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Among the many plants for landscape creation, Tatar honeysuckle holds a worthy place. There are many reasons for this, one of which is the unpretentiousness of the plant and its rapid growth. However, the cultural form is represented by several varieties of different decorative qualities. Creating a composition depends on the knowledge of these features.
Biological features and plant varieties
A tall honeysuckle bush with a height of up to 4 meters grows in the wild on sunny slopes and is in places a continuous underbrush. Separate bushes are sprawling and represent an umbrella or funnel. Very decorative leaves of the shrub. They are matte, dark green above, and gray below. Even with a slight breeze, the leaf plays and the bush of the Tatar honeysuckle seems to be waving affably, inviting us to come up.
During the month, it attracts bees and insects with double-colored twin-flowers on a long tubule. Flowers have all shades from white to deep pink. As a result of pollination by the end of summer the bush is littered with bright shiny berries. The color of honeysuckle is constantly changing from the game of leaves, the shade of flowers and the gradually reddening and reddening berries.
Young shoots near Tatar honeysuckle are hollow. The bark of young branches has a brown color, the old - gray, with peeling bands. Bark exfoliation is a common feature of all types of honeysuckle. Tatar honeysuckle blooms in May or June, depending on the habitat. The plant for the winter is exempt from foliage.
It should be noted that the fruits of honeysuckle are not only inedible, but poisonous. The age-old wisdom is confirmed. If in large quantities poison, in small medicine. The exact dose between small and large know only experts.
Varieties and ornamental features of the plant
Perfectly holding an attractive shape of the bush does not require much care. Therefore, the owners of country estates gladly planted honeysuckle bush, as a decorative ornament in the spring, when the flower garden is still poor. But this bush and in the summer pleases the eye, settling where others do not grow, on saline soil or in conditions of urban pollution. Mainly widespread varieties of European breeding:
- Hack Red.
Rozea bush in the Moscow region blooms in late May. He looks like a pyramid in a pink cloud. At the same time garden lilacs bloom, irises and peonies and the garden becomes fabulous with beauty and fragrance. The berries in this variety are round, brilliant bright orange. Tatar honeysuckle makes a shadow, drought, salinization of the soil and reproduces well by all known methods.
The representative of a sprawling form with thick saturated pink to crimson color, the shade is Hone Red honeysuckle bush. Unusually abundant flowering lasts until mid-June. The fruits of this bush are dark red. Elegans shrubs have red yellow striped flowers, and the leaves are variegated with yellow spots and stripes. Honeysuckle Zabelii blooms burgundy and her berries are light red.
In addition to these, there are varieties with white and yellow peduncles, with different flowering periods and different leaf shapes. Select the desired plant can be guided by the advice of experienced gardeners and specialists.
Honeysuckle Tatar planting and care
There is a lot of information on how to grow honeysuckle. All forms of this species multiply:
- young shoots;
The cuttings are carried out both with young shoots in the summer, and lignified cuttings, cut off at the beginning of winter and stored until spring in the copland. The substrate for the germination of cuttings is a mixture of sand and peat. Cuttings are treated with a root formers, they can be heteroauxin, and at an angle of 45 degrees they are placed in a seedling box, covering the top with a film to create a microclimate in a greenhouse. After the appearance of the first leaves of the plant should be left to develop in a protected place, covered for the winter with spruce frost. Spring cuttings to land on a permanent place. Honeysuckle should be transplanted when stable heat comes. Under favorable conditions, flowering will come next year.
It is possible to quickly multiply the plant, wearing a part of the bush when it becomes an adult, after three years. Honeysuckle bush is propagated by layering, which is added to the ground. At the same time during the summer the twig will take root, but it should be transplanted to a permanent place only next spring.
How to grow honeysuckle from seed can be found in the special literature, or on the website. But when growing from seeds, the varietal signs of the mother plant are not preserved. Therefore, the reproduction of bushes is better to lead vegetatively.
Caring for an adult plant is easy to maintain. An unpretentious plant can be quite decorative with minimal attention. Care and trimming of honeysuckle will add decorativeness to it. So, if the bush is thickened, then the branches will deviate and the bush will look running. Spring pruning and formation will add a number of flowers and give the plant the desired shape.
In the spring, honeysuckle bush can be fed with complex fertilizer before flowering, and in the fall to make ash in the tree trunk. When honeysuckle is grown, as a decoration of the garden, care for it should consist not only in watering and fertilizer, but also in protection from pests and diseases. With the advent of disease, beauty is lost not only in man.
From pests the leaves of honeysuckle loves aphid. But mites and all kinds of bugs and caterpillars love this shrub. Taking into account the fact that this shrub does not participate in the human food chain, it is worth processing it in a week with such strong preparations as Actellic. The fact is that the pests that have multiplied on the bush will later move to cultivated plants.
Fungal, bacterial and viral diseases also do not bypass the Tatar honeysuckle. Here, regular treatment with fungicides and folk remedies can help. However, it is necessary to reduce nitrogen supplements and add potassium and phosphates. They change the composition of the juice, and the plant is less exposed to pests. But to give up a beautiful shrub does not make sense. Not he, so another plant will become a source of settling of uninvited guests, in conditions of constrained management of collective gardens.