Exotic plant of bocarnay - nolina or bottle palm tree

Contents, Nolina Linda, Bulgarian microcarp( Beaucarnea, Nolina Microcarpa)

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average Russian resident knows little about the plant world the southern United States, Mexico and other regions of Central America. And what can grow on the vast expanses of prairies, where the sun-scorched soil and windstone blocks of sandstone run to the horizon?

But it turns out that here, aside from stunted spines and shrubs, you can see a lot of interesting things, for example, an amazing exotic plant called Bulgarian or nolin, as botanists call it today. The name change is caused by a more complete and accurate than the previous, research and description of culture.

Initially, the bocarnes were recognized as species related to agaves, but according to the modern classification they are included in the family of Spargetts and within the genus are combined with nolins.

According to the latest data, there are about 30 independent species in the genus, the representatives of which are correctly called Nolins, but in the literature there is also an old name, customary for flower growers.

Despite the similar natural conditions in which wild-growing specimens grow, representatives of different species dramatically differ from each other. In the homeland of a plant, a bokarneya may look like a powerful tree with a thickened trunk and a developed crown. But there are varieties in which only a cap of narrow, hard foliage is visible above the ground.

Today bocarnay is a popular plant for landscaping in the southern regions, inhabitant of botanical gardens, greenhouse and even home collections of gardeners. At the same time, nolin, in addition to official names, has a lot of popular nicknames. Because of the thickened stem and the mass of narrow long foliage, the plants are called bottle palm or elephant's foot, compared with horse's mane, or called elephant grass.

In fact, such a look is not a fad of nature, but a necessity and a very important device that helps a culture survive. At home, the bokarnei plants are forced to fight for every drop of moisture.

In the arid regions of Central America, the Nolins accumulate water in the thickened lower part of the stem. A tough pointed foliage, more similar to cereals, prevents excessive evaporation of moisture from the crown.

The reproduction of the bocarnay at home

The original appearance of the culture attracted the attention of fans of ornamental plants. But slow-growing immigrants from Central America are not too cheap. To become the owner of the coveted "bottle tree", you can try to propagate the plant, getting seedlings from seeds or rooting lateral escape from an adult specimen.

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  • laid out on a wet sand and peat mixture;
  • gently pressed into the ground and slightly mulch with the same composition.
  • In warm, under glass, seeds spend about 2-3 weeks, until the first shoots appear. All this time and subsequently, seedlings of nolina or bocarnay need to moisten the substrate and to highlight it to ensure daylight duration of at least 12–14 hours.

    If there are lateral processes on the adult nolina, they can also be used to obtain the younger generation of plants. The root system of this culture is superficial and not too powerful, but for its formation it is important to cut the stalk as close as possible to the main stem.

    1. Most of the foliage is removed from the tip of the shoot.
    2. A process section is first dipped into charcoal or activated carbon powder, then dried.
    3. The cuttings prepared in this way are planted, slightly buried, in a substrate of peat, sand and a small amount of peat moss.

    In a greenhouse, with regular but not abundant watering, the processes are kept to full rooting, then they are transplanted into conditions for adult plants.

    The ease of home maintenance and the original look are the reasons why some types of bokarnei or nolina are extremely popular indoor plants. Unlike wild-growing fellows, they cannot reach their natural size, and also rarely bloom, but this does not detract from the attractiveness of an exotic plant.

    Bocarnay or Nolina Parryi( Beaucarnea, Nolina parryi)

    The Bocarnay parryi is not the largest member of the genus, its height reaches 1–2 meters, while deformation of the top on the plant can form two or more leaflets. Green or gray, hard foliage has serrate edges and grows up to 50–120 cm in length. The width of the leaf plate is much smaller and does not exceed 2–4 cm.

    At home, the plant of the brocade Parry blooms, forming large racemes with a length of up to 1.2 to4 meters. The flowers are small, with a diameter of about 0.3–0.5 cm have a white, pinkish or yellowish color. Flowering occurs in the period from April to June.

    Plants of this species, like many bokarney, are cold resistant. In conditions of California, where Nolina Parry lives in a wild-growing form, it tolerates frosts down to –10 ° С.

    Bocarnay or Nolina Guatemalan( Beaucarnea, Nolina guatemalensis)

    Bocarnay guatemalensis, or the Guatemalan tail, is one of the tall plant species that can reach five meters in nature. Like other varieties, the trunk of this nolina actively accumulates moisture and expands with age. In the lower part, the girth of such an instance sometimes reaches 4 meters.

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    A characteristic feature is long ribbon-like leaves, which taper to the ends. At the disposal of flower growers there are varieties of bokarnei, as in the photo, with leaves decorated with light stripes along the edges.

    Bokarneya, Nolina thin( Beaucarnea, Nolina gracilis)

    The popular type of bokarney or nolina, popular with indoor plant lovers, has been recognized for its pronounced convex shape of the trunk. The name of the species translates as thin or slim, but this is more of a joke!

    Nolina gracilis is one of the most prominent fat women in the genus and in the whole plant world. As the culture grows, the trunk at the base becomes very voluminous and reaches 5–7 meters in girth.

    Crohn is a thick bundle of leaves up to 70 cm long. Flowering can be seen only in the homeland of the plant, the brocade of this species blooms only in adulthood, unattainable at home.

    Bocarnay, Nolina Lindemeira( Beaucarnea, Nolina lindheimeriana)

    Not all of the Bulgarian are tall. Nolina Lindemeira, called by the local population as a hell of a cord, has practically no trunk, and only extremely strong, tough leaves are visible above the ground.

    Bocarnay, Nolin long-leaved( Beaucarnea, Nolina longifolia)

    Mexican grass tree, so called Nolin long-leaved in areas where it is found in nature. A large plant of the bokarnei, as in the photo, turns into an extensive multimeter tree with age, whose trunk is covered with a dense cork layer of the bark.

    A native of Mexico, a long-leafed bulgarian or Nolina longifolia has a powerful upright stem with a characteristic thickening of the plant in the root part of the plant. Hard hanging leaves are located in the apical part. Over time, the old foliage dries out and turns into a kind of skirt covering the trunk almost to the ground.

    Bokarnay or Nolin Nelson( Beaucarnea, Nolina nelsonii)

    Blue Nolina or interswelling grass, as Nelson's second-door cuts are called in northwestern Mexico. The frost-resistant, unpretentious variety of bocarnay, as pictured, was discovered in the desert mountainous regions of Tamaulipas and later described in 1906.The plant is not afraid of cold to –12 ° C.

    Nolin nelsonii is distinguished by bluish-green leaves with a dense sawed edge and a length of up to 70 cm. The leaves are hard, sticking out in different directions. The plant itself can reach a height of 1.5–3 meters.

    The appearance of flowers on this species of bocarnay is observed in spring. After flowering, several laterals are formed on the plant, subsequently replacing the main one.

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    The trunk of young specimens of Nolina of this species is almost imperceptible. It can be observed only in mature plants that have lost more than one row of foliage in the root zone.

    Nolin, bocarnay bent( Beaucarnea, Nolina recurvata)

    The homeland of the bocarnay plant recurvata, popularly called the elephant foot or bottle palm, is the state of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and San Luis Potosi in eastern Mexico. The species is most studied and cultivated in the second half of the XIX century. In Mexico, botanists have discovered the oldest specimens of bocarnay with an unbent age of about 350 years.

    Bocarnay bent or nolin recurvata in nature grows on a par with the largest trees. An adult specimen may be 6–8 m high, but in a pot culture the maximum size is much more modest, just one and a half meters. However, this does not affect the amazing beauty of the plant. Bokarney will decorate even the most modest interior of the room.

    In addition to the trunk in the form of a voluminous bottle, the plant is easily recognizable by the long leaves hanging from the apical rosettes. Green leafy plates up to a meter long in some varieties may be twisted.

    In room conditions, the brocadees do not bloom, and nolin recurvata is no exception. But at home, lush plants that appear in the summer, paniculate inflorescences of the plant are not uncommon. The largest specimens of the bocarnay are bent and their blooming can be seen in the greenhouses, where the plants quickly adapt and coexist with agaves and yucca.

    Nolin, compacted bocarnay( Beaucarnea, Nolina stricta)

    Nolin or compacted bocarnay lives in the central regions of Mexico. The plant has a powerful trunk, shaped like an earthen vessel or bottle. The leaves, like all related species, are narrow and very hard. At home, the bokarnei plants of this species can withstand frosts down to –5 ° C, easily tolerate long dry periods and do not suffer from an abundance of sun.

    Nolin, the mocarp of the microcarp( Beaucarnea, Nolina Microcarpa)

    One of the most willingly flowering species of the bocarnay is found in northern Mexico and in the southwestern states of the United States. The locals have a comparatively low herb called Sacahuista or Beagras. The width of the rosette of coarse, thin, jagged leaves grows to two meters. Individual sheet plates of the bokarnei, in the photo, grow up to 130 cm in length.

    Unlike other species, the nolin mikrokarp does not have an elevated trunk, the entire lignified part is under the surface of the ground. During flowering, in addition to paniculate inflorescences, consisting of small white and yellow flowers, the plant forms characteristic twisting antennae up to 1.5–1.8 meters in length.

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