Belarusian varieties are ubiquitous, as are tubers with an excellent presentation, and the taste properties of potatoes are high. Potatoes grown in Belarus also grow well in Russia and Ukraine.
- Belarusian potato varieties
- Selection of potatoes in Belarus
- Belarusian varieties
- potatoes The best varieties to plant in Belarus
- Benefits Belarusian varieties
- landing Features and care
- Early varieties of Belarusian potato breeding
- Top of mid and srednepozdnie varieties
- Which Belarusian varieties are the best-selling in Russia
- Zdabytak Belarusian selection
Belarusian potato varieties
Since Belarus itself is divided into three climatic zone, and varieties developed specifically for each zone to the tubers were given the planned harvest. In this country, potato is the second bread in importance.
And therefore, the development of new varieties that give stable large yields are of great interest.
Selection of potatoes in Belarus
Today the country ranks seventh in the world in potato cultivation and selection in the country does not stand still. There are new developments that meet all the requirements of global standards.
Varieties have high taste. Now they are breeding potatoes capable of preserving tubers for quite a long time at a temperature of 3 degrees of heat.
In Belarus, the type of local selection of Zhuravinka variety is cultivated by the variety that cultivates every second farm. He has the presence of starch 18.5%, reddish skin and cream-colored flesh.
640 c per hectare. The nutritional properties are excellent and the variety resists diseases well.
The selection of Belarusian scientists was the variety Skarb - which in translation from the Belarusian language means “wealth”.This is not a random name, because the tubers themselves when digging resemble gold bars. Skin of a tuber of a yellowish shade and rounded shape.
Skarb table destination with a starch content of 16.5%.When preparing the tubers do not change the shade of a dark color. At the same time, it is remarkably preserved, and 645 c is collected.from one hectare.
Scientists believe that Skarb is also allowed to be used as a natural admixture for the soil in order to remove harmful components.
Breeders of the Belarusian Research Institute produced Zorachk .This species is collected to 310 c.from one hectare. The variety is round and large. The skin is yellowish, the flesh is the color of homemade butter.
Zorachka perfectly resists disease and remains dense until the end of winter.
Belarusian potato varieties
- RedAA.For the production of grow or purchase - Zdabytak, Atlant, Signum, Maximum.
In these varieties, overestimate of starch is made of it:
Belarusian varieties of potatoes are good because they are divided into different agro-climatic areas for cultivation.
The best varieties for planting in Belarus
Now choose species with a starch content in a fairly large proportion, since it meets the requirements for culinary and industrial consumption .In the correlation of the desired effect in the manufacturer’s catalog, the species are divided into groups with different purposes.
There is also a variation of varieties according to the aging time. But medium and species that ripen in the fall are more popular due to the fact that they have a long period of storage without effort.Dubrava Krinitsa Volat
Table 1 .Mid-season species that mature for 105 days.
Name of species Tubers Pulp Yield, tons / ha. Disease Restorationoval-shaped Cream 62.4 To cancer, scab and nematode
Table 2 .Medium late species that mature for 115 days.
Name of species Tubers Pulp Yield, tons / ha. disease resistance Zarnitsa Light pink oval Beige 52,7 High Zdabytak Red White oval 60,7 High Maximum yellowish creamy oval 56,8 High
Typesthat ripen in mid-autumn may be damaged by the first cold and therefore the varieties are cultivated only in the southern regions.Zarnitsa Zdabytak
Advantages of Belarusian varieties
On the territory of the Republic of more than 100 species of are cultivated in a variety of potato cultivation. All species are zoned for different areas. Tests are carried out for a long time, in order to understand how adapted the potato will be when grown in a particular region.
Also tubers are bred in such a way that food and product quality at the level of foreign selection. But unlike it, you do not need to do an annual update of planting seed.The fact that farmers do not need to regularly update seed for planting significantly saves the farm budget.
Planting potatoes do not require large fertilizers and harvests large yields of potatoes with the following qualities:
- Alignment of tubers relative to shape.
- Presentable appearance.
- Resistance to diseases characteristic of solanaceous plants.
- Excellent taste.
- Excellent preservation in the winter.
In the republic there is a well-equipped technical station and elite knowledge of agronomists who are developing new types of potatoes. At the same time, the seed obtained is well sold to , since it has long since been established sales to various countries.
The Republic produces a lot of elite seed seeds of sowing potatoes, which are sold after testing the state inspector who monitors the quality of the material. All this has been going on for more than 100 years.
Features of planting and care
In order to get a big harvest from the garden every year, first of all, you need to buy healthy seed material that corresponds to the form.Before planting, seed potatoes are germinated for 20 days at a temperature of 13 degrees Celsius.
The remaining agricultural cultivation technology is not different and includes :
- Treatments for the Colorado potato beetle and viral diseases.
At the same time, the soil for a large potato harvest should also be light and fertile.
Properly approach the cultivation of potatoes, creating the necessary conditions - this will be the necessary options for obtaining a good high-quality crop.
Early varieties of potatoes of the Belarusian selection
Assigned for use in food, bush 50 cm high and spreading with thin stems.
Table 3 .Features varieties Uladar.
Indicator Description Skin Yellow shade and smooth. Eyes Small and rarely located on the surface of the tuber. Flesh Creamy shade. Form Oval and large size, up to 12 pcs.in the bush. Starch 17%. Flowers Red-violet.
Resistant to numerous diseases of solanaceous plants.
Yield per hectare - 424 tons.
Designed for the manufacture of various dishes, with a moderate yield and a short shelf life.In order to preserve the harvest of the popular Aksamit variety in a room where potatoes are stored, the temperature should not rise above 2 degrees Celsius.
Table 4 .Features litter Aksamit.
Indicator Description Skin Yellow shade. Eyes Small. Pulp Pure white without admixture of other shades. Form Oval, large tubers up to 12 pcs.in the bush. Starch 16%. Flowers White shade.
Adapted for digging new potatoes.
The best middle and middle late varieties
The gap between these species is highlighted:
The capacity of starch in potatoes is high, which gives confidence that the mashed potatoes will be lumpy.
Table 5 .Features varieties Lasok.
Indicator Description Skin Yellow shade, with a rough mesh on the surface. Eyes Medium. Flesh Creamy cream shade. Shape Rather large and oval. Starch 20% Flowers White shade.
Lasunka has a remarkable resistance to diseases of solanaceous plants - cancer, late blight, scab, and viruses. The shelf life is only 4 months, provided that the temperature at the storage location is from –1 to +2 degrees.
When feeding planted potatoes, do not get involved in nitrogen fertilizers, otherwise the tops will grow too much and this will reduce the yield of potato tubers.
With good taste, almost never boiled soft. From this potato it is good to cook chips.
Table 6 .Features varieties Crane.
Indicator Description Skin Red tint, smooth to the touch. Eyes Small. Pulp Light yellow shade. Form Oval and medium size. Starch 19.5%. Flowers Red-violet hue.
The Crane is resistant to cancer and nematode, scab and blackleg, against late blight and viruses. A lot of potatoes are born in one bush and therefore a good harvest is produced.
The view is responsive to the nitrogen fertilizer. Excellent keeping quality, tubers with good storage can be stored until the next harvest. When cultivating requires watering.
Dining destination with a long shelf life and good taste.
Table 7 .Features varieties Yanka.
Indicator Description Skin Yellow shade, light mesh. Eyes Not deep. Flesh Cream shade. Form Tubers, oval shape, up to 12 pcs.in the bush. Starch 12-17%. Flowers White shade.
Well resists potato diseases such as golden nematode, cancer, scab, late blight.
is resistant to mechanical damage and has a storage time of 95 days, and therefore can be planted for commercial purposes.
Which Belarusian varieties are the top sellers in Russia
What everyone should plant in his personal garden himself, but before choosing which one, neither should the brand be familiar with the main indicators.
Manifesto A medium-early type of Belarusian breeding with great flavoring properties. Tubers with a starch content of 15%, the skin is reddish and creamy pulp.
Yield due to different conditions, but under normal conditions form 71 tg. It is stored for a long time , with temperature preservation at 4 ° C.
Vid has developed disease resistance and Manifesto cultivates on black soil.
Zdabytak Belarusian selection
Late technical type of potato containing starch above normal. Forms a crop up to 61 tenge. Tubers Zdabytka well boiled soft.
Valued by a high percentage of starch, reaching 27%, but during cultivation requires watering.
Early view of the Belarusian selection. This potato can replace the advertised Skarb .Tuber grows in the shape of a palm with a yellow skin, flesh of a light yellow shade, not deep eyes.
Content of starch substances 17%.Gather in good years to 72 tenge. Uladar resists most diseases.
Species adapted for cultivation on differently structured lands. Potatoes with excellent flavoring qualities - for culinary dishes.
While preferring potatoes made in the Republic of Belarus, you can be sure that in August-September we will dig out a crop of quality potatoes. If at the same time adhere to the recommended agricultural techniques, then yields will be stable .