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Cultivation of clematis in Siberia - planting and care, photo varieties for the selection of the right species, pruning and sheltering plants for the winter and many other nuances. This flower perfectly acclimatizes even in a cold climate, transfers wintering in the open ground, and in summer pleases with abundant flowering. Not every clematis species can grow in the conditions of Siberia, but even for the inhabitants of this region there remains a huge variety of plant varieties.
Clematis is a description of the species
The Clematis genus contains more than 380 varieties of herbaceous or woody plants. They belong to the family Lyutik. Their main feature is flowers of different shades and diameters that can decorate any garden. In nature, they grow in the temperate and subtropical climate of the Northern Hemisphere and perfectly take root in the conditions of a prolonged cold winter.
For successful cultivation it is necessary to choose only frost-resistant clematis varieties - care for them will not be difficult.
Clematis have several features:
- some varieties consist of an underground part and a vine: the first remains in the ground for the winter, and the second dies off;
- The bush form is also popular and does not require pruning for the winter;
- on one bush several types of shoots can be formed, plants with new or last year's shoots will fit in for planting in Siberia;
- flowers can be simple (up to 8 petals) or terry (up to 70 petals), solitary or form inflorescences;
- wild plants are not suitable for growing in Siberia.
Photo clematis in Siberia, planting and caring for which are not difficult, no different from plants grown in warm climates. The main thing is to choose the right frost-resistant variety and observe the rules of its protection for the winter.
Cultivation of clematis in Siberia and care for them
Cultivation clematis in Siberia has its own characteristics. In natural conditions, they do not grow here, but with proper care they adapt easily to the climate and can tolerate winter in the open. For reproduction of these plants in the garden it is necessary to choose seedlings of the right varieties, which are better to take in special nurseries.
Reproduction of a flower
Saplings that can be found on sale are young shoots. which managed to take root and are suitable for planting in open ground. However, there are several ways how to grow this culture at home and for several years to get from one bush a bright thick array:
- For this purpose, roots of lianas near the mother's bush are rooted;
- cuttings - young shoots are separated from the plant during their intensive growth, are rooted and planted in the ground for the next year;
- By dividing the bush, it is possible to divide large, greatly grown bushes from 4 years and older, for this they are cut into several parts together with the rhizome and immediately planted back into the soil.
In natural conditions clematis also reproduce by seeds, but for growing at home this method will not work. Plants sprouted from seeds are less frost-resistant.
Variety selection for planting
In Siberia, the main thing is the choice of a suitable variety. Clematis should adapt well to the climate and tolerate winter without damage. They have a huge number of varieties, so for convenience they are classified into 3 large groups:
- The first group - varieties, in which flowering occurs on the last year's shoots. In Siberia, they are not grown, because shoots need to be cut for the winter.
- The second group is plants, in which flowers can appear on both last year's and young shoots. They are suitable for breeding in Siberia, but they need periodic pruning.
- The third group is herbaceous varieties, in which flowering occurs on young shoots. By winter, the green part dies, and the rhizome remains in the ground. They can be grown in Siberia, but it is necessary to shelter from frosts.
The frost-resistant clematis varieties for Siberia in the photo do not differ from the more thermophilic species. They just as long and abundantly blossom, form large inflorescences and attract attention.
Features of landing clematis
For planting in the open ground, seedlings that are already 2 years of age will be suitable. They should be without damage, with a strong root system. The plant is best purchased in the autumn and stored throughout the winter in a dry, dark place. In the spring it can be planted in the soil. So it will have time to take root and will be ready to resist frosts.
To plant clematis in the ground, you need to perform several steps:
- dig a hole (60 cm deep and wide), lay on its bottom drainage;
- prepare a special soil mixture, which will consist of soil, dolomite flour and lime;
- place the seedling in the planting pit, fill its rhizome with a mixture and cover it with sand;
- organize support for young shoots.
Clematis prefer to grow on light nutrient soils with a low level of groundwater. The site should be well lit and protected from the wind. It is best to plant plants from the southern part of the house - so the wall will serve as a shelter.
For the cultivation of clematis, organic fertilizers and peat are not used - they are too heavy for these plants. If there is a need to feed them, it is better to purchase a ready-made mineral mixture.
Care of plants
Clematis are perennial plants that can grow in the open ground all year round. If you choose the right sort and pick a suitable place for planting, they will feel comfortable. However, for the abundant flowering and neat appearance of the flower bed, you need to give flowers a little time. Complex Clematis care includes several stages:
- construction of a support;
- application of fertilizers;
- shelter for the winter.
Different types of clematis need abundant watering. The moisture they need to build up the green mass and the formation of flowers. On average, they only need one watering a week in the summer, and you should make sure that there is no stagnation of water on the site. Moisture must penetrate deep layers of soil and reach the rhizome.
Soil on the flowerbed should be periodically loosened and cleaned from weeds. It is also useful to make ready-made mineral fertilizers. You can choose a complex mixture or use separately nitrogen, potassium and phosphoric top dressing. It is also useful to organize a support for each flower according to the height of growth. So the creepers will not be damaged by the wind and their own weight.
The main condition for the cultivation of clematis in Siberia is their shelter for the winter. Each year, pruning shoots after flowering, and during the year you can additionally remove dry damaged branches. Shelter form dry sand or peat. To do this, the grassy shoots are detached from the support and laid out in the form of a circle. On top of them, cover with leaves and put them in a wooden box.
Clematis varieties for cultivation in Siberia
Clematis Elegy- refers to the third group of images. The plant forms long creepers, from 3 to, m each. Flowering is abundant, lasts throughout the summer. On one bush a large number of simple flowers of blue-violet hue are formed, each of which can reach up to 12-14 cm in diameter.
Clematis Luther Burbank- a description of this variety can be found in the assortment of different nurseries. It belongs to the third group of pruning, very frost-hardy. The adult plant reaches 2-3 m in height, forms very large purple flowers (up to 25 cm in diameter). The flowering period lasts from June to September.
Klematis Anastasia AnisimovaIs a plant in the form of a bush. The flower reaches 1 m in height, practically does not need support. On one bush, up to 20 shoots are formed, and on them - light blue inflorescences up to 14 cm in diameter. The flowering period lasts throughout the summer.
Clematis Presidentthe photo looks bright and impressive. The adult plant reaches 2 m, it is well fastened to the support. This variety is popular for vertical landscaping of arches and arbors. Flowers appear on young and last year's shoots, bright blue, up to 15 cm in diameter.
Photo and description of Clematis Multi Bluecan be found in virtually any catalog - the variety is very popular. Its feature is terry or half-double flowers, which can be painted in different shades of blue and purple. They are large, can reach 18 cm in diameter, are formed throughout the summer.
Clematis Miss BatemanIs a large-flowered variety, resistant to frost. It is distinguished by snow-white single flowers up to 15 cm in diameter. Plants are resistant to frost, the adult shrub reaches up to, in height.
Clematis Mrs. CholmondeliThis is a large plant whose shoots can reach 3 m. They form flowers up to 18 cm in diameter. They are blue, can have a purple hue. There may be differences in the color of the petals within a single variety.
Clematis Madame le CultreIs a large-flowered variety. Throughout the summer the plant forms bright white simple flowers with a yellow core, up to 18 cm in diameter. The bushes reach 3 m in height, in autumn they need partial pruning for the winter.
Clematis Warszawa Nyk(Warsaw night) - spectacular flowers that are like for landscaping flower beds, arches and arbors. This is a Polish variety, but it is distinguished by its high winter hardiness and can grow in the cold climate of Siberia. Flowers are large, rich in wine, with a contrasting light core.
Clematis Doctor Ruppel- one of the most unpretentious varieties. It grows rapidly, while its vines are well attached to any support. He can climb on the walls of buildings. Its flowers are very large, up to 20 cm in diameter, the petals are painted in a bright pink shade with bright edges.
Clematis photos by Nelly Mosersimilar to the previous grade. They are also painted in shades of white and pink, well attached to the support, can be used to create living fences and hedges. Lianas are fixed with the help of special antennae.
Clematis Jacqueman- an abundantly flowering variety with bright blue-violet petals. He quickly grows and can cling to different types of support with antennules. Flowering occurs on young shoots, so by winter it needs partial pruning and shelter.
Description clematis Rouge Cardinalnecessarily emphasizes his large bright colors of a rich wine or burgundy shade. Petals are velvety, and inflorescences can reach up to 15 cm in diameter. In the center is a contrasting light core. The plant belongs to the third group of pruning and needs shelter for the winter.
Clematis HuldinIs one of the largest species. The length of shoots-lian reaches up to 5 m, while they are weak and need support. The flowers are non-primary, single, their petals are bright white. Inflorescences are small, up to 10 cm in diameter.
Clematis Hegly Hybriddiffers colors of unusual shape, painted in a light purple hue. It does not grow very fast, but it is abundantly colored throughout the summer. If you plant it near the support, the lianas will cling to the antennae and climb over it.
Clematis John Paul 2This is a fast growing variety, which can reach 4 m in height. Lianas need support and can be used for the purpose of vertical landscaping of objects. The flowers are large, white with a pink strip in the center of each petal. The strip becomes more pronounced at the end of flowering.
Clematis Ernest Markham- one of the most effective varieties. It grows slowly, starts to bloom late (in July), but very abundantly. Its vines can be attached to natural and artificial supports, decorating arbors or arches. Before winter, the plant needs a strong pruning.
Clematis Purpurea Plena EleganceIs a variety with small double colors of pink or crimson shades. More often it is used to close the walls of buildings, as it is easily attached to any supports. Flowering is long and abundant, continues throughout the summer.
Clematis Ministerwas bred by Estonian breeders. His flowers are large, and the bushes reach 2 m in height. The petals are blue with a pink stripe in the center, with uneven edges. The plant is well attached to supports with leaf petioles, it can climb walls of buildings.
Clematis Cosmic melody- Effective and unpretentious variety. Shrubs reach 3-4 m in height, flowering continues throughout the summer. The main feature of the variety is its bright flowers, painted in a rich purple hue. They are small (10-14 cm in diameter), but appear in large numbers and stay on the shoots for a long time.
Photo clematis in Siberia, planting and caring for which are possible even in the conditions of a long harsh winter, differ in the variety of colors and shades. They adapt to different climates, but for this they need constant care and shelter for the winter. If you follow all the rules - clematis quickly grow and abundantly blossom throughout the summer.