Chickens are the most common type of bird that people grow in their own backyard. This is due to the relatively low laboriousness of the growing process, unlike other farm animals, as well as the relatively fast growth of the bird.
Chicken meat is in great demand due to its low fat content. But in order to achieve the optimal ratio of meat and fat in chicken, you must still make an effort.
The main focus in raising chickens should be on feeding.
It is necessary to feed daily chickens 5 times per day, as they grow, reducing the number of feedings.
In order to achieve high results, a chicken should receive a specific set of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals. All ingredients are collected in the required proportions in the feed. This is a dry bulk mixture consisting of crushed grain, feed additives, vitamins and minerals.
Chickens that feed on feed quickly gain weight. In addition, it is an economical type of feed. Waste when using compound feed is not formed, it is not required to be cleaned from feeders.
Broilerselyayut following types of feed: for laying hens; for broilers; for egg cross-country roosters; for roosters meat cross.
compound feed for hens increases the egg production of chickens, improves the nutritional quality of the eggs, and strengthens the shell.
Using feed for broilers reduces poultry rearing time, forms the optimal ratio of meat and fat in the carcass.
Compound feed for breeding roosters is aimed at increasing productivity and getting more healthy offspring.
In addition, it is subdivided:
for chickens; for young; for adult chicken.
This is due to the fact that
at each stage of the chicken’s life requires a certain set of nutrients , which is contained in the feed.
Compound feed is distinguished not only by its composition, but also by its form. It is made of two types:
Powder is preferable to use for feeding chicks.
Powdery feed Tips for home-feeding birds
Feed is the main component of success in the poultry industry. It is important to remember:
Bird can not be fed spoiled food, fermented porridge. The remains of feed from the feeder must be periodically removed, otherwise it will cause fermentation in the intestines of the chicken and possibly even the death of the bird. Chickens need a variety of feed. It is unacceptable to use only one kind of any grain , as the bird will not receive the entire set of proteins, fats, vitamins and trace elements necessary for health and good growth. It is undesirable to feed the chicken with whole grain , especially seeds. Uncrushed grain is absorbed longer, some nutrients in unchanged form is excreted from the body. The skins of the seeds are a coarse substance and clog the chicken intestines.
Growing broilers for meat is quite a popular occupation in the countryside. The maximum fattening period for a broiler is 3 months.
In order for a chicken to gain about 3.5–4 kilograms of meat in a short period of time, it must be provided with a balanced feed.
The life of a hen is conditionally divided into three stages:
Nestling. Youngsters. Adult bird. Matching the age of the birds
At each stage of growth, the broiler should be fed with the appropriate kind of feed. The following types of feed are distinguished:
Starting feed for chickens Compound feed Pre-start
Some experts recommend to divide the first stage of chicken life into two phases. And that means, and use a different feed. For the period of life
from 1 to 5 days it is recommended to feed broilers with feed Pre-start .
It consists of pro - and prebiotics. They increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestine. In this regard, improved digestion and overall health of the bird.
Compound feed “Prestart” contains:
vitamins В1, В2, В3, В4 В5, В6, В12, D3, А; trace elements zinc, iodine, iron, sodium, manganese, calcium, phosphorus; amino acids lysine, threonine, methionine. From 6 to 15 days of chickens' life, it is recommended to feed with Start feed. It includes: corn wheat barley -bone or fish meal and soy cake sunflower chalk aft salt vitamin and mineral complex.
The first stage of broiler fattening is very important, as it lays the foundation for the development of chicken. At this age all the organs and systems of the bird form. The inclusion of prebiotics in the feed in the early stages of the
chicken’s life guarantees a well-functioning digestive system.
This means that all nutrients will be well absorbed, which will lead to a rapid set of body weight. In addition, the bird will have healthy joints and strong bones, which is especially important for broilers because of their heavy weight.
Feed Growth for young stock
From 16 to 30 days of life, Growth is used for feeding broiler. Its composition is balanced in such a way as to accelerate growth, increase the weight of the bird in a shorter time.
Feedstuff for young animals produced from the following ingredients:
Corn Wheat Barley cake sunflower fish or bone meal Grass meal Feed yeast Sol Mel Amino Microelements Macronutrients Enzymes Vitamins
impact feeding birdplenty, then she will be healthy , and give a good weight gain. During this period, chicks await molting, so they need a strong diet. Finish for fattening mature broilers
From 31 days of life and until slaughter, broilers are fed with Finish compound feed. The task of this stage is to balance the ratio of meat and fat, maximizing weight.
food for adult broiler
The composition of feed includes:
Corn Barley Wheat Peas sunflower meal Meat and bone or fish meal Fish oil Amino Vitamins
use of feed for broiler - the key to accelerated growth, poultry health, and thereforeand getting tasty meat. Feed can be easily purchased in the store. But here it must be kept in mind that
not all manufacturers use natural ingredients, often replacing them with synthetic ones.
A bird may be reluctant to use artificial additives, which means it will receive less nutrients. This will affect both the time of broiler fattening and its health.
The second drawback is the high cost.
For 90 days, one broiler eats an average of 11 kg of feed. The cost of a bag of feed weighing 40 kg is about 800 rubles. If you take 50 broilers, the cost of food will be 11 000 rubles.
How to make the best mixture with your own hands
It is much cheaper to make feed by yourself. In addition, having prepared your feed, one hundred percent confidence in its quality and natural ingredients appears.
To make a mixture with your own hands you need a grain crusher and a mixing tank.
sifting the mixture Recipe for home-made compound feed Start 48% corn; 18% sunflower meal; 14% wheat; 6% meat or bone meal; 3% grass meal; 1% feed fat( can be replaced with fish oil) 0.1% salt; 10% BVMK( protein-vitamin-mineral concentrate)
The recipe is based on the use of BVMK 10%.If another concentrate is purchased, for example, BVMK 6%, then its amount is calculated according to the instructions for use.
47% corn; 19% sunflower meal; 12% wheat; 7% meat or bone meal or fish meal; 2% grass meal; 2% dry skim milk; 1% feed fat; 0.1% common salt; 10% BVMK.
Grain is passed through a crusher, the rest of the ingredients are added( all of them in the form of a granular powder).
Then the starting homemade mix should be thoroughly mixed. This is a very important condition for good feed. Household grain grinder
Blend composition Growth 48% corn; 18% sunflower cake or meal; 10% wheat; 7% meat or bone meal or fish meal; 2% feed yeast; 2% grass meal; 1% feed fat; 1% dry skim milk; 0.1% common salt; 10% BVMK10%.
Recipe # 2:
48% corn; 15% sunflower cake or meal; 8% wheat; 7% meat or bone meal or fish meal; 6% barley; 2% feed yeast; 3% grass meal; 1% feed fat; 1% chalk; 0.1% common salt; 10% BVMK10%. Nutrition proportions - mash Finish 45% corn; 19% sunflower meal or meal; 13% wheat; 4% pea or soybean; 3% feed yeast; 3% feed fat; 2% grass meal; 1% chalk; 0.1% common salt; 10% BVMK10%.
At the final stage of fattening of the
broiler, you can omit the meat and bone and fish meal , the source of animal protein necessary for the body to grow, in the mix.
Of course, household feed will not meet the established state standards, but the naturalness of the ingredients compensates for this defect.