15 ways to increase the yield of potatoes in the home garden

Potatoes are quite unpretentious and can grow anywhere. But the size of the crop is not always encouraging. To increase the yield of potatoes, you need to seriously approach such moments as planting, care, choice of variety. Secrets of increasing the number of harvested roots in the article.

Contents;growth of

  • Stimulating incision to increase the yield
  • Dependence on geolocation
  • Sly breakdown
  • Alternation of cropsur
  • fertile soil Planting
  • not densely
  • Growing without flowers
  • Standard methods to increase the yield of potatoes

    Productivity depends on many factors .Soil fertilizer alone is not enough.

    Numerous tricks will allow you to get a good crop of culture.

    The following factors influence a good result:

    • are big;
    • and a large number of root crops;
    • good immunity of potato will lead to a small amount of culling when sorting seeds;
    • time planting and harvesting affect the yield.

    Let us consider in more detail how to increase the yield of potatoes using standard methods.

    Planting material to increase yields

    To increase the yield, you need to properly select and prepare the seeds. Seed preparation begins in the fall, after harvest. If the potato is used for planting its own, then we must immediately select healthy, without cracks and put the tubers separately from the rest of the potatoes.

    The choice of material for planting: when packing seed potatoes, it is important that the fruits are firm, even in shape. If the potato has a non-standard form, this indicates its degeneration. These tubers are best not to use for planting.

    In early spring again, begins to prepare potatoes for planting .To do this, repeat the procedure for the selection of tubers. Best weight 50-80g.

    It is important not only to prepare the soil, but also to carefully inspect the tubers for planting.

    If a nematode is found on the seed, the potato is unsuitable for planting. The nematode is considered a very dangerous disease and infects all potatoes at once.

    If the tubers are frozen or have an unpleasant putrid odor, they should also be removed.

    Pre-plant preparation of tubers and planting methods

    Selected tubers to plant on trees. To do this, they should be decomposed in the light, in a room that is well ventilated. The temperature of should not be lower than 10С .Landscaping last for a month. Periodically plant material to turn.

    Another method of potato sprouting is in plastic bags. Pierce a 100 cm by 30 cm long bag, making holes 1 cm apart in a 10 cm interval. Fill the bags with planting material and hang in a well-lit room.

    Planting potatoes with the right method will give excellent results. There are more than a hundred modern methods, but the most effective are the following:

    1. Landing under the trench .Suitable for sandy soils. In the autumn, trenches of 30: 100 cm should be dug. A layer of 15 cm of hay should be laid in the trench, and fertilized with manure mixed with ash. During the frost period the layer is compacted. In the spring, planting material is laid out in a trench and lightly sprinkled with soil.
    2. Landing under the wells .In the autumn, it is recommended to prepare a plot: fertilize, mulch the soil. In spring, the tubers are planted by digging holes. Germinated tubers are placed in the hole to a depth of 8-10 cm shoots up. It is recommended to fertilize the top with manure and ash.
    3. Landing under the ridges .If the land in the garden is clay or dirt, then fit the ridges at a distance of 20: 80cm. Combs can be made with the help of agricultural engineering. Planting material is planted in the hollows located on the top of the ridges.

    Potato fertilizer

    Potato feed: in the spring before digging the vegetable garden to fertilize. Combinations can be different. Root top dressing is made until the moment of hilling. To do this, a 20 cm deep stake is driven into the recess, and a fertilizer solution is poured into the recess.

    For 1 deepening of there are three bushes of .Each plant will take as much feeding as it needs. It is recommended to fertilize chicken manure. It contains - potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen. It must be added to the ash in a ratio of 2: 1.

    Consider the most effective fertilizers, thanks to which you can get a rich harvest:

    • Urgasas .Compost is applied before planting between the rows and sprinkled with 5 cm of soil. The fertilized area needs to be watered. During the month, worms will spread compost over the entire area of ​​the site;
    • Super Pixel Supercompost. Add to the wells immediately before planting;
    • Kemira .Sprinkle into the hole when planting, at the rate of 15-20g in each hole. This is a little less than a teaspoon. Before you put the potato, you need to sprinkle the granules with earth;
    • Gibbersib .Natural growth regulator. Soak the seed for 2 hours in the solution and then rinse with water, sow or put on germination;
    • Appin .Growth stimulant;
    • Silk .After using Silk, potatoes gain weight, the level of starch increases, and the roots are well preserved until spring.

    Hilling

    Do on moist soil. Hilling is performed in several stages:

    1. When the potato grows 10 cm;
    2. When tuber formation begins;
    3. When the bushes grow to 25 cm.

    Hilling can be done in two ways:

    • using the manual hiller .The device is used for processing the soil between the beds;
    • walker .Universal device for loosening the soil and harvest. It is possible to use a hiller behind or three-row nozzles, which will spud 3 bushes at the same time.

    Watering

    Immediately after planting, you do not need to water the potatoes, the root system is being installed. Watering rules:

    • watering should be done in the evening to reduce the evaporation of moisture;
    • the first watering is carried out a month after planting;
    • the most peak of watering - flowering period;
    • for moistening the soil you need to use tepid water. Ice water can chill the plant;
    • watering is done in parts, first half is poured under the bush, and after absorbing, the rest of the water is poured;
    • can not be watered with a direct stream;
    • must not be watered with plants before harvesting .
    When and how to water the potatoes: before the formation of peduncles, the potatoes are watered every 10 days. With high air temperature - every 7 days. When flowers appear, increase watering. Each plant consumes up to 15 liters of water.

    After flowering, increase the amount of watering to 20 liters per bush. Reduce watering to 3 liters with wilting tops. With full drying of the stems, watering should be stopped altogether.

    Pest and Disease Control

    The most common potato pests are: Colorado potato beetle, golden nematode, wireworm, bear. Pest control measures:

    • to plant crops at the place where legumes, grains, and beets used to grow;
    • in the autumn you need to dig the ground;
    • , before planting, the tubers should be checked for any damage, growth or disease;
    • when planting, process potatoes with chemical solutions for pests and diseases ;
    • to make organics before planting. Add to the hole bird droppings 1: 3;
    • choose disease resistant varieties of potatoes;
    • after harvesting mowing and burning tops.

    Secrets to increasing the yield

    In order to increase the yield, you need to follow the recommendations of the gardeners. There are several secrets.

    Disinfection of planting material

    Seed tubers need and be sure to disinfect .This is a good prevention from diseases and pests. To do this, soak the tubers for 2 hours in a solution of potassium permanganate 0.5 g per 10 liters of water, copper sulfate 5 g, boric acid 15 g.

    Swimming in a nutrient solution to accelerate the growth of

    Potatoes must be kept in a nutrient solution 2 days before planting - this will help accelerate the growth of the culture. Method of making at home:

    • to mix superphosphate 40 g, nitrogen fertilizer 40 g, potassium salt 40 g;
    • add solution in 10 liters of water;
    • pour on tubers without sprouts.

    Stimulating notch to increase the yield

    We do more harvest: for better sprouting of the potato, cut the tubers across by of thickness, then spread them out for 3-4 weeks indoors at t 10 degrees. The ring cut is made at a depth of 1 cm to completely surround the tuber.
    Ring Cut

    Potato Dependence on Geolocation

    Some gardeners believe that the best yield direction of potato furrows is from north to south. In our latitudes, before lunch, the sun will illuminate the eastern side of the rows, and then - the western. This will allow the to saturate the crop with heat and light as much as possible.

    A clever break

    After flowering in 2-3 weeks, break the stems at a height of 15 cm from the ground. This method will significantly improve the yield of the bush. It is necessary to break the stem in such a way that it does not lose its integrity, but could not recover anymore. After this procedure, the nutrients are sent to the tubers, and not to the stem.

    Alternating crops

    To potato yielded a big crop, it is recommended to alternate cultures. Good planting root crop after: legumes, pumpkin, cabbage, cucumbers .

    High-yield soils

    The place of planting potatoes must be smooth, without holes, so that moisture does not linger in them. It is good to plant potatoes in loam, sandy loam, drained peatlands, gray soils. Acid soils are not suitable.

    Proper preparation for planting potatoes: to prepare the garden is from the end of the summer .Digging should be carried out, urea added 10 g, ammonium nitrate 15 g, superphosphate 15 g and potassium salt 10 g.

    Plant not thickly

    Increase in yield depends on the width between rows of potatoes. Recommended width for early varieties is 65-70 cm, for late ones - 75-80 cm.

    Growing without flowers

    Blooming potatoes reduce harvest by a quarter. All organic matter is distributed throughout the plant, as well as in flowers by 25%.Therefore, should not wait until the flowers appear .It is recommended to remove flower stalks immediately when they originate.

    Potato flowers reduce the yield of

    culture. If you follow all the above tips, the crop will increase significantly. Good luck to you!

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