Content of the article:
Areal flowering evergreen shrub gardenia - the tropics and subtropicsChina, Asia and Africa. Gardenia jasmine-shaped care at home requires special. The slightest slip leads to dropping foliage, fading and even the death of a flower. On the windowsill, the plant can live from one year to seven years depending on the compliance with agrotechnology.
How to recognize you, gardenia jasminoid?
At home, an adult bush can grow from 50 to 180 cm tall. It has strong lignified shoots with shiny leaves and fragrant large flowers. Gardenia blooms in nature twice a year. In the culture derived large-flowered forms with a long flowering period.
However, to grow and wait for the flowering of the capricious beauty is not easy. It is difficult to create the desired microclimate and maintain it unchanged at home. At the slightest deviation in the care of the gardenia, the jasmine-shaped responds by changing the color of the leaves, fading, dropping flowers and cover.
Even prolonged bad weather can spoil the mood of a tropical guest. Lack of light leads to plant fading. It is important to organize the backlight sissy to relieve stress. Moreover, now there are special lighting lamps. Does not tolerate the plant:
- prolonged exposure to direct midday sunlight;
- dry air;
- improper watering and nutrition;
- uncomfortable temperature.
Flowering occurs at the tips of the shoots and axillary, closer to the light. Therefore, the annual pruning of woody twigs allows you to make the bush decorative and gives planting material for reproduction - cuttings.
In the caring hands of the skillful hostess, gardenia jasmine, photos, will delight with a radiant look and an exquisite aroma of flowers. The aroma is strong and in the bedroom there is no place for a flower.
When caring for a plant, you need to know that all parts of the flower are poisonous and you should work in protective gloves.
How to care for the garden jasmine
Plant care is to create a comfortable environment for it. In a residential environment, the required microclimate in a limited volume is achieved by constant care of the flower. Thus it is necessary to create:
- correct lighting;
- temperature conditions;
- watering and microclimate;
- substrate and nutrition;
The main condition is the absence of abrupt climatic changes, to which gardenia jasmine-like reacts painfully.
A place with a good diffused light is chosen for a long time. A flower is not only rearranged, it is impossible to turn, otherwise it will drop buds. Therefore, the south-western and southern window on hot days with shading will be just right. Favorably flower refers to the open balcony and loggia, and even a terrace in front of the house. In winter, gardenia requires a backlight with a fluorescent or LED lamp, the air is heated from an incandescent lamp.
Compliance with the temperature regime of gardenia jasmine-shaped requires strict maintenance. In summer, the plant blooms at a temperature not higher than 22-240 C. The plant exposed to fresh air, before the beginning of flowering, is brought into the room and creates the desired temperature. In winter, buds are formed on the shoots. At a temperature of 16-18 there will be a lot of them. And if the temperature is higher, sprigs will grow to the detriment of the formation of fruit buds.
Subtropical plants need moist air. In the care of the jasmine-shaped gardenia at home, this is achieved by spraying the leaves, but the buds and flowers must remain dry. The evaporator, an aquarium nearby, or a tray with a wet substrate and stones on which the pot is installed will save the situation.
Special requirements for irrigation water. Hard water, from which the kettle is scum, is unsuitable. Only soft, otstoyannaya, river or rainwater can be used to moisturize the clod of earth. In the summer the flower is watered often. If the drainage passes excess moisture, there should be no stagnation. In winter, watering is carried out moderately, but without drying out the coma.
The soil's moisture content and the nutrition of the root system depend on the composition of the soil. Therefore, after the purchase of the plant, and each time the earth is depleted, the jasmine-shaped gardenia needs to be transplanted. The substrate is prepared sour, based on heather or peat-coniferous soil.
You can take ready-made soil for azaleas, but you can make it in equal shares:
- riding red peat;
- land of coniferous forests;
- leafy ground;
- coarse sand;
- turf ground.
Drainage is made of expanded clay, which must first be boiled by removing salt from the pores. The soil should be acidified and a little natural lemon juice is added to the irrigation water 2 times a month.
Chelate iron salts are used as a top dressing for the flower, as the plant needs this element more. All dressings exclude calcium and magnesium, as they will make the soil unusable, the plant will have to be transplanted. During the growing season, gardenia jasminoid needs phosphorus - potash fertilizers. Nitrogen is needed to build green mass. But everything is good in moderation. Excess salts not absorbed by the plant poison the soil.
Gradually the root system expands, the soil becomes poor, the drainage pores are silted up, and the gardenia requires a jasmine-like transplant.
Any plant transplant during the growing season will result in a drop of buds. Therefore, even a purchased flower is transplanted at a time when the buds and flowers have not yet appeared. But if you need to save jasmine gardenia, you will have to sacrifice flowering.
The plant is transplanted after autumn flowering, that is, in late autumn and before the beginning of February. For small bushes use the method of transshipment. It is not necessary to cross every year, the main thing is that it is completely enveloped in roots and retains its shape.
Large bushes free from a lump of old earth, shaking it off. The roots are pruned, treated with activated charcoal, a root formation stimulant and arranged in the same container, after replacing the substrate. Set the pot to a permanent place.
Gardenia Jasmine, black and fall leaves
A signal to look closely at the plant will be the blackening of the leaves and dropping them. The reason may be the poor performance of the root system, which does not provide bush nutrition.
If the lower leaves turn black, you need to check:
- did not condense the soil in the pot and become airtight;
- whether the drainage holes are clogged, creating stagnant water;
- excess fertilizer can give the same reaction.
If the head has blackened, you need to look for pests. It is possible that a bacterial or viral disease has appeared on the plant and the supply of nutrients to the upper part is disturbed. If the leaves fall, it can be caused by any abnormalities in the care of gardenia jasmine at home.
The appearance of fungal diseases, accompanied by spots, bloom and death of leaves. The fight lies in the processing of fungicides. The best way is to pick the diseased plants and burn them, and treat the plant, including the roots, and transplant in fresh soil or other dishes.
Gardenia jasmine yellow leaves
An indicator of the health of indoor plants is the state of the leaves. If the leaves of gardenia turn yellow, it is urgent to look for the cause:
- Yellowing of the lower tier of the leaves suggests whether the moisture balance is disturbed or the plant stands in a draft. It is necessary to reduce watering, remove the pallet with pebbles.
- The yellowness of the upper leaves indicates a lack of nitrogen or its poor absorption. This is a sign of irrigation with hard water, as a result of which the acidity of the soil is disturbed.
- In case of insufficient illumination, the gardenia jasmine-shaped turns yellow and drops buds and leaves. The plant lacks iron in chelated form or nitrogen. Only it is necessary to restore the balance gradually, otherwise the effect will be the opposite.
The reason for the yellowing may be the colonization of leaves spider mites. Any deviation in the content of gardenia leads to stopping flowering and dropping the buds.
Reproduction of gardenia jasminoid at home.
. There are two methods of reproduction - seed and vegetative. In seed reproduction, the main condition is the freshness of the seeds. They can be obtained independently in room conditions, waiting for maturation. It must be recalled that the seeds of gardenia are poisonous.
The cuttings are the tops of lignified shoots. They take root in the greenhouse, in the sand-peat mixture in summer, when the bush is formed, removing part of the stems. Rooted plants are later transplanted into the prepared substrate, and after six months the young plant may bloom.
How to grow a gardenia jasmine-shaped from
seeds In a wide bowl with drainage holes, expanded clay or coarse sand with small pebbles is poured into a third. Soil for growing shkolki consists of equal parts of peat, sand and coniferous land.
Seeds are soaked for a day in growth stimulants. For growing from seeds, the gardenia jasmine-shaped is laid out on the surface of the substrate and sprinkled on top with a mixture of half a centimeter thick. The earth is moistened from above with an atomizer, hides behind itself and is placed in a warm, bright place. Soil temperature should be stable at 25 degrees. The shelter is periodically cleaned and the soil is moistened. Sprouts will appear in a month.
When the seedlings get stronger and real leaves appear, they should be seated in the smallest cups one by one and covered until they take root. In the future, will have to replant more than once, until after two years the bush blooms.
It is more profitable to reproduce gardenia jasmine-like grafting, since flowering occurs faster, after six months.