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Ogorodniki buy seeds of cucumbers in horticultural shops. The most delicious and yielding varieties are left for breeding. You can multiply cucumbers with seeds. This method is time consuming, but it is worth the effort, since you will get a large amount of planting material. To get quality planting material, it is necessary to follow several rules.
Selection of mature fruit
To get the seeds, on the cucumber lashes leave fruit until August. In the middle of August, cucumbers of yellow color are torn off.
When picking cucumbers on seeds, pay attention to the stem of the vegetable. It must dry completely. If the stalk is green, the seeds have not yet received enough nutrients. Cucumbers with a green peduncle are left on the whip until it dries completely.
Choose the right seeds
After collecting the overripe fruit, carefully examine them. It is necessary to extract seeds only from cucumbers with four chambers (tetrahedral). Such fruits are feminine. Seeds of such fruits will grow bushes with a good ovary. Seeds from male fruits will not yield large yields, as they will predominantly flower with male flowers. Male fruits of cucumber - three-chambered (three-sided).
Cut the fruits of the cucumber. So you can better distinguish male and female fruits. Also it is necessary to cut off the side parts of female fruits. Bitterness accumulates in the seeds. Of these seeds will grow bitter cucumbers.
Preparing the seeds for planting
Seeds of cucumber are in a transparent shell. This shell quickly deteriorates, which reduces the shelf life of the seeds. In order to get rid of the shell, the seeds are dried in the sun for three days. Remains of the film can be washed off in warm water. All the full seeds sink to the bottom of the tank, and the empty seeds will float upward. All the empty seeds need to be filtered out. Complete - to assemble with a sieve. Then such seeds are dried.
Store seeds in a cool dark place. It is noted that if the seeds are stored for a long time for several years, then the yield of bushes from such seeds is significantly increased.
Plant the seeds of cucumbers in the spring. Depending on the variety, the beds are sown in mid-April-late May.
Sign the containers with seeds and plant seeds of only one variety on the beds, otherwise the risk of cucumber pollination is high. If the varieties are dusted, then the seeds from their fruits can not be collected, since a hybrid variety will grow without the possibility of reproduction.