Learning how to use the dishwasher correctly
Abroad dishwashers have firmly established themselves in the homes of ordinary citizens since the middle of the last century. For us, they have long been considered an inadmissible luxury or industrial equipment. However, today everything has changed. And our compatriots are increasingly buying a dishwasher for their kitchen, but one purchase is not enough. You still need to learn how to use the dishwasher.
- 1Basic rules for using the dishwasher
- 2Preparations for washing utensils
- 3Water hardness and its value
- 4Care for the assistant
Basic rules for using the dishwasher
Most often dishwashers have two baskets for the placement of dishes. In the lower place large objects: pans, pans, large plates, etc. In the upper one you can wash ordinary plates, saucers, bowls, etc. For instruments, there must be a special tray. If it is not available, you can purchase this necessary element.
For optimal positioning, the load can be started from the lower basket. The dishes are placed more close to the edges, and less - to the center. Also to the center is a tray for cutlery.
If frying pans and other items with handles are placed in the machine, they can not be placed vertically. After koromyslam apparatus should not interfere with anything to rotate.
Since the dishwasher washes and pumps water from the bottom up, it is necessary to place the cups, cups and other hollow objects upside down. Otherwise, they will leave water along with the detergent. You can install dishes in each other, but it is not recommended.
To overload the device is also not worth it. If your plates after any holiday are excessively dirty, then you can put them not in each cell, but through one.
In addition, remember what dishes can not be washed in the dishwasher:
- elements of wood: knives, equipped with wooden handles, cutting boards, etc .;
- dishes with cracks or even glued together;
- non-resistant to heating utensils made of plastic and glass;
- Articles made of tin and copper, as well as ordinary steel, which can be corroded.
There is also a list of items that are not advised to be washed using this apparatus (only in extreme cases):
- Crystal. If these items and washes the dishwasher, then only in a sparing mode and with special means.
- Objects of aluminum and silver. In exceptional cases, they can also be washed only with special regimens and with special substances.
- Crockery from faience. After all, if for these products the temperature and the mode are not correctly selected, the drawings may fade.
When the machine has completed the wash cycle, it is not advisable to immediately get everything out of it. After all, the items will be hot. Because there is a risk of burning yourself. In addition, cookware in a hot state is much easier to break..
Before using the machine, it is important to learn how to use the dishwasher properly. After all, the wrong operating mode of the device can lead not only to excess water and electricity losses, but also to damage to dishes.
The cycle of the device operation includes preliminary washing with the washing off of leftovers of food with cold water; directly washing with the use of hot water and stored detergents; rinsing; drying. Different models may have different programs. For example, washing brittle dishes when the temperature is 30-40 degrees, or intensive washing at temperatures of 75 degrees and above. There is also a program for rapid washing, in which the device promptly cleans the dishes immediately after taking liquid food.
Here it is advisable: instead of using a special pre-soaking program, it is much more economical to clean the food residues by hand, and then place the dishes in the apparatus.
Preparations for washing utensils
It should be noted that the washing machines can not be washed with traditional dish washing agents. For them, special detergents are used. They are sold either in powdered or tabletted form. How much you can pour this remedy, is usually described on its packaging. But an average of one cycle consumes up to 30 g of powder.
Tablets are more convenient. One tablet is used for one cycle. It is not recommended for sparing programs to use tablets, since they simply do not have time to dissolve.
It should be noted that the tablets can be single-layer, multi-layered or combined. The latter are the most universal. They contain both detergent components, and rinsing and regenerating salt. If the dishwasher model allows the use of such tablets, the owner is deprived of the need to purchase three different substances.
Detergents can be strongly alkaline and slightly alkaline. The latter have in their composition enzymes, which are enzymatic additives, capable of splitting fats and proteins. Such substances are used for washing fragile objects.
If nothing is indicated on the package, it is better not to use it to wash fragile things. In addition, even for heavily soiled items, you do not need to apply excessive amounts of funds.
The rinse aid is necessary for rinsing off the detergent residues, as well as for effective drying of dishes and shine. For 10-12 cycles of washing takes about half a rinse.
Water hardness and its value
The above regenerating salt is used to soften water. After all, with excessively hard water, white traces appear in the form of a divorce on the dishes. The capacity for salt in cars usually has an impressive volume of 1-2 kg. It is also available as a combination of combined tablets.
In addition, the salt avoids the appearance of lime deposits on the surface of the device's TET.
Care for the assistant
It is worth noting that, from time to time, before washing dishes in the dishwasher, you need to check the filter weed and clean it, and, in addition, wash the baskets for the location of objects. This will take a little time.
In addition, it is necessary to use special means to care for the device. After 20 cycles, the device must be cleaned with a degreaser. To do this, simply turn on any program, and instead of detergent, the degreaser is filled. It allows to clear all the surfaces of the device from fat.
Also, experts recommend once a half a year or a quarter to wash in a dishwasher empty, that is, without utensils. But instead of washing it is necessary to pour in a special agent from scale. You can also use citric acid. It must be poured as much as the detergent powder.
Another element of care - the dishwasher is preferably washed or simply wiped with a damp cloth, both outside and on the inside surfaces. Separate attention deserves a sealant.
As you can see, using a dishwasher is not at all difficult. It is important only to correctly distribute the objects in it, use the proper means, and also as much as the producer indicated. In addition, you need to properly care for the device. When all these conditions are met, the "assistant" will serve for a long time and will never let you down..