How to install and install the air conditioner yourself
It can not be said that installing an air conditioner with your own hands is the easiest process. This requires a special tool, some experience with it, practical skills and knowledge about the correct installation..
According to statistics, more than half of the breakdowns of air conditioners are due to improper installation. So think carefully about whether it is worthwhile to take on your own hands, or to invite masters..
Well, for those who are absolutely confident in their abilities, we will tell you about the intricacies of this process.
- 1Installation of portable systems and window air conditioners
- 2Tools for installing a split system
- 3Drilling holes and fixing blocks
- 4Carrying out the route
Installation of portable systems and window air conditioners
Let's say a few words about how to install the air conditioner yourself, if it's a portable model or a window candy bar.
The hot air of the portable system is taken out of the ventilator or ventilation shaft. So, just choose a place closer to the window, take out the hose in the right direction and plug the plug into the outlet.
The window conditioner is built in the opening of the window, or a special opening is made for it in the wall.
- Install the air conditioner strictly according to the level.
- It is important that it does not get direct sunlight.
- The outer part should go out on the street about 30 cm. At the same time, there should be a slight slope of the outer part downwards, so that the condensate can flow freely.
The air conditioner must be sufficiently tightened to prevent vibrations and associated noise. For fixing, you can use corners, bolts and other fasteners. The lower edge is reinforced with a steel corner if necessary. A mounting kit is also available, which is convenient for installing the air conditioner in the window.
Tools for installing a split system
The split-system consists of two blocks connected by tubes. The installation of such an assembly has its own peculiarities. It is more complicated, because it is connected with the drilling of the wall and the laying of communications. Proper installation of the air conditioner by your own hands is impossible without using the tool:
- punch and drills for it;
- Vacuum pump;
- Manometric collector;
- metalwork tools (pliers, screwdrivers, keys, hammer, level, etc.);
- rolling and rimmer.
Drilling holes and fixing blocks
First select the location where the indoor unit will be installed. The flow of air should not interfere with the rest or work of people in the room. It is desirable that the air conditioner is refreshing and other rooms. The unit should be placed strictly horizontally at a distance of 15 cm or more from the ceiling..
The outdoor unit will have to be fixed from the outside of the house. It should be placed closer to the indoor unit, as this will save you the cost of communication (connection)..
When you have determined the location of the blocks, you can start drilling with a perforator hole in the wall. Through it will pass a drain hose, a wire, pipes with freon. To determine the location for the hole, it is necessary to attach the back plate and pay attention to the marks on it. They show the recommended place for drilling. In this case, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that communications can pass through the wall, beams can be laid, etc.
Self-installation of the air conditioner should be carried out with extreme caution. When performing external works, make sure that pieces of plaster and other building materials do not fall on someone's head and do not damage property. The hole should be placed under a slight slope outwards. Securely mount the brackets on which the rear panel will be mounted.
The next steps for those who want to know how to install the air conditioner yourself will be fixing the plate on the inside of the wall. Fixing it, you need to focus on the level and do not pay attention to the ceiling, because often the ceilings are crooked.
Carrying out the route
Next, the installation of the air conditioner by its own hands passes to the stage of the route. Calculate the length of the route, taking it with a margin of centimeters at 30-50. Connect the electric wire to the indoor unit, fix the drainage hose, prepare the freon tubes.
The copper tubes must be cut and flared. It is important that the metal chips do not get inside the tube. Flared end face inside should be smooth, without scratches. Since copper is a soft metal, it can be crushed when tightening the nuts. Be careful and do not let it happen. Pipes should be individually well insulated.
Install the indoor unit and pass through the hole in the wall wire and tube out. Copper tubes for freon must always be covered with scotch, so that they do not get dirt. Then connect them to the indoor unit.
After this procedure, the indoor unit must be fixed permanently, hang the external unit on the brackets and connect all communications..
It is important to think everything over beforehand and be sure that where and how to connect..
It is also necessary to carry out the procedure for removing air and moisture from the indoor unit and the pipeline. It is advisable that this procedure is done by a specialist, because freon can flow out. And if this happens, then your air conditioner will not work. In addition, when the length of the track is more than 3 m, a vacuum pump is required for this procedure.
Now you in general know how to properly install the air conditioner. It remains only to connect the wires, the hose and the pipelines together, wrap them with reinforcing tape, and insulate the connections. Secure the entire communication system with clamps, seal the hole, make sure the wall is tight. The most recent stage will be cleaning the room and starting the air conditioner.
The work on installing the air conditioner is very laborious. To complete it, you need two people. Proceed to it only if you are sure that you will be able to understand all the wires and go through all the steps. In extreme cases, invite someone with experience, so he told you and helped with the installation..