A promising variety for home gardening, the Skarb potato is considered to be a worthy example of modern breeding. Variety combines unpretentiousness during storage, good taste characteristics, but needs attention when planting and processing.
- Secrets of successful cultivation and basic activities
- care Agricultural practices of vegetable crops Growing
- choice of landing site and soil preparation
- Preparation of tubers for planting
- Soil preparation for planting and tubers layout
- Main stages
- landing complex of measures on care
- Wateringand loosening
- Diseases and pests of potatoes
Potatoes will not only serve as a basis for various dishes throughout the year, but, if necessary, can replace a whole first-aid kit, thanks to the content of vitamins, minerals and many other valuable substances.
- Dangerous pests
- Colorado spillto
- Common Leggrowing and basic care measures
Growing potatoes Skarb does not imply any particular difficulties , and with proper plantingand appropriate care, results will live up to expectations.
Agricultural practices for growing vegetables
To grow potato bushes that will give you a generous harvest of decent quality, you need to be responsible for the cultivation of vegetables.A favorable period for planting potatoes is the beginning of May.
Choosing a landing site and preparing the soil
When choosing a site for a potato bed, should be preferred to the small slopes of going south or south-west. So on this place the lighting will be properly organized, and the moisture will not stagnate.
Potatoes like light sandy or loamy soil. It grows well in black soil and peat. It is important to bear in mind that it will not bear fruit in a heavy substrate in which moisture stagnates.
Preparation of tubers for planting
To get an excellent crop, you should prepare for planting seed. To do this, it is necessary to warm medium sized tubers in the sun, plant trees and plant them.
It is important that the shoots be not longer than 3.5 cm .Also, the tubers do not tolerate cutting, so only solid material should be planted.
Preparing the soil for planting and placing the tuber
The planting pattern depends on the fertility of the soil and the mass of tubers prepared for planting. Tubers weighing 50–80 g should be planted according to a 60 x 35 cm scheme. Cabbage, grains and legumes are considered good predecessors for vegetables. It is not advisable to plant a crop in place of tomatoes.Before loosening, loosen the soil, remove all weeds and apply mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen.
Main stages of landing
- According to the chosen scheme, make trenches or dig up shallow holes — approximately 8-10 cm. For uniform illumination of landings throughout the day, should be directed from north to south by .
- Equip each seat with organic fertilizer, which can be ash, humus, onion peel, and crushed eggshell.
- Tubers put sprouts up and cover with a layer of soil, the thickness of which should not exceed 5 cm.
A set of measures for the care
Get the right yields of this crop will only allow proper care of the potato, including the , the following steps .
depends on compliance with the rules of watering. Watering and loosening
Compliance with irrigation norms is the key to obtaining a qualitative and quantitative crop.Culture requires regular watering during the growing season and at the time of the formation of tubers.
Standards and irrigation timing irrigation period
regularity consumption When cloudy weather every 10 days 15l per 1m2 sunny dry days every 3- 5 days
just a few weeks prior to harvest potatoes watering stop .
It is impossible to fully care for the plant without holding weeds, which need to be combined with loosening. This procedure is carried out regularly so as not to form a crust.
With proper and timely hilling, yields can be increased by 30%. This procedure assumes to powder the lower part of the bushes with soft and loose soil, allowing the root system to multiply.
This will increase the mass of overgrown roots, which will give more moisture and nutrients, which will accelerate growth and maturation.
Perform this procedure early in the morning or late in the evening, three times per season, namely:
Housing should be done carefully, since Skarb has a slight root depth of .
- when the height of the seedlings reaches 10-15 cm, which will help to protect from return frost and get rid of weeds;
- during flowering, because at this moment small nodules form on the stolons, which will increase significantly if you pour the ground;
- when the potatoes grow up you need to pour the soil to the bushes, where it crumbled or washed away by rain.
The introduction of nutrients
In order to improve the growth and development of potato bushes, it should be sufficient to provide it with all the nutrients. To this end, fertilizers are added using organic and mineral products that will help accelerate growth, intensify flowering and quickly form tubers in the bushes.
Diseases and pests of potatoes
Invasion of pests and diseases reduces yields, and degrades product quality. To prevent this, you should regularly carry out preventive procedures aimed at protecting plants from damage and diseases.Wires Colorado potato beetle
Living in the soil, affects the roots and tubers of the plant. Its larvae pass through the tuber, making moves, thereby often provoking decay. Due to the bright color, the larvae are easily detected when digging up the soil.They need to be collected and destroyed. Often the pest can be found among the wheat grass. Therefore, we must fight this weed, constantly weeding the beds.
Colorado potato beetle
A well-known striped pest that feeds on leaves and young shoots, and when it eats all the greens, it starts to grow tubers. The beetle is particularly dangerous at the time of flowering, when the plant forms tubers, and if you do not carry out prevention, you can lose up to half of the crop.
The fight against this parasite is in assembling it with the subsequent destruction of .With widespread beetle should be processed using chemicals.
Able to infect the stem, leaves and tubers of a plant. In wet weather at the time of flowering the leaves are covered with gray or dark brown spots. When a disease is detected, the tops should be cut off and the bushes sprayed with chemical means.Late blight Black leg
Bacterial disease causing serious damage to culture. The development of the disease begins at the time of the growing season and in the process of preserving vegetables. Signs are yellowing and twisting of the apical leaves, and rotting of the base of the shoots.
In order to prevent , it is necessary to burn the affected bushes , do not plant a crop in one place more than once in three years, and dry the crop before storage. The main control measures consist in treating the bushes with special solutions or sprinkling them with ash.It is important to stop any spraying a month before harvest.
Harvesting and storage rules
For long-term preservation of potatoes, harvesting is essential, which must be carried out competently and in a timely manner. Harvesting while providing the necessary care occurs at the end of August - beginning of September.
For digging you need to choose a dry warm day .In the process of digging, ensure that the tubers do not receive mechanical damage, since their presence significantly reduces the safety of potatoes.
Immediate suspicion of the disease should be immediately removed from the site.
After harvesting, prepare the tubers for the tab, following the procedure:
The storage must be maintained temperature range of 2-4 degrees above zero. With such indicators, the potato does not form roots and does not freeze. The optimum humidity in the room in the range of 80-85%.
- sprinkle vegetables sprinkled for a couple of hours in the sun ;
- chill the ground with potatoes, and sort through into fractions: large specimens for food purposes, medium for breeding, small ones for fodder poultry or livestock in a personal farm;
- sorted vegetables placed for two weeks in a dry utility room;
- dried, folded potatoes in storage tanks.
In storage there should not be day and long artificial illumination, in order to avoid development of toxic substance in vegetables - solanine.
Biological description and characteristics of the variety
Culture belongs to the varieties of the average period of maturation.
Description of potato variety Skarb
According to the description - a plant of medium height, intermediate type .The bushes are decorated with dark green leaves with an oval slightly elongated shape without wavy edges and a white corolla of medium size.
Large tubers have a yellowish tint and oval rounded shape. The flesh is tender, uniform, colored in rich yellow color. Light golden skin is smooth and even. Small eyes are evenly and shallowly.
The general characteristics of the vegetable variety
The ripening period from the moment of emergence to harvest is 80-95 days. On one plant can range from 12 to 18 tubers.
The main parameters:89-99%
Tubers are characterized by good keeping quality. At the basis of their preservation lies the biological peculiarity of entering into a state of rest after harvesting, which lasts 110-120 days.
. Tastes of the product
. A variety of table purpose, belongs to the culinary type B. This means that the product is universal. It is characterized by the following features:
Vegetable culture is designed for cooking, frying, cooking chips, salads and other various dishes, the main requirement of which is to preserve the color and shape of the ingredients.
- is weakly boiled soft;
- moderately dense consistency;
- slightly mealy( starch content is not more than 17%);
- is moderately watery.
A Brief History of Skarba
The variety was obtained in 1997 by by Belarusian breeders and is successfully cultivated in regions with different climatic conditions. Since 2002, the variety has been included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
Translated from the Belarusian language means treasure or treasure. And indeed, the ideal taste and good yield makes this variety of culture a real wealth and a find for every gardener.
- perfect taste qualities ;
- undemanding to growing conditions;
- long-term storage capacity without loss of commercial properties;
In addition to the positive characteristics, it is important to note the deficiencies of the , namely:
- prone to late blight of the leaves;
- susceptibility to invasion of wireworms and Colorado beetles;
- reacts poorly to waterlogging at an early stage of development.
The Skarb potato is a favorite of many vegetable growers, as it pleases with its magnificent qualities of taste that make it a popular and sought-after product in the preparation of culinary masterpieces. Observing, all agrotechnical methods for the construction and instructions for care, you can collect a rich crop of healthy vegetables.
- Dangerous pests