The content of the article:
Even in the Petrine times in the Yaroslavl region, the Romano-Borisoglebsk district, the Romanov breed of sheep was bred. Short-tailed sheep have fur coat, tasty meat and fast brood. The unpretentious animals quickly settled along the northern range, Kazakhstan, the Mongolian steppes.
The main characteristics characterizing Romanov's sheep
Standing breed, which is used in breeding, is standardized. Standard - a description of external characteristics that define a purebred individual. Thus, beautiful horns, in a male or female are not a generic sign, the bearer of such decorations is sent to meat, having previously collected from him a tribute in the form of six and skins. The predominance of white areas in color also serves as a sign of splitting. Characteristics of the Romanov breed of sheep was created in 1908 by the biologist Pavel Nikolaevich Kuleshov.
A group of sheep breeds is called a short-tailed sheep, which fully describes the structure of this part of the trunk. Here's how the breed describes the standard:
- growth - medium;
- chest - wide, deep;
- the back is flat;
- the sacrum - sagging;
- withers - wide;
- physique - strong;
- legs - even straight, medium length.
The structure of the backbone can be strong, gentle and coarse. Sheep with strong bones are most tenacious and give more offspring. They have a good thick undercoat, down 50-60 mm long does not slip. The color is dominated by a gray-blue color. Sheep is valued.
The rough type of Romanov sheep has a massive skeleton, thick skin, and coarse wool with a lot of awn. Speaking over fluff, ost makes the color of the sheep dark or even black. These are the most unpretentious, tenacious sheep. Their wool is used for felting felt boots. For fur coats, the skin is unsuitable, it is thick and heavy, coarse wool does not heat well.
The third type of skeleton is tender. The Romanov breed of sheep with a thin skeleton has a narrow torso. Everything is as if flattened from the sides - chest, head, close-fitting legs. And specific diseases are pulmonary. There is very little auste in wool, so the sheep are white. But the skin is thin, the skin is weak and fertility is low.
Sheep manure is considered to be an effective organic fertilizer. Its composition is concentrated, it should be used with caution, preferably in the form of liquid dressings or for filling the greenhouse.
The characteristics of the Romanov breed of sheep are formed from the sum of the indicators.
The standard for coloring - down must be cream white, hair black and always shorter than down. The ratio of fluff to hair is 4/1 - 10 / 1. Fresh-born lambs should be black. In two or three weeks they will gradually acquire a breed color. Black head and tail, legs to the hock, third of the torso. The border between the light and black parts is sharp. Light effects depend on the ratio of hair and fluff on each part of the body. If the thick undercoat does not allow the top fluff to fall, the coarse hair creates a growth direction, a long soft fluff can only curl up from above, creating beautiful curls with gray overflows.
Deviations from the standard are often found, but for standard breeding of sheep, standard individuals are selected.
Prospects of reproduction of Romanov sheep
Breeding romanovskih sheep does not cause difficulties. The sheep, called bright, is ready for fertilization from 4 months, but the mating is done when the live weight is bright at least 40 kg, at about 7 months. Pregnancy lasts 145 days. During lactation, a new pregnancy may also occur. Twice a year physiologically an offspring is possible. Tribal sheep Romanov breeds are prolific, 2 lambs have a norm, there are more.
In favorable conditions and with due care for the year the herd can be increased 3 times. The mother is ready to feed 3 lambs for 2 months. In a close koshar during the mass lambing period, it is not always possible to completely preserve the offspring. If in the first minutes of the lamb's life the sheep did not lick it and let it go to the udder, the newborn will die from hunger. Therefore, the person's task is to find the mother in the flock and slip it to the udder's udder. No one will feed a stranger.
The more lambs are born in the sheep, the smaller is the offspring, the lesser survival rate and the longer fattening up to the commercial weight. One lamb weighs, kg, and each of four, a little more than 2. Therefore, in 100 days the first one will weigh 25 kg, and the prolific lamb will gain only 16 kg.
After 3 weeks of feeding lambs and queens are kept separately, a herd of adults leads to grazing, but at certain times they are brought to feed. This mode creates better lactation. There is the possibility of manually feeding lambs with the selection of milk for food needs. Growing young growth is divided into kutsans and yarochek and they are grazed not only separately, but in different sectors. At this point, the female is already ready for mating.
Reproduction can occur unregulated and all year round, if there is a sheep producer in the herd. On farms, the offspring are planned so that they can feed the young with the best weight gain and quality. Therefore, the mating is carried out at one time in order to obtain a single-aged flock suitable for autumn slaughter. The content of Romanov's sheep in the koshars during the winter makes the correct mating in the fall, for the release of grown-up lambs in the spring pasture.
Feeding and caring for the livestock
The content of Romanov's sheep differs from that of the herd. The flock is completed from one age and one sex of sheep:
- The young on the sump;
- the little ones;
- maternal livestock;
With a catcher-base method of keeping each flock has its own sector, which has a pasture, watering place, enclosure and a warm indoor facility. Several similar flocks can be located nearby.
Sheep are ungulate animals. Hooves are worn off, when sheep walk along the steppe, hoof the earth. Keep these animals without walking it is impossible. For several hours a day the herd must move, looking for food, even under snow.
Rough forage is necessary for these animals. At them the greater expense of energy is spent for proceeding of physiological processes. The table shows the norms for the most responsible group of animals - the brood stock.
In winter, cattle are fed with coarse fodder, it is useful for nursing mothers to receive root crops, lambs from the week begin to feed bran and special mixed fodders. From 3 weeks of kids are accustomed to the silo and Senu from legumes. It is necessary to ensure an increase in live weight of 120-150 g / day. Sheep producers in the breeding season receive even in the diet, for a more active seminal fluid.
Practically no-waste meat-shearing livestock sheep - a very profitable production. From the age of 5 months, production begins:
The wool of Romanov's sheep is the most delicate, from the first release, called gumball. This is a top quality product. In the future sheep are sheared 3 times a year, as the fluff grows. If the sheep do not cut in time, seasonal molt will begin, the commodity value of the fleece will be lost. From the sheep they take about 2, from the rams 3 kg of wool. Valuable material is used in light industry. After passing the factory of NSP (primary processing of wool), the product becomes clean, ruled of coarse fiber by fleece.
At the face, removed skins are degreased and sent for further processing. Perhaps your mouton coat is made of Romanov breed of sheep. Furriers believe that this is the best material for sewing quality shower shoes.
Meat from sheep, lamb, is highly valued for its special flavor. It is known that sheep feed on grass, growth hormones do not feed them - meat is secondary production. From one young sheep, at the face, receive up to 20 kg of meat and offal. Skewers of young lamb are valued all over the world.
Milk from sheep is 2 times fatter and more saturated with minerals than cow's milk. Sheep are not very productive animals. But if you contain several milking lambs, you can make cheese and other medicinal dairy products.