The content of the article:
In the landscape design, a modest, but at the same time refined gravel, is widely used. This amazing perennial decorate stone rockeries, alpine hills, as well as beds of different shapes, including the rabatki. In the front garden, he perfectly coexists with carnations, peonies and bells. Velvet inflorescences of fiery red and yellow-orange color contrast with the background of dark greenery. Cultivation of this flower does not require academic knowledge. A gardener is important to understand the nature of the plant in order to make friends with him.
Nuances of landing
At the dacha should find a well-lit area, which is heated by the sun for more than 8-10 hours a day. These are heat-loving crops, and they do not tolerate thick shading. The basic principles of planting and care for a gravel (photos and descriptions of varieties are given below) include the following:
- Correctly selected soil. Wet areas must be dried by special means. Some recommend making a bed in the form of a mound or buying varieties that love moisture. In the hole, you must make a drainage of stones or expanded clay. When digging a site, the land should be mixed with sand.
- Distance between bushes. It should be in the range from 15 to 20 cm, so that the foliar rosette develops freely.
- Maximum distance of roots from groundwater. In excessively moistened soil, the root system begins to rot, and gray mold also appears.
Diseases and pests mostly do not affect this representative of the Pink family. Moreover, bushes are very easy to propagate on their home plot. It is enough to sow the seeds in a container in the spring (March), and in the last days of April transplant the seedlings into the open ground. It is worth considering that the threat of frosts still remains, so the shoots need to be covered. For this purpose,
- plastic bottles.
However, the young will throw out color only the next year. The second way of reproduction is division of bushes. In spring or early autumn, you need to dig a bush and gently divide it into two parts. Before landing in the pit, pour water to the roots are not wilted.
If necessary, it is important to reduce the acidity of the soil. For this, several parts of wood ash are added to it.
Features of care
Although gravel is not called a capricious plant, it still needs to be fed regularly with mineral and organic fertilizers. You can make potassium-phosphate substrates, peat, manure or deciduous humus, as well as nitrophosphate (three in one - nitrogen, potassium and sodium). In addition, it is important to provide favorable conditions for the flower:
- water as the drying of the earth;
- loosen the soil, removing the weeds;
- clean the bush from dried leaves and peduncles.
However, much depends on the variety of culture. There are varieties that are resistant to frost. Other species calmly coexist in slightly shaded gardens. For the third favorite place are the river valleys. Therefore, each of them must be met personally.
For the winter period, the greens must be cut off under the root, and the bed should be covered with mulch. Dry leaves, as well as pine or fur-tree needles (a layer of up to 10 cm) will become a reliable protection against severe frosts.
In total there are about fifty species of this exquisite flower on the globe. And only 20 varieties of gravel are classified as herbaceous plants, which are used for planting in the open ground. Of these, only 7 can be found on the territory of Russia, which are adapted for cultivation in temperate and cold latitudes. The European climate is also suitable for some species of this genus.
In many countries it is called the grass of St. Benedict. The flowering period of the city's gravelite lasts about four months - from May to August. Miniature flowers, 2 cm in diameter due to the 5 bright yellow petals resemble the sun. Terry mink goes the same shade, but in some instances it has a brown edging made of small stamens. The whole stem is covered with tender villi. The leaves are collected in a triple rosette, which is planted on long roots.
The height of a wild plant varies from 40 to 80 cm, which makes it possible to use urban gravel to decorate rectangular flower beds. Here are the main points in growing:
- Frosty and drought-resistant.
- Do not transfer too wet (wetlands) soils with a high salt content.
- Disembarkation is carried out by seeds in the beginning of spring.
- Between the beds the width should be more than half a meter.
Scientifically proven that the roots of the plant have medicinal and antivenomial properties. At the same time, many housewives add it as a spice to soups and alcoholic beverages (wine or ale).
Do not bury the seeds deep in the ground, just deepen them by -2 cm. Then shoots will appear earlier, in 2-3 weeks.
Unlike most of its "relatives the river gravel is perfectly suited for damp and slightly shaded areas. It basically can be:
- raw banks of ponds, marshes and rivers;
- clay, sandy or silty soils;
- fields or meadows with nutritive ground;
- shrubs and forests.
In most cases, it can withstand acidic as well as calcareous areas. This is one of the few varieties that perfectly adapts under the most unfavorable conditions. Beginning with the May holidays and ending with the September weekdays, the purple avens (the so-called Americans) makes the gardeners happy with their carmine-red blossoms.
Leaves in neutral and slightly acidic soils begin to change their color. Purple veins appear on them. This can be used to create an original landscape design.
Such herbaceous plants for open ground grow up to one meter, while the river gravel is able to independently fertilize the soil around it. Ripe stamens serve as a kind of organic top dressing for him.
The name eloquently tells where this breed comes from. Thanks to the grail of Chilean breeders brought out many other varieties of culture, among which are popular:
- Goldball (yellow huge inflorescences);
- Mr. Bradshaw (have a scarlet shade);
- Lady Stratheden (lush flower 3-4 cm in diameter with acid-yellow petals);
- Fireball (in the orange palette);
- Mrs. J. Bradshaw.
These lovely flowers will decorate the garden for about one or two months. Buds start to blossom on the 15th of May. By the middle of July on 60 centimetric pedicels fruits are formed. The favorable temperature for seed germination is 15 degrees. Seedlings in the box must be thinned to make the flower larger.
As soon as the temperature on the street drops to +6 ° C, the front garden should be covered with agrofiber.
At one time, scientists-botanists crossed the Chilean and scarlet gravel, and turned out to be a tame variety. His flowers are like bells bent down, as if from hard work. Coloring of this variety will be to the liking of many fans of burgundy tones, because it is in this shade that the stems of culture are made. They are elegantly adorned with yellow petals with a terry center. In other varieties there are pink, and even white inflorescences, which have a paniculate or shchitkovidnuyu form. Dense leaves mimic dissected feathers or blades. In height, the primal gravel reaches, m, so this variety of herbaceous plants is most suitable for open ground.
Luxurious bloom will only come if the bush is in open terrain. In the flowering season he needs large portions of sunlight. However, on hot days it is necessary to water abundantly only the root, and not the entire plot, so as not to create a greenhouse effect. The bush should be cut off, then it can grow in width.Such curly artifacts will become an original decoration of rockeries.
In the ground it is desirable to make peat, wood ash, dolomite flour, sand and vegetable humus. Experts recommend that before planting, treat the soil with fungicidal preparations.
Inflorescences reach 3 cm in diameter. Often they are yellow, red and orange. In this case, the stamens of each species are similar to the placer of amber jewelry. The leaves, located on long stalks, have a wrinkled structure and are covered with almost imperceptible hairs. On each of them the contrast veins are clearly distinguished. The splendor of the leaves is attached to the jagged and slightly wavy edge. At the roots they are assembled into a compact, but relatively dense outlet.Gravilat hybrid has a variety of bred varieties, among which are popular:
- Princess Juliana;
- Prince of Orange;
- Gladys Perry;
- Dolly North;
- J. Bradshaw;
You can admire these double flowers on dense pedicels for almost two months: May and June. If the weather is warm in September, the bush will again throw out a batch of young buds.Cultivation and care of a hybrid gravel is no different from Chilean, because it is derived from it.
Autumn planting should be done long before the frost. Seedling should be well strengthened and rooted so as not to freeze when the temperature is lowered.
From the rest of the family of Pink Gravel, the Fireball is acrid red. Although there are varieties and acid-orange color. Large double flowers perfectly decorate the unsightly borders of the front gardens.An important role in the calibration of the variety is played by diving. After sowing the seeds in the container, you need to wait for the appearance of several leaves, and then divide them and transplant them into a new container.
Division of bushes should be conducted 1-2 times in four years. They should be planted 20 cm apart. If possible, trim the stems to give the bush a larger volume.
Its official name is Red Dragon. This sort of gravel is a terry favorite of many gardeners, because the flower has a three-dimensional shape. Petals are stacked in several rows, which gives the plant a chic look.An unusually flashy shade of red flowers looks great on the Alpine hills. Taking care of the culture, it is necessary to enrich the soil with humus. So that the soil is not too wet, the flowerbed can be raised a couple of centimeters above the ground level. Among other things, you need to apply basic recommendations for this kind.
From this follows the conclusion. Externally unattractive flower gravel in intelligent care can be an amazing exhibit of a modern garden.