accelerates grass cover after winter.
If the area under the grass is small, ordinary forks will help to cope with aeration.
With extensive lawn aeration after leaving after the winter requires mechanization. Here gasoline or electric aerators will be useful, which both speed up the work and simplify it many times over.
Re-aeration takes place closer to autumn. In summer, especially on hot days, such a lawn care procedure is not carried out.
Haircut: the main task of lawn care in the spring and summer
If the lawn is not cut, grass crops grow, and the surface loses its evenness. Therefore, haircut is the main lawn care measure. It is carried out, starting from spring and up to mid-autumn, when it is time to prepare the coating for “hibernation”.
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The main purpose of cutting as a stage of lawn care in spring and summer is to give a lawn a neat, attractive look. For any lawn area, its owner cannot do without a high-quality lawn mower or at least a trimmer, otherwise it is almost impossible to get even grass cover of the same height.
Grass cutting is preceded by lawn cleaning. This measure is needed not only to remove debris that could damage the mechanism of the lawn mower, but also to straighten the grass. Lawn mowed on sunny hot days. The grass must be dry, otherwise sticking of blades of grass to knives and damage to the means of mechanization cannot be avoided.
As part of regular lawn care in the summer, shearing is carried out as the leaf plates grow. The frequency depends on the weather conditions and the plant chosen for sowing.
Most often, the interval between mowings ranges from 2 to 4 weeks, but in order to delay the next procedure, some gardeners try to cut the grass lower. This is a dangerous mistake. Such a haircut greatly weakens the lawn, depriving the plants of an important feeding through photosynthesis. It is better if the grass cover maintains a height of 7–9 cm from the ground level.
Lawn mowing is carried out in two stages. At first, the area of the grass-covered area runs in one direction. The second treatment is carried out perpendicular to the original.
Top dressing of the lawn in the spring and autumn as part of lawn care
Lawn care in the spring at the dacha is not limited to cutting, aeration and timely cleaning. Frequent haircuts that cause intensive grass growth will invariably lead to a weakening of the plants and to the depletion of the soil reserves of nutrients and microelements.
Therefore, top dressing is an essential part of lawn care in spring, summer and autumn. Fertilization is carried out after cutting and always accompanied by abundant watering of plants. The frequency of fertilization depends on the condition of the plants. The interval between supplements varies from 4 to 6 weeks, with the first procedure being carried out immediately after the complete disappearance of the snow, and the last - two weeks before the onset of cold weather.
Lawn care in the fall is different from the spring. If during the active growing season the grass needs more nitrogen, by winter it is limited in this element, replacing it with potassium and phosphorus. To simplify the care of the lawn in the country, experts recommend the use of complex compositions that fully meet the requirements of cereals at different times of the year.
Fertilizers are applied in dry form manually or using a special device or the plants are fed with liquid means, including them in the irrigation scheme.
In addition to fertilizing, in spring and summer they fight weeds and fungi, often populating green lawns. If sometimes it is possible to cope with weed shoots manually, then only herbicides and systemic fungicides produced specifically for use in the care of dacha lawn will help to remove the mycelium from the site.
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Watering the country lawn: leaving the warm season
The lawn needs moisture throughout the warm season, when the grass grows and gets its nourishment from the ground. In the middle lane, you can water the lawn 2-3 times a week, but sometimes the weather makes its own adjustments to the schedule:
- during the rainy period watering is reduced or stopped completely. In the dry season,
- increases the amount of irrigation water, but never conducts the procedure at midday hours when the sun is as active as possible.
Due to the danger of damaging the surface root system of grass, under no circumstances does the lawn hose.
It is much more efficient to use all kinds of irrigation systems involving the dissection of water flow or the use of the drip method. To meet the needs of the lawn, the depth of soil should be 15–20 cm, otherwise part of the root system will be in dry ground, and the grass will not receive adequate nutrition.
Mulching: part of lawn care in the fall
Spring lawn care determines its future growth and beauty. Measures taken in the fall, help maintain the health of the grass until the next season.
From September to mid-October, lawn owners begin preparing lawns for wintering. An important element of lawn care at this time is soil mulching. The procedure consists in uniform sprinkling of a mixture of peat, sand and humus on the site, which helps:
- to increase the thickness of the nutrient layer of the soil;
- to improve the growth and renewal of the root system;
- stimulate grass growth;
- to level the lawn next year.
Take care of the lawn all year round. Only such a systematic approach will ensure a consistently long quality of grass cover, its beauty and uniform density.
Video about spring lawn care