Breeding Californian red worms is a task even a schoolboy can do. After all, there are no difficulties in creating optimal conditions for this. Moreover, even money investments are almost unnecessary. Doing such a business is a very profitable business. And the profitability is clearly confirmed. The main thing is to find a reliable sales market.
Table of contents
- The use of the Californian worm
- Best places for breeding
- How to breed red worms
- Manufacturing and arrangement of the worms
- Soil Preparation
- Sales Features
- Bugs in breeding
The use of the Californian worm
California worms have an excellent ability to quickly and efficiently process organic waste, creating a wonderful biohumus. This is a unique fertilizer, which in its composition exceeds even humus. Experts say that practically eight times better than the vermicompost of the usual humus.
Moreover, the vermicompost does not have a smell, therefore it is recommended to use it not only in the garden and in the garden, but also for replenishing indoor plants. Most often such a complex fertilizer is introduced into the soil in spring. It can be added even in containers with seedlings. The main thing is to stick to the proportions. All is well, that is normal.
Best places for breeding
To begin with, it is important to choose the place where worms will be planted. This can be a dacha, a garage, a cellar or other premises, similar to the above. You can use any box or container. Although you can dig a hole in the ground. But without fail it is necessary to lay out the cavity with natural material in order to avoid the spillage of individuals..
How to breed red worms
There are no significant differences between the raincoat and the Californian worms. In addition, the latter are more effective in the matter of organic processing. As for the conditions of their habitat, the red individuals prefer a warmer environment and simply do not tolerate frost.
Manufacturing and arrangement of the worms
The optimal place for breeding is a compost pit (or pile), boxes or boxes. Nutrition is organic waste. This can be manure, bird droppings, straw, chips, peel of vegetables and other organic waste. All collect in a heap and carefully moisturize. After a few months, organic substances decompose and create good conditions for breeding.
It is recommended to use natural materials to arrange the worm. After all, the main task is to obtain a useful biohumus.
As a mixture you can use humus, leafy leaves and even waste cooking food,in other words, practically any organic waste. This will create comfort, softness and nutrition of the resulting habitat. To enrich the mixture with oxygen for the normal decomposition of organic matter, it is important at least once a week to dig up or gently mix the compost.
In a smaller capacity with a ready-made substrate, you first need to run Californian worms. It will act as a pallet. Experts advise on top to cover the pallet with a cloth of increased density. This will save heat inside the imaginary capacity.
When at least 10% of the individuals died, it is worth revising the soil mix. Perhaps she is too sour. To correct the situation, you need to add straw, plant leaves or sawdust to the substrate.
Feeding worms is recommended only after eating the previous portion.Otherwise, you yourself will provoke obesity of their wards. They can provide manure, bird droppings, plant tops, paper, cardboard, vegetable rind, straw, hay, sawdust and other organic waste. If you live in your own home, then there will never be problems with food..
A special treat for these animals are spoiled bakery products, used tea leaves and thick with natural coffee.Do not throw in the compost citrus waste.This can increase the acidity of the mixture. Periodically, it is important to supplement the composition with the milled eggshell remnants. Such a procedure will allow painless maintenance of the acid-base balance of the environment.
Optimal conditions of detention:
- acidity pH;
- The temperature is 20-25 degrees Celsius above zero;
- the humidity is 70-80%.
California worms are heat-loving spineless animals. For their normal development and reproduction it is necessary to keep the temperature within 25 degrees Celsius above zero. If the mark on the scale of the thermometer drops, they will eat worse, and multiply. When the temperature reaches 5 degrees Celsius, the creeping ones can completely die.
With some periodicity, compost is worth stirring. This will allow access of oxygen to the substrate.
Since these invertebrates are very afraid of the cold, preparation for winter must be thorough. It is important to provide the necessary temperature regime for them and to prevent supercooling of the soil mix.
For this purpose, a fresh compost with a thickness of 20-40 cm is placed on the surface of the container. Then everything is plentifully watered with water and covered with hay or a straw with a thick ball in, m. The uppermost layer can be slightly frozen in severe frosts. But it's not scary. For a common substrate, where worms will be located, there will be no problems. With the advent of spring, the inhabitants of the soil mix will already feed on the top of the humus. While the lower 2/3 of the total volume of the compost will already turn into a high-quality biohumus..
Since the cost of a single worm is small, to get a good profit you need to reach wholesale volumes. This product may be interested in pet stores, agricultural farms, fishing farms and even fishing stores. Here the necessary active advertising.
In the beginning it is worth selling your goods to friends and neighbors, for example, who go fishing. Well, and then look for the customer on a larger scale..
To bred Californian worms is extremely beneficial. Since the production itself is practically not costly. All proceeds are classified as net.
Practice shows that 1 square. m nursery will get about 1-10 thousand individuals and half a ton of biohumus for sale. Given that 1 unit costs around two rubles, you get 20 thousand. rubles on hands. The main thing is to find a profitable and permanent place to sell your products..
Bugs in breeding
- It is strictly forbidden to use chlorinated water to create compost.Because bleach for worms is considered a killer trace element. If there is no other water, it should be left for a few days to settle. After that, chlorine will go away. By the way, rainwater is also suitable. Cheap and angry;
- Do not add fresh manure to the compost.In the process of its humus, it can raise the temperature to almost 600 degrees Celsius, and the inhabitants of the compost will simply perish;
- old manure is also not suitable.If it has been lying for more than three years, the amount of nutrient components will be insufficient for the normal growth and reproduction of invertebrates.
In general, it is worth noting that it is not difficult to breed Californian red worms. In our country all conditions and opportunities are created to deal with this extensively as entrepreneurship and earn good money. The main thing is to think over the sales market and establish its own small production. And how to do it, we already talked in detail..