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The change of cultures is one of the unshakable foundations of agriculture. Will such a rotation be complete if the site is a few hundred square meters of land? Practically in any territory a crop rotation is possible: in the garden, in the front garden, in the suburban area. This is one of the most affordable ways to get more harvest of good quality.
How to start crop rotation on the site?
The importance of crop rotation is the interruption of pest development cycles. The change of the host plant most often leads to a decrease in the number and death of pathogens. After all, most of them prefer the same botanical families. In addition, related plants need similar nutrients. The basic rule of crop rotation is the prohibition to sow the same or related crops more often than once every 2 to 3 years in the same place.
Advantages of crop rotation in the garden:
- prevention of soil depletion;
- enrichment of the earth with nitrogen and beneficial microorganisms with the help of legumes;
- improvement of soil structure;
- suppression of weeds by broad-leaved and compacted crops.
Do I need to remember annually, where and what grew in the past, the year before last? This is not rational and burdensome. Well-designed scheme of crop rotation in the suburban area, allows you to plan all the work in advance, prepare the necessary planting material, inventory. We need a plan or a schematic drawing of the garden plot, a garden on which trees, beds, flower beds are marked, it is indicated where different crops will be planted. Next year, they should not grow in the same places.
How to organize a crop rotation on the site?
The garden should be divided into parts by the number of groups of compatible crops. Next year, plants from the first field to shift to the second, from it - to the third, the culture from which to grow in the first section. Perennials are usually not included in this rotation, they grow for several years in the same place.
An approximate scheme of crop rotation in the garden:
- Parsley, carrots, onions, potatoes, seasoned with radish.
- Peas, zucchini, pumpkin, sweet corn, compacted with beans, tomatoes, sweet peppers.
- Cabbage white and colored, compacted with cucumbers.
If the area allows, then in the crop rotation scheme in the suburban area you can increase the number of crops:
- Tomatoes, peppers, aubergines.
- White cabbage and cauliflower.
- Sugar corn.
- Squash, pumpkin, watermelon, melon.
- Beetroot, cucumber, greens.
- Beans, beans.
Important additions to the crop rotation scheme in the suburban area
The introduction of seals allows the cultivation of a wide range of plants in a limited area. If there is a greenhouse at the dacha, then from the crop rotation of the crops in the plot it is possible to exclude salad, radish, onions, and grow them in a closed ground. One site can be left under steam or siderates (green fertilizers). In the first case, the ground is loosened and thoroughly cleaned of weeds. Ciderates - legumes or their mixtures with cereal crops are not removed, but dig.
To increase yields, obtain quality fruits and vegetables, only crop rotation in the garden is not enough. The alternation of crops must necessarily be combined with the correct methods of cultivation of the land, the introduction of fertilizers. Then you can get stably high yields and preserve soil fertility.