.Spathifyllum care can be found in apartments and offices, they are decorated with public buildings and green schools. Without any tricks and labor on the part of the owner, in response to the usual care, the flower Spathiphyllum gives a new lance-like foliage and produces peduncles with a white, flag-like or blanket bract.
However, this wonderful plant may also have problems, which it signals by all available means, for example, by changing the color of the leaves, their withering or drying. Why does the spathiphyllum turn yellow leaves, and what should the grower do in this case?
Feeding and transplanting - essential care for the spathiphyllum flower.
The yellowness on the leaves of a recently healthy green bush appears quickly and can be a sign of various problems. Due to the similarity of symptoms, even experienced lovers rarely immediately find the cause of this behavior of the plant. But it is impossible to delay, since the death of the foliage entails a general weakening of the spathiphyllum, and sometimes it can also signal irreversible putrefactive processes on the roots.
Most often the source of problems with spathiphyllum is in the care of the flower, or rather, in the lack of attention to the plant.
If the plant has long and abundantly bloomed, yellowing leaves can mean fatigue of a shrub that has spent all the forces and available nutrients. In this case, the foliage from the lower tiers of the first begins to experience a similar deficit, evenly changes color, and then fades.
A top dressing can help a plant, and if the yellowed spathiphyllum has not been transplanted for a long time, then its transfer to a new, looser pot with nutritious loose soil.
In the future, in order to avoid similar problems, it is necessary to feed the plant twice a year and, as necessary, in the spring, replant the shrub into a pot in size.
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Spathiphyllum turns yellow when it is in uncomfortable conditions for a long time. Most often growers make the mistake of exposing the pot to direct sunlight. Although Spathiphyllum is very light-requiring, scorching, especially the summer sun becomes the cause of yellowness, and even burns of leaf plates. But with a lack of sun, the spathiphyllum responds by slowing the growth and pallor of the leaves.
If in the summer the main enemy of the plant is a bright sun, then in the winter excessive air dryness is detrimental to the spathiphyllum.
When the pot is close to the heating devices, it is unlikely that yellowing of the above-ground part and the yellow ones will be avoided. Yellowing, and then dying off of the leaf begins with the tip, gradually spreading and occupying most of the leaf plate. As a result, the plant weakens, stops flowering ahead of time and may die.
Therefore, wanting to see the plant healthy and beautiful, you can:
- remove the spathiphyllum away from the battery;
- put next to the water tank;
- use an air humidifier;
- use a spray bottle to spray the plant.
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In any case, the plant will respond with lush greenery. Slightly damaged leaves acquire the same color, and the leaf plates that have begun to dry are better removed so that they do not become a breeding ground for harmful fungi and pests.
Spathiphyllum turns yellow due to irregularities in irrigation schedule
If the leaves turn yellow on the spathiphyllum, and the color change begins from the edges of the leaf plate on which dried black rims form, this may be a flower response to a violation of the irrigation regime:
- If there is a lack of moisture, the earth dries out and does not provide the plant with adequate nutrition.
- Excessively moistened soil, especially with a rather low temperature of the air in the room, is a serious risk of the development of rot and fungi that are parasitic on the spathyfillum.
Ideally, the substrate will be constantly wet, but no stagnant moisture should be allowed.
Therefore, in winter, the intensity and frequency of watering is reduced. And in the summer, when the need for moisture increases, to reduce evaporation, the soil is mulched with pebbles or sphagnum moss.
Micronutrient deficiencies are the cause of yellowing of spathiphyllum.
What should I do if the spathiphyllum leaves turn yellow entirely? Most often, this symptom can be considered a sign of nutritional deficiency or a deficiency of individual elements in the soil. Ambulance in this case is fertilizing with complex fertilizer for indoor plants. If the roots of the flower are completely covered with an earthen ball, then it is better to transplant the plant immediately, and if necessary to divide a large shrub.
Spathiphyllum is very sensitive to magnesium deficiency. The deficiency of this element leads to a lag of growth and weakness of the plant. At the same time, the leaves of the spathiphyllum turn yellow in such a way that the veinlets remain green and the tissues between them turn yellow or brown. These bushes are fed magnesium sulfate.
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Pests and diseases of the spathiphyllum
The yellowness of the foliage is not only a consequence of improper care of the spathiphyllum flower. Plants can be affected by pests and diseases, no less dangerous than lack of nutrition or the gulf of roots.
Among the pests that cause damage to plants, mealybugs, spider mites and thrips are more common. In this case, after identifying the source of danger:
- bushes treated with insecticides;
- in the presence of soil pests are transplanted and fed.
As a preventive measure, it is reasonable to take only decontaminated soil, which will help protect the bush from infection with harmful fungi.
It is possible to talk about a disease of fungal origin in a situation when the lower leaves of the spathiphyllum turned yellow, began to dry out, and the brown spots, growing, occupy the foliage in the neighborhood. If you do not take urgent measures, the disease to seize the stems and roots, causing irreparable damage to the plant.
In this case, the infected parts of the plant will have to be cut off and treated with a fungicide. It will be useful to inspect the roots and the shortened stem, since the resettlement of the fungus can be accompanied by the reproduction of putrefactive bacteria and damage to these parts of the plant.
Spathiphyllum is not at all capricious, but only a healthy plant that receives regular, competent care can please the florist with bright greens and abundant flowering.
Video about the correct watering spathiphyllum