Connecting the heater yourself: diagrams and instructions
Installing a water heater allows a person to significantly improve the comfort of living, since problems with centralized water supply are known to virtually everyone. The scheme of connecting a water heater to a water pipe directly depends on the type of boiler and the features of the water pipe in a particular apartment or house. Today, the most popular are electric water heaters, which are accumulating and flowing. Both versions are distinguished by a number of operational advantages that serve as a reliable source of hot water.
- 1Types of water heaters
- 2Installation of electric water heaters
- 3Connecting the boiler to the water supply
- 4Connecting the boiler to the mains
- 5Installation of gas water heater - work for a professional
Types of water heaters
The most popular today are electric water heaters. They come in two types:
Flowing electrical similar work on the following principle: through them passes the water, which the device heats. The heating time is much less compared with the storage one, which is an advantage for the flow-through heater, while the flow heater consumes more electricity. Also, there is another unquestionable advantage for the flow-through heater, the flow-through boiler has much smaller dimensions, which makes it possible to place it practically without restrictions.
The most popular for today are electric storage boilers. Therefore, the question of how to connect a storage water heater has always been very relevant. Structurally, they are a tank of a certain size, where the water is heated. The duration of one heating cycle is quite large, but the power consumption of the storage one is much lower than that of a flowing one, the flow heater always consumes more. The body of the storage boiler has a higher thermal insulation, so the water cools down here long enough. Together, this provides a good economy.
In a separate group of similar equipment, gas boilers are reduced. They work from the main gas, so if you have it in the house, experts recommend installing this particular model. It is much cheaper than electric flow, flowing while less economical.
Installation of electric water heaters
The way to fix the problem of connecting a storage water heater to a water pipe is an extremely important aspect of the installation of equipment. The installation of the boiler starts from the selection of the location and fastening. Here, the nicest place for fixing is the niche, the corner of the bathroom, toilet or kitchen. The heater should be positioned as close as possible to the points of the watershed.
To fix the storage water heater it is better to choose a pair of reliable anchors made of high-quality steel and having a diameter of more than 10 mm. A pair of these anchors can withstand more than 600 kg. Compactness of the water heater, flowing, has very small dimensions and light weight, it allows to place it almost everywhere. It is fastened to the most common dowels 6x60 mm.
Before drilling the anchor holes, it is necessary to correctly analyze the location of the boiler. To do this, measure the distance between the holes under the fasteners. Then they need to be transferred to the wall surface. Then you need to estimate the "fit" whether the device in the dimensions of the room. A hole punch is used to make holes.
After installing the water heater, it must be connected to the water supply and electricity.
Connecting the boiler to the water supply
The connection diagram of the storage water heater, as well as the flow-through water heater, has several features, it is quite simple. To properly connect an electric boiler to the water supply, it is necessary to install a stop valve (cranes) at the outlet of the risers of cold and hot water. Before this, you need to cut off the water supply in the house or the apartments to lower the excess pressure. Further mounted shut-off valves are closed and water is turned on in the apartment. Thus, during the installation of equipment tenants of the apartment can use water. After the cranes are put tees. At low quality of water in the house it is recommended to additionally install special filters. Then, at the cold water supply, a safety valve is put in the boiler. It is needed to reduce excess pressure in the device..
At the final stage of connecting the heater to the water main, it is very important to correctly connect the tees with polypropylene pipes or flexible plumbing. Otherwise, leaks will appear at the connection points, which will lead to serious problems. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to isolate the connection points with the tape or the tape of Fuma..
After connecting all pipes of the boiler to the water supply, you need to carefully look at the system for leaks. It is necessary to open hot water from the boiler and cold from the riser. After filling the tank, water will begin to escape from the tap. Then you need to close the tap and inspect the connection points.
Connecting the boiler to the mains
After connecting the heater to the water supply, you need to switch to its connection to the mains. The electrical diagram of the water heater can help a lot, which must be studied before carrying out the work. This will allow the correct connection of the equipment and ensure its safe operation. This circuit, as a rule, is identical for both accumulating and flowing, the flow-through boiler has no special features when connected to the mains.
High-capacity water heaters are recommended to be connected to the network, after consultation with a professional electrician. In general, it is recommended to trust this procedure to specialists, since powerful devices need additional wiring. Models with a power of 2-3 kW are connected to any nearby outlet. The main thing is to ground the device.
Installation of gas water heater - work for a professional
Independent connection of the gas water heater is strictly prohibited. This applies to both the storage boiler and the flow-through boiler, the flow-through boiler must also be installed by a specialized company. The latter must have an appropriate license to work with gas equipment. Otherwise, the conduct of such work is considered a serious offense..