Grass cover, without receiving additional care, watering or feeding, grows well, and sometimes becomes a problem for the owner of the site. But such unpretentiousness and self-sufficiency are fair only for wild-growing herbs.
If a lawn is broken on the backyard territory or in the garden, it becomes a zone of constant attention.
Why fertilize the lawn?
There are several reasons for the loss of ornamental lawn, dry grass, its fading and lack of growth. Among the main factors - a procedure aimed at maintaining the site in a well-groomed form and encouraging plants to form new foliage.
With its undoubted benefit, haircut is a serious injury that leads to the loss of part of the leaf plates and a decrease in the intensity of photosynthesis.
Lawn grass experiences a similar effect when changing season, for example, in hot sun or in rainy cold weather. Not in the best way on the state of the lawn reflected mechanical loads. Like other plants, lawn species are susceptible to diseases and attacks by uninvited guests.
Therefore, besides watering and regular cutting, grass cover needs additional feeding, and, depending on the season, the needs of plants for the resulting elements vary significantly.
How to fertilize the lawn in the spring? How to make him grow, maintain beauty in the summer and prepare for care under the snow?
The nutrients and trace elements that plants constantly need are contained in the soil. Intensively growing cultures deplete the substrate, resulting in deterioration of the quality of the plants themselves. This is especially noticeable in areas with perennial vegetation, which includes lawns.
Any lawn fertilizers are designed to:
- to quickly overcome the effects of cutting or seasonal weather changes;
- to maintain the tone of the grass;
- improve its decorative effect;
- to increase resistance to diseases, pests and weeds.
To replenish soil reserves, use compositions containing everything necessary for growth and development.
What do lawn fertilizers contain?
The main elements that all green plants need are phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. If the lawn is denied fertilizer, soon there will be yellow spots on the grass, the cover will become less succulent and thick.
Nitrogen is needed to maintain growth, color foliage and its constant renewal. His plant receives and spends more than the rest, so it is extremely necessary to replenish the wasted amount.
The greatest need for this fertilizer is in the lawn in the spring, when the grass is activated after the winter dormant period, the formation of leaves at the old rosettes begins, the root layers start growing. In the spring months fertilizing with a nitrogen-containing compound is carried out at least twice. In the summer, the need for this element is also not reduced.
It is important to remember that by the autumn, the application of nitrogen fertilizers to the lawn must be stopped, otherwise an overabundance of this element may adversely affect the quality of the cover covering the snow.
Nitrogen-stimulated young shoots do not withstand wintering, rot and become the cause of disease development throughout the site. As a result of the death of plants, the integrity and decorativeness of the coating is lost. And the owner of the lawn will have to undertake time-consuming work to rehabilitate the site and seeding grass.
Applying phosphate fertilizers to the lawn in the spring causes the grass to turn green earlier, making its root system strong and branched. Plants that do not lack this element tolerate summer heat and drought better, and form new shoots more actively. Similar functions are in potassium. He, like phosphorus, can be made under the lawn grass or at the beginning of the season, in spring or in autumn.
The optimum ratio of macronutrients in lawn fertilizer is rather difficult to calculate, and an incorrectly chosen compound can bring not good, but harm to plantings. Therefore, experts advise to use complex tools designed for a certain season.
application instructions Fertilizer for Fertilizer lawns: feeding from spring to autumn
Complex fertilizers are designed to meet all the needs of plants. Such compositions can be produced in granular form for application to the ground. Or the manufacturer requires the dilution of the funds, then feeding is carried out using a sprinkler.
Liquid feeding is a quick way to replenish your nutrient supply. Granular fertilizers for lawn have a longer effect, since the active substances enter the soil not in full, but as the individual particles dissolve. As a result, top dressing can be done less frequently without fear of deterioration in the quality of the soil and loss of the decorative effect of the grass cover.
Today at the disposal of gardeners there are means in which the elemental composition is selected so that it exactly meets the needs of the grass in spring and summer and autumn.
An example of this is fertilizer for the Fertik lawn. In the line for feeding lawn grasses, two products, including the main macro-and micronutrients and fully ready for use.
Fertilizer intended for use in spring for a lawn of this series:
- increases the density of grass cover;
- improves color, juicy green parts of plants;
- activates grass growth;
- helps the lawn to resist the growth of weeds, moss, pests and diseases;
- maintains plant tone and their resistance to adverse conditions.
Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the approximate ratio of 1: 1: 2 are included in the composition of the fertilizer. Not only does the tool deposited in the soil supply the plants with the basic elements, it replenishes the substrate with a set of important trace elements. In the spring, lawn fertilizer is applied as soon as the soil is free of snow. Last processing is carried out in August. And then, according to the requirements of the plant, will have to change the composition.
The main share of nitrogen should fall into the soil in spring and summer, for this reason, in the second fertilizer for the lawn Fertik, intended for autumn, its amount is reduced by half, but the share of phosphorus and potassium is increased.
This selection of components helps:
- strengthens the immunity of lawn grass;
- better accumulation of nutrients that are essential in the autumn-winter period;
- fully save the lawn and even improve its quality in the next season.
This complex composition is not only used for autumn feeding from August to November, it will be useful when laying a new lawn section.
How to apply fertilizer for a lawn?
Asking the question: “What is a lawn to fertilize in the spring?”, Many gardeners forget about the correctness of the dressing.
Any, even the most effective means will be useless if the fertilizer gets into the soil in inappropriate weather or its distribution over the soil is uneven.
No matter how carried out dressing, manually or using mechanized means, it is important to follow several rules:
- Spring dressing is carried out when the snow has completely melted and the lawn is cleared of last year’s dead vegetation and foliage.
- During the rapid growth of grass, fertilizers for the lawn are applied after each second shearing, and two passes are made along and across the site, using half the required volume of granules.
- After each treatment of the lawn the area is watered, but in the rain it is better to temporarily refuse feeding. If fertilizer gets on wet foliage, it will damage the leaf plates. The same danger exists in the hot, dry period.
During the season, depending on the type of lawn, the intensity of grass wear, the composition of the soil and other factors, it may take from one to five supplements. Fertilizers for lawn are always made after mowing, and the last treatment is best carried out a couple of weeks before the onset of cold weather.
Since fertilizers are a chemically active product, until the granules have dissolved and have fallen into the ground, it is better to restrict access to the grass for children and domestic animals. This will eliminate the risk of poisoning, unwanted skin reactions and other problems.